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How Does Gaining Coverage Affect People's Lives? Access, Utilization, and Financial Security among Newly Insured Adults

Appendix Table 1: Newly Insured, Previously Insured, and Uninsured Adults with Incomes Below 400% FPL, Fall 2014
Uninsured Newly Insured Previously Insured
Income
< 138% FPL 59% 56% 37%*
139 – 400% FPL 41% 44% 63%*
Work Status
Full Time Working Family 47% 45% 61%*
Part Time Working Family 19% 20% 10%*
Unemployed Family 33% 33% 29%
Race/Ethnicity
Hispanic 31%* 23% 18%
White, Non-Hispanic 45% 49% 61%*
Black, Non-Hispanic 15% 19% 12%*
Other 8% 9% 9%
Gender
Female 45%* 58% 53%
Male 55% 42% 47%
Citizenship
Citizen 77%* 87% 94%*
Legal Immigrant 7% 7% 3%
   Undocumented 15%* 5% 2%*
Age
19-25 24% 19% 18%
26-34 29% 31% 20%*
35-44 20% 19% 22%
45-64 26% 31% 40%*
Family Status
Married with dependent children 16% 16% 29%*
Married, no dependent children 10% 11% 18%*
Not married with dependent children 22% 22% 14%*
Not married, no dependent children 52% 50% 39%*
Insurance Status of Participant’s Children
 Doesn’t have Children 62% 62% 57%
 All Children are insured 25%* 35% 41%
 Some or all children are uninsured 12% 2%
Health Status
 Excellent/Good Health 62%* 71% 75%
 Fair/Poor Health 37%* 28% 25%
 Excellent/Good Mental Health 79% 80% 84%
 Fair/Poor Mental Health 20% 18% 16%
 Has Ongoing Condition 32% 39% 41%
 Taking Rx 25%* 36% 49%*
Coverage Began In
 Quarter 1 NA 40% NA
 Quarter 2 NA 20% NA
 Quarter 3 NA 22% NA
 Quarter 4 NA 9% NA
 DK/RF NA 9% NA
Prior Coverage
 Coverage started prior to 2014 NA NA 87%
 Had same plan, but renewed in 2014 NA NA 11%
 Had other plan, same coverage type NA NA
 Had other type of coverage NA NA 13%
NOTES: NA: Not applicable. “–“: Estimates with relative standard errors greater than 30% or with cell sizes less than 100 are not provided.
* Estimate statistically significantly different from newly insured estimate at the 95% confidence level.
SOURCE: 2014 Kaiser Survey of Low-Income Americans and the ACA.
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