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Key Facts on Health and Health Care by Race and Ethnicity

Appendix Table 1: Differences Compared to Whites for Selected Access and Utilization Measures
Measure Population Group Asian Hispanic Black AIAN NHOPI
Totals
Better: 1
No Difference: 4
Worse: 6
Better: 0
No Difference: 4
Worse: 7
Better: 2
No Difference: 2
Worse: 7
Better: 1
No Difference: 3
Worse: 6
N/A: 1
Better: 0
No Difference: 3
Worse: 1
N/A: 7
Access
Did not see a doctor for needed care because of cost Nonelderly adults Better Worse Worse Worse No Difference
Delayed/went without care for other reasons Nonelderly adults No Difference Worse Worse Worse No Difference
Has usual source of care Nonelderly adults Worse Worse Worse No Difference N/A
Has usual source of care Children Worse Worse Worse No Difference N/A
Utilization
Health care visit in past 12 months Nonelderly adults Worse Worse Worse No Difference N/A
Dental visit in past 12 months Nonelderly adults No Difference Worse Worse Worse N/A
Health care visit in last 12 months Children Worse Worse No Difference Worse N/A
Dental visit in last 12 months Children Worse No Difference No Difference Better N/A
Immunization rate Children 19-35 mos. No Difference No Difference Worse N/A N/A
Women’s Screenings
Mammogram in past 2 years Women age 50-74 No Difference No Difference Better Worse No Difference
Pap smear in past 3 years Women age 21-65 Worse No Difference Better Worse Worse
Notes: Worse or Better indicates a statistically significant difference from White population at the p<0.05 level. AIAN refers to American Indians and Alaska Natives. NHOPI refers to Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race but are categorized as Hispanic for this analysis; other groups are non-Hispanic. N/A indicates data are not available separately for a racial/ethnic group or insufficient data for a reliable estimate.
Sources: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of CDC, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2014 and National Health Interview Survey, 2014. Immunization data based on Hill, et. al, National, State, and Selected Local Area Vaccination Coverage Among Children Aged 19-35 Months – United States, 2014, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, CDC.
Appendix Table 2: Differences Compared to Whites for Selected Health Status and Outcome Measures
Population Group Asian Hispanic Black AIAN NHOPI
Totals
Better: 25
No Difference: 2
Worse: 2
Better: 7
No Difference: 5
Worse: 13
N/A: 4
Better: 1
No Difference: 4
Worse: 24
Better: 6
No Difference: 1
Worse: 20
N/A: 2
Better: 2
No Difference: 6
Worse: 3
N/A: 18
Health Status
Fair/Poor Health Status Nonelderly Adults Better Worse Worse Worse N/A
Physical Limitation Nonelderly Adults Better Better No Difference Worse N/A
≥ 14 physically unhealthy days in past 30 Nonelderly Adults Better Worse Worse Worse No Difference
≥ 14 mentally unhealthy days in past 30 Nonelderly Adults Better Better Worse Worse No Difference
Health Risks
Smoking rate Nonelderly Adults Better Better No Difference Worse No Difference
Obesity rate Nonelderly Adults Better Worse Worse Worse No Difference
Obesity rate Children Age 2-19 Better Worse Worse N/A N/A
Alcohol Dependence/Abuse Age 12 and Older Better No Difference No Difference Worse N/A
Drug Dependence/Abuse Age 12 and Older Better No Difference Worse No Difference N/A
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence/Abuse Age 12 and Older Better No Difference No Difference Worse No Difference
Chronic Conditions
Asthma rate Nonelderly Adults Better Better Worse Worse No Difference
Diabetes rate Nonelderly Adults Better Worse Worse Worse Worse
Heart Attack/Heart Disease rate Nonelderly Adults Better Better Worse Worse Better
Asthma rate Children Age 1-19 Better No Difference Worse N/A N/A
HIV/AIDS Diagnoses and Deaths
HIV diagnosis rate Age 13-64 No Difference Worse Worse Worse Worse
AIDS diagnosis rate Age 13-64 No Difference Worse Worse Worse Worse
Death rate for individuals with HIV Age 13-64 Better Worse Worse Worse Better
Cancer Incidence
Cancer rate Total Population Better N/A: Not compared to Whites due to overlapping samples Worse Better N/A Combined with Asian Group
Breast cancer rate Total Women Better Better Better
Colorectal cancer rate Total Population Better Worse Better
Lung cancer rate Total Population Better Worse Better
Birth Risks and Outcomes
Pre-term births All births Better Worse Worse Worse N/A Combined with Asian Group
Low birth weight All births Worse Worse Worse Worse
Late/No prenatal care All births Worse Worse Worse Worse
Infant mortality rate All births Better No Difference Worse Worse
Teen birth rate All births Better Worse Worse Worse
Deaths Due to Selected Chronic Conditions
Diabetes death rate Total Population Better Worse Worse Worse N/A Combined with Asian Group
Heart disease death rate Total Population Better Better Worse Better
Cancer death rate Total Population Better Better Worse Better
Conclusion

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