Who Could Get Covered Under Medicaid Expansion? State Fact Sheets

Prior to the Affordable Care Act, Medicaid eligibility was limited to specific low-income groups, such as the elderly, people with disabilities, children, pregnant women, and some parents.

The ACA expanded Medicaid coverage to nearly all adults with incomes up to 138% of the Federal Poverty Level ($17,609 for an individual in 2020).

As of February 2021, 12 states have not adopted the ACA Medicaid expansion. Across all non-expansion states, 4.0 million uninsured nonelderly adults would become eligible for Medicaid if all opted to expand their programs.

Who would become eligible for Medicaid if these states chose to expand? The table below the map links you to state-specific fact sheets with key data that answers that question.

 

State
# of Nonelderly Uninsured who
Would be Eligible for Coverage
Share of State’s
Total Uninsured Population
Fact Sheet
United States   3,987,800 36%* U.S. Fact Sheet
Alabama  204,100 49% Alabama Fact Sheet
Florida 789,800 33% Florida Fact Sheet
Georgia 452,600 39% Georgia Fact Sheet
Kansas 82,700 38% Kansas Fact Sheet
Mississippi 166,600 51% Mississippi Fact Sheet
North Carolina 372,400 37% North Carolina  Fact Sheet
South Carolina 188,000 40% South Carolina Fact Sheet
South Dakota 27,800 42% South Dakota Fact Sheet
Tennessee 226,200 38% Tennessee Fact Sheet
Texas 1,432,900 34% Texas Fact Sheet
Wisconsin 29,500 11% **
Wyoming 15,200 28% Wyoming Fact Sheet

Notes:

Data sourced from KFF analysis of the 2019 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates. All other sources can be found linked within the fact sheets.

Geographic areas are defined by PUMAs, or Public-Use Microdata Areas. PUMAs are geographic areas defined as a collection of counties or tracts within counties with more than 100,000 people, based on the decennial census population counts. We use PUMA designations available on the public-use ACS microdata files.

To help support states and promote stability of coverage amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, the Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA) provides a 6.2 percentage point increase in the federal share of certain Medicaid spending with requirements to meet certain maintenance of eligibility (MOE) requirements that include ensuring continuous coverage for current enrollees.

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Filling the need for trusted information on national health issues, the Kaiser Family Foundation is a nonprofit organization based in San Francisco, California.