Amid Unwinding of Pandemic-Era Policies, Medicaid Programs Continue to Focus on Delivery Systems, Benefits, and Reimbursement Rates: Results from an Annual Medicaid Budget Survey for State Fiscal Years 2023 and 2024

KFF commissioned Health Management Associates (HMA) to survey Medicaid directors in all 50 states and the District of Columbia to identify and track trends in Medicaid spending, enrollment, and policy making. This is the 23rd annual survey conducted at the beginning of the state fiscal year (FY) from FY 2002 through FY 2024. Additionally, ten mid-fiscal year surveys were conducted during state fiscal years 2002-2004, 2009-2013, 2021, and 2022 when a large share of states were considering mid-year Medicaid policy changes due to state budget and revenue shortfalls and/or the COVID-19 pandemic. Findings from previous surveys are referenced in this report when they help to highlight current trends. Archived copies of past reports are available on the following page.

The KFF/HMA Medicaid survey on which this report is based was sent to state Medicaid directors in June 2023. The survey instrument (in Appendix) was designed to document policy actions in place in FY 2023 and implemented or planned for FY 2024 (which began for most states on July 1, 2023).1 The survey captures information consistent with previous surveys, particularly for provider payment rates, benefits, and managed care, to provide some trend information. Each year, questions are added or revised to address current issues.

Medicaid directors and staff provided data for this report in response to a written survey and a follow-up telephone interview. Overall, 48 states responded in mid-summer of 2023, though response rates for specific questions varied.2 Forty-four states participated in a follow-up telephone interview, conducted between July and September 2023.3 The telephone discussions are an important part of the survey to ensure complete and accurate responses and to record additional context for and complexities of state actions. The District of Columbia is counted as a state for the purposes of this report, and the U.S. territories were not included in this analysis, given differences in the financing structure of their programs.

The survey does not attempt to catalog all Medicaid policies in place for each state. This report highlights certain policies in place in state Medicaid programs in FY 2023 and policy changes implemented or planned for FY 2024. Experience has shown that adopted policies are sometimes delayed or not implemented for reasons related to legal, fiscal, administrative, systems, or political considerations, or due to delays in approval from CMS. While the unwinding of the pandemic-related continuous enrollment provision and enhanced federal match rate were the dominant Medicaid policy issues when states completed this survey, states were also focused on an array of other priorities that ranged from core program operations and the unwinding of other pandemic-related emergency policies to pursuing and implementing new initiatives.

Future Outlook: Key Priorities and Challenges in FY 2024 and Beyond Appendix

KFF Headquarters: 185 Berry St., Suite 2000, San Francisco, CA 94107 | Phone 650-854-9400
Washington Offices and Barbara Jordan Conference Center: 1330 G Street, NW, Washington, DC 20005 | Phone 202-347-5270 | Email Alerts: | |

The independent source for health policy research, polling, and news, KFF is a nonprofit organization based in San Francisco, California.