Issue Brief
  1. This analysis limits “workers” to people who earned at least $1,000 during the past year and worked at least 20 hours in a typical week when working.

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  2. KFF analysis of 2018 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates.

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  3. KFF analysis of 2018 National Health Interview Survey.

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  4. KFF analysis of 2019 Current Population Survey.

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  5. Ibid.

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  6. Notably, eligibility for marketplace subsidies (but not Medicaid) includes the new federal supplemental unemployment insurance benefits recently enacted by Congress for people affected by COVID-19. This supplemental benefit could lead some unemployed low-wage workers who previously were in the “coverage gap” (income below poverty but above state Medicaid limits) to have income above poverty, making them newly eligible for Marketplace subsidies.

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  7. KFF analysis of 2018 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates.

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  8. KFF analysis of 2018 National Health Interview Survey.

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  9. Ibid.

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  10. KFF analysis of 2018 American Community Survey, 1-Year Estimates.

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  11. KFF analysis of 2018 National Health Interview Survey.

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  12. All data in this paragraph based on KFF analysis of 2018 National health Interview Survey.

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