How Much Has Medicare Spent on the EpiPen Since 2007?

Issue Brief
  1. Dollars in nominal terms using the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ CPI inflation calculator, based on 2016 inflation-adjusted prices from Elsevier Gold Standard Drug Database; see Ike Swetlitz, “High price of EpiPen spurs consumers, EMTs to resort to syringes for allergic reactions,” STAT, July 6, 2016.

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  2. These estimates include rebates for both generics and brands; see Boards of Trustees, 2016 Annual Report of the Boards of Trustees of the Federal Hospital Insurance and Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Funds, Table IV.B8.

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  3. Social Security Act sections 1860D-2(d)(2) and 1927(b)(3)(D).

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  4. Part D Low-Income Subsidies provide additional financial assistance for enrollees with low incomes and modest assets, by paying some or all of plan premiums and reducing prescription drug cost-sharing amounts.

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