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Health and Health Coverage in the South: A Data Update

Table 1: Racial and Ethnic Distribution and Poverty Rate of Total U.S. Population, 2014
State Total Residents Racial/Ethnic Distribution Percent With Income Below Poverty
White Black Hispanic Asian Other
United States 316,168,000 62% 12% 18% 6% 3% 15%
South 118,339,000 58% 19% 17% 3% 2% 17%
Alabama 4,768,000 66% 27% 4% 2% 1% 18%
Arkansas 2,896,000 72% 16% 7% N/A 3% 19%
Delaware 929,000 63% 20% 10% 4% 2% 11%
District of Columbia 657,000 37% 47% 11% 4% 2% 19%
Florida 19,731,000 55% 16% 25% 3% 1% 17%
Georgia 9,965,000 53% 31% 10% 4% 2% 17%
Kentucky 4,316,000 84% 8% 4% 3% 1% 20%
Louisiana 4,557,000 58% 31% 6% 2% 2% 23%
Maryland 5,939,000 54% 29% 8% 6% 3% 10%
Mississippi 2,965,000 57% 37% 3% N/A 1% 22%
North Carolina 9,836,000 62% 21% 10% 3% N/A 17%
Oklahoma 3,742,000 68% 7% 11% 2% 12% 18%
South Carolina 4,764,000 64% 27% 6% 1% 2% 17%
Tennessee 6,502,000 74% 17% 6% 1% N/A 17%
Texas 26,687,000 44% 12% 38% 4% 2% 16%
Virginia 8,259,000 63% 19% 8% 7% 2% 10%
West Virginia 1,826,000 92% 3% 1% N/A 2% 21%
U.S Excluding South 197,829,000 64%* 8%* 18% 7%* 3%* 14%*
Midwest 67,239,000 76%* 10%* 8%* 3% 2% 13%*
Illinois 12,798,000 64% 13% 16% 6% 1% 14%
Indiana 6,478,000 78% 9% 9% 3% 1% 15%
Iowa 3,081,000 88% 3% 5% 3% N/A 10%
Kansas 2,853,000 75% 6% 12% 4% 3% 12%
Michigan 9,906,000 75% 14% 6% 3% 2% 15%
Minnesota 5,419,000 79% 6% 6% 5% 5% 8%
Missouri 5,961,000 81% 12% 4% 1% 2% 11%
Nebraska 1,881,000 79% 4% 11% 3% N/A 12%
North Dakota 733,000 88% 2% 3% 2% 5% 10%
Ohio 11,536,000 80% 12% 3% 2% 3% 16%
South Dakota 847,000 85% 2% 2% N/A 10% 13%
Wisconsin 5,747,000 82% 6% 8% 2% 3% 11%
Northeast 55,766,000 67%* 11%* 13%* 7%* 2%* 13%*
Connecticut 3,578,000 71% 9% 13% 6% 1% 9%
Maine 1,300,000 92% 1% 1% 2% 4% 15%
Massachusetts 6,658,000 72% 7% 11% 8% 2% 14%
New Hampshire 1,320,000 92% 1% 3% 3% 1% 7%
New Jersey 8,939,000 58% 13% 19% 9% 1% 11%
New York 19,679,000 57% 13% 18% 10% 2% 14%
Pennsylvania 12,627,000 77% 10% 7% 3% 2% 13%
Rhode Island 1,048,000 77% 6% 12% 4% 2% 12%
Vermont 617,000 94% 1% 1% 2% 2% 10%
West 74,824,000 51%* 4%* 30%* 11%* 4%* 15%*
Alaska 696,000 57% 2% 9% 10% 22% 12%
Arizona 6,657,000 49% 4% 39% 4% 5% 21%
California 38,701,000 39% 5% 38% 15% 3% 16%
Colorado 5,377,000 70% 4% 21% 2% 3% 12%
Hawaii 1,365,000 19% 2% 9% 53% 17% 11%
Idaho 1,610,000 82% 1% 13% 1% 3% 13%
Montana 1,009,000 90% 1% 3% N/A 5% 12%
Nevada 2,823,000 50% 9% 28% 9% 5% 17%
New Mexico 2,035,000 40% 2% 43% N/A 13% 20%
Oregon 3,962,000 76% 2% 12% 6% 4% 15%
Utah 2,929,000 81% 1% 12% 4% 2% 10%
Washington 7,085,000 70% 4% 13% 8% 5% 12%
Wyoming 572,000 86% 1% 9% N/A 3% 10%
NOTES: Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race; all other racial/ethnic groups are non-Hispanic. Asian includes Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders. Other includes American Indians and Alaska Natives and individuals reporting two or more races. Numbers may not sum to 100% due to rounding. *Indicates the region has a statistically significant difference from the South at p<.05 level. Statistical comparisons not included for total United States or for individual states. N/A: Estimates with relative standard errors greater than 30% are not provided.
SOURCE: Kaiser Family Foundation estimates based on the Census Bureau’s March 2015 Current Population Survey (CPS: Annual Social and Economic Supplement).
Table 2: Health Status and Selected Health Indicators
Selected Health Indicators among Adults Infant Deaths per 1,000 Live Births Cancer Death Rate per 100,000
Fair/Poor Health Status Percent Told by A Doctor Have Diabetes Percent Overweight or Obese

United States

18% 11% 64% 6.0 166.4

South

20% 11% 66% 6.7 171.4
Alabama 23% 13% 67% 8.6 184.8
Arkansas 23% 13% 71% 7.9 188.6
Delaware 16% 11% 67% 6.4 176.1
District of Columbia 13% 8% 55% 6.7 178.4
Florida 19% 11% 62% 6.1 157.8
Georgia 19% 12% 66% 7.0 169.6
Kentucky 24% 12% 67% 6.4 201.2
Louisiana 22% 11% 69% 8.7 190.5
Maryland 14% 10% 65% 6.6 166.0
Mississippi 22% 13% 71% 9.6 200.0
North Carolina 19% 11% 66% 7.0 170.5
Oklahoma 20% 12% 68% 6.7 189.6
South Carolina 20% 12% 67% 6.9 179.0
Tennessee 24% 13% 67% 6.8 187.9
Texas 19% 11% 68% 5.8 160.6
Virginia 17% 10% 65% 6.2 165.3
West Virginia 26% 14% 70% 7.6 191.1
U.S Excluding South 17%* 10%* 63%* 5.5* 163.4*
Midwest 16%* 10%* 66% 6.4* 174.1*
Illinois 17% 10% 64% 6.0 175.5
Indiana 19% 11% 66% 7.2 184.2
Iowa 14% 9% 67% 4.3 167.9
Kansas 15% 10% 66% 6.5 167.7
Michigan 17% 10% 66% 7.1 174.3
Minnesota 12% 8% 64% 5.1 155.6
Missouri 17% 11% 66% 6.5 182.0
Nebraska 13% 9% 67% 5.2 164.6
North Dakota 14% 9% 69% 6.0 150.7
Ohio 18% 12% 67% 7.3 182.1
South Dakota 14% 9% 65% 6.5 162.0
Wisconsin 16% 9% 67% 6.3 166.1
Northeast 16%* 10%* 62%* 5.2* 164.1*
Connecticut 14% 9% 60% 4.8 152.0
Maine 15% 9% 64% 7.1 179.0
Massachusetts 14% 10% 59% 4.2 163.3
New Hampshire 14% 9% 64% 5.6 167.7
New Jersey 17% 10% 63% 4.5 160.3
New York 17% 10% 61% 4.9 159.5
Pennsylvania 17% 11% 64% 6.7 174.8
Rhode Island 15% 9% 62% 6.5 163.6
Vermont 12% 8% 60% 4.4 164.8
West 17%* 10%* 61%* 5.0* 151.9*
Alaska 13% 7% 65% 5.8 169.0
Arizona 19% 10% 64% 5.3 148.3
California 18% 10% 60% 4.8 151.0
Colorado 13% 7% 57% 5.1 143.7
Hawaii 15% 10% 58% 6.4 134.6
Idaho 13% 8% 66% 5.6 152.0
Montana 15% 9% 63% 5.6 154.2
Nevada 18% 10% 64% 5.3 163.8
New Mexico 21% 12% 65% 5.3 148.0
Oregon 16% 9% 62% 4.9 168.3
Utah 12% 7% 60% 5.2 128.7
Washington 16% 9% 63% 4.5 161.8
Wyoming 14% 8% 65% 4.8 154.6
NOTES: *Indicates the region has a statistically significant difference from the South at p<.05 level. Infant mortality rates are not subject to sampling variation; as such, these rates were tested using the CDC’s recommended approach described on p.26 of http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_09.pdf. Statistical comparisons not included for total United States or for individual states.
SOURCES: KCMU analysis of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)’s Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) 2014 Survey Results. Infant mortality rates based on KCMU analysis of CDC Linked Birth/Infant Death Records, 2013. Cancer-related deaths based on KCMU analysis of CDC and National Cancer Institute United States Cancer Statistics, 2012, Incidence and Mortality Web-based Report.
Table 3: Health Insurance Coverage of the Nonelderly, 2014
Total Nonelderly (0-64) Nonelderly Adults (19-64) Children
Private Medicaid/
Other Public
Uninsured Private Medicaid/
Other Public
Uninsured Private Medicaid/
Other Public
Uninsured
United States 62% 26% 12% 67% 19% 14% 52% 41% 6%
South 60% 25% 15% 65% 17% 18% 49% 44% 7%
Alabama 60% 27% 13% 65% 19% 16% 48% 46% 5%
Arkansas 57% 31% 12% 63% 22% 15% 44% 52% 4%
Delaware 66% 26% 8% 68% 23% 9% 60% 34% 6%
District of Columbia 65% 28% 7% 70% 22% 8% 47% 50% 4%
Florida 56% 27% 17% 60% 19% 20% 44% 48% 8%
Georgia 59% 24% 18% 63% 15% 22% 48% 43% 8%
Kentucky 60% 32% 8% 64% 26% 9% 50% 45% 5%
Louisiana 56% 29% 15% 63% 18% 19% 41% 56% 3%
Maryland 74% 20% 7% 76% 16% 8% 68% 30% 2%
Mississippi 51% 35% 14% 58% 25% 18% 35% 61% 5%
North Carolina 61% 26% 14% 66% 18% 16% 49% 43% 8%
Oklahoma 58% 24% 18% 63% 17% 20% 46% 40% 14%
South Carolina 58% 27% 15% 61% 21% 18% 49% 44% 7%
Tennessee 64% 25% 11% 69% 18% 13% 53% 42% 6%
Texas 59% 23% 19% 64% 13% 23% 47% 44% 9%
Virginia 69% 19% 11% 72% 15% 13% 63% 30% 6%
West Virginia 55% 37% 8% 59% 32% 9% 43% 54% N/A
U.S Excluding South 64%* 26% 10%* 68%* 20%* 12%* 54%* 40%* 6%*
Midwest 67%* 23%* 10%* 71%* 18% 11%* 58%* 37%* 5%*
Illinois 65% 24% 10% 69% 18% 13% 57% 39% 4%
Indiana 65% 23% 12% 69% 17% 15% 56% 37% 7%
Iowa 71% 22% 7% 77% 15% 8% 58% 37% N/A
Kansas 66% 22% 12% 71% 15% 15% 56% 38% 7%
Michigan 66% 26% 8% 69% 21% 10% 58% 39% 3%
Minnesota 74% 19% 8% 76% 16% 8% 68% 26% 7%
Missouri 69% 21% 10% 72% 15% 13% 62% 33% 5%
Nebraska 68% 21% 11% 73% 13% 14% 57% 39% 4%
North Dakota 76% 14% 10% 78% 10% 11% 70% 24% N/A
Ohio 63% 29% 9% 68% 22% 10% 50% 46% 4%
South Dakota 71% 18% 11% 75% 12% 13% 62% 31% 7%
Wisconsin 71% 21% 8% 74% 16% 10% 61% 34% 4%
Northeast 66%* 25% 9%* 70%* 20%* 11%* 56%* 39%* 5%*
Connecticut 72% 20% 8% 75% 15% 10% 67% 31% 3%
Maine 62% 26% 11% 66% 21% 13% 53% 42% N/A
Massachusetts 67% 28% 5% 70% 25% 5% 58% 37% 4%
New Hampshire 75% 17% 8% 78% 12% 10% 64% 32% 4%
New Jersey 66% 22% 12% 68% 17% 14% 60% 34% 6%
New York 62% 29% 9% 66% 23% 10% 51% 44% 5%
Pennsylvania 69% 22% 9% 74% 15% 11% 55% 40% 5%
Rhode Island 71% 22% 6% 76% 17% 7% 59% 38% 3%
Vermont 68% 26% 7% 72% 21% 8% 55% 42% N/A
West 60% 28%* 12%* 64% 22%* 14%* 51%* 43% 7%
Alaska 58% 26% 16% 62% 20% 18% 48% 41% 12%
Arizona 55% 31% 14% 59% 25% 16% 45% 45% 10%
California 59% 30% 11% 63% 23% 14% 49% 45% 5%
Colorado 60% 27% 13% 64% 22% 15% 51% 40% 9%
Hawaii 65% 29% 6% 70% 22% 7% 53% 44% 3%
Idaho 66% 22% 12% 72% 14% 14% 56% 37% 7%
Montana 64% 21% 15% 68% 15% 17% 56% 36% 8%
Nevada 59% 27% 14% 63% 21% 16% 48% 41% 11%
New Mexico 49% 38% 14% 54% 30% 16% 37% 55% 8%
Oregon 63% 27% 9% 66% 23% 12% 57% 39% 4%
Utah 73% 14% 13% 75% 10% 15% 71% 19% 10%
Washington 62% 28% 10% 67% 21% 12% 51% 44% 5%
Wyoming 75% 14% 11% 76% 10% 13% 70% 24% 6%
NOTES: Private includes employer and non-group coverage. Medicaid/Other Public includes those covered by Medicaid, the Children’s Health Insurance Program, Medicare, military and other public coverage. Data may not sum to 100% due to rounding. *Indicates the region has a statistically significant difference from the South at p<.05 level. Statistical comparisons not included for total United States or for individual states. N/A: Estimates with relative standard errors greater than 30% are not provided.
SOURCE: Kaiser Family Foundation estimates based on the Census Bureau’s March 2015 Current Population Survey (CPS: Annual Social and Economic Supplement).
Table 4: Medicaid/CHIP Eligibility Limits as a Percent of the Federal Poverty Level, January 2016

State

Upper Limit for Children Upper Limit for Pregnant Women Parents Childless Adults

United States Median

255% 205% 138% 138%

South Median

217% 205% 44% 0%
Alabama 317% 146% 18% 0%
Arkansas 216% 214% 138% 138%
Delaware 217% 217% 138% 138%
District of Columbia 324% 324% 221% 215%
Florida 215% 196% 34% 0%
Georgia 252% 225% 37% 0%
Kentucky 218% 200% 138% 138%
Louisiana* 255% 214% 24% 0%
Maryland 322% 264% 138% 138%
Mississippi 214% 199% 27% 0%
North Carolina 216% 201% 44% 0%
Oklahoma 210% 190% 44% 0%
South Carolina 213% 199% 67% 0%
Tennessee 255% 255% 101% 0%
Texas 206% 207% 18% 0%
Virginia 205% 205% 39% 0%
West Virginia 305% 163% 138% 138%

U.S. Excluding South Median

266% 205% 138% 138%

Midwest Median

253% 204% 138% 138%
Illinois 318% 213% 138% 138%
Indiana 263% 218% 139% 139%
Iowa 380% 380% 138% 138%
Kansas 244% 171% 38% 0%
Michigan 217% 200% 138% 138%
Minnesota 288% 283% 138% 138%
Missouri 305% 201% 22% 0%
Nebraska 218% 202% 63% 0%
North Dakota 175% 152% 138% 138%
Ohio 211% 205% 138% 138%
South Dakota 209% 138% 52% 0%
Wisconsin 306% 306% 100% 100%

Northeast Median

319% 214% 138% 138%
Connecticut 323% 263% 155% 138%
Maine 213% 214% 105% 0%
Massachusetts 305% 205% 138% 138%
New Hampshire 323% 201% 138% 138%
New Jersey 355% 205% 138% 138%
New York 405% 223% 138% 138%
Pennsylvania 319% 220% 138% 138%
Rhode Island 266% 258% 138% 138%
Vermont 317% 213% 138% 138%

West Median

265% 190% 138% 138%
Alaska 208% 205% 143% 138%
Arizona 152% 161% 138% 138%
California 266% 322% 138% 138%
Colorado 265% 265% 138% 138%
Hawaii 313% 196% 138% 138%
Idaho 190% 138% 26% 0%
Montana 266% 162% 138% 138%
Nevada 205% 165% 138% 138%
New Mexico 305% 255% 138% 138%
Oregon 305% 190% 138% 138%
Utah 205% 144% 45% 0%
Washington 317% 198% 138% 138%
Wyoming 205% 159% 57% 0%
NOTE: *Louisiana has adopted the Medicaid expansion for adults, but coverage is not yet in effect. When coverage becomes effective July 2016, eligibility levels for parents and other adults will be 138% FPL.
SOURCE: Based on results from a national survey conducted by KCMU and the Georgetown University Center for Children and Families, January 2016.
Table 5: Eligibility for ACA Coverage Among the Nonelderly Uninsured in 2015 based on Medicaid Expansion Decisions as of January 2016

State

Total Uninsured Medicaid Eligible Eligible for Tax Credits Ineligible for Financial Assistance Due to Offer of ESI, Income, or Citizenship  In the Coverage Gap 

United States

32,339,000 8,850,000 27% 7,022,000 22% 13,572,000 42% 2,895,000 9%

South

15,050,000 2,450,000 16% 3,823,000 25% 6,186,000 41% 2,591,000 17%
Alabama 513,000 75,000 15% 160,000 31% 139,000 27% 139,000 27%
Arkansas 285,000 127,000 44% 60,000 21% 98,000 34%
Delaware 63,000 22,000 35% 15,000 24% 25,000 40%
District of Columbia 42,000 20,000 48% N/A N/A 19,000 45%
Florida 2,788,000 306,000 11% 825,000 30% 1,091,000 39% 567,000 20%
Georgia 1,524,000 201,000 13% 406,000 27% 612,000 40% 305,000 20%
Kentucky 285,000 121,000 43% N/A N/A 119,000 42% 49,000 17%
Louisiana+ 582,000 311,000 53% 117,000 20% 154,000 26%
Maryland 336,000 133,000 40% 43,000 13% 160,000 48%
Mississippi 359,000 42,000 12% 104,000 29% 106,000 29% 108,000 30%
North Carolina 1,138,000 152,000 13% 289,000 25% 452,000 40% 244,000 21%
Oklahoma 581,000 109,000 19% 144,000 25% 236,000 41% 91,000 16%
South Carolina 604,000 100,000 17% 186,000 31% 195,000 32% 123,000 20%
Tennessee 605,000 104,000 17% 127,000 21% 257,000 42% 118,000 19%
Texas 4,425,000 493,000 11% 1,035,000 23% 2,132,000 48% 766,000 17%
Virginia 804,000 77,000 10% 235,000 29% 361,000 45% 131,000 16%
West Virginia 116,000 56,000 48% 31,000 27% 29,000 25%
U.S. Excluding South 17,289,000 6,400,000 37%* 3,199,000 19%* 7,386,000 43% 304,000 2%*
Midwest 5,427,000 1,916,000 35%* 1,103,000 20%* 2,209,000 41% 198,000 4%*
Illinois 1,122,000 397,000 35% 166,000 15% 559,000 50%
Indiana 686,000 310,000 45% 128,000 19% 248,000 36%
Iowa 188,000 88,000 47% 30,000 16% 71,000 38%
Kansas 302,000 38,000 13% 83,000 28% 131,000 43%
Michigan 685,000 320,000 47% 147,000 21% 218,000 32%
Minnesota^ 364,000 126,000 35% 45,000 12% 193,000 53%
Missouri 516,000 52,000 10% 156,000 30% 198,000 38% 109,000 21%
Nebraska 178,000 16,000 9% 46,000 26% 90,000 50% 27,000 15%
North Dakota 64,000 24,000 37% 16,000 25% 24,000 38%
Ohio 834,000 404,000 48% 165,000 20% 264,000 32%
South Dakota 77,000 12,000 16% 22,000 29% 30,000 39% 13,000 17%
Wisconsin 410,000 129,000 32% 100,000 24% 181,000 44% & &
Northeast 4,249,000 1,612,000 38%* 818,000 19%* 1,795,000 42% 24,000 1%*
Connecticut 247,000 69,000 28% 62,000 25% 116,000 47%
Maine 121,000 18,000 15% 40,000 33% 39,000 32% 24,000 20%
Massachusetts 288,000 93,000 32% N/A N/A 147,000 51%
New Hampshire 94,000 37,000 39% 17,000 18% 41,000 43%
New Jersey 940,000 335,000 36% 131,000 14% 473,000 50%
New York^ 1,476,000 548,000 37% 317,000 21% 611,000 41%
Pennsylvania 994,000 477,000 48% 180,000 18% 338,000 34%
Rhode Island 55,000 27,000 49% 13,000 23% 15,000 27%
Vermont 34,000 8,000 24% 11,000 33% 15,000 43%
West 7,613,000 2,872,000 38%* 1,277,000 17%* 3,382,000 44%* 81,000 1%*
Alaska 100,000 51,000 51% 20,000 20% 29,000 29%
Arizona 808,000 368,000 46% 100,000 12% 341,000 42%
California 3,845,000 1,428,000 37% 623,000 16% 1,795,000 47%
Colorado 593,000 223,000 38% 104,000 18% 266,000 45%
Hawaii 70,000 35,000 50% N/A N/A 28,000 39%
Idaho 166,000 21,000 13% 43,000 26% 72,000 44% 30,000 18%
Montana 126,000 59,000 47% 27,000 22% 40,000 32%
Nevada 350,000 147,000 42% 61,000 17% 143,000 41%
New Mexico 233,000 109,000 47% 31,000 13% 94,000 40%
Oregon 307,000 122,000 40% N/A N/A 150,000 49%
Utah 337,000 66,000 20% 92,000 27% 138,000 41% 41,000 12%
Washington 621,000 238,000 38% 116,000 19% 267,000 43%
Wyoming 56,000 6,000 11% 19,000 34% 20,000 36% 11,000 19%
NOTES: Numbers may not sum to 100% due to rounding. N/A indiciates estimates do not meet minimum standards for statistical reliability. *Indicates the region has a statistically significant difference from the South at p<.05 level. Statistical comparisons not included for total United States or for individual states. +LA’s Governor has adopted the Medicaid expansion but coverage is not yet in effect. For this analysis, LA is considered an expansion state. ^Tax credit-eligible population in Minnesota and New York include uninsured adults who are eligible for coverage through the Basic Health Plan. & Wisconsin covers adults up to 100% FPL in Medicaid under a waiver but did not adopt the ACA expansion.
SOURCE: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis based on 2015 Current Population Survey data and 2015 Medicaid eligibility levels updated to reflect state Medicaid expansion decisions as of January 2016.
Table 6: Eligibility for Coverage Among the Nonelderly Uninsured in 2015 if All States Expanded Medicaid
State Total Uninsured Medicaid Eligible  Eligible for Tax Credits  Ineligible for Financial Assistance Due to Offer of ESI, Income, or Citizenship 
United States 32,339,000 13,542,000 42% 5,628,000 17% 13,169,000 41%
South 15,050,000 6,615,000 44% 2,602,000 17% 5,832,000 39%
Alabama 513,000 296,000 58% 95,000 18% 123,000 24%
Arkansas 285,000 127,000 44% 60,000 21% 98,000 34%
Delaware 63,000 22,000 35% 15,000 24% 25,000 40%
District of Columbia 42,000 20,000 48% N/A N/A 19,000 45%
Florida 2,788,000 1,179,000 42% 580,000 21% 1,030,000 37%
Georgia 1,524,000 675,000 44% 284,000 19% 564,000 37%
Kentucky 285,000 121,000 43% N/A N/A 119,000 42%
Louisiana 582,000 311,000 53% 117,000 20% 154,000 26%
Maryland 336,000 133,000 40% 43,000 13% 160,000 48%
Mississippi 359,000 199,000 55% 64,000 18% 96,000 27%
North Carolina 1,138,000 583,000 51% 140,000 12% 414,000 36%
Oklahoma 581,000 260,000 45% 98,000 17% 223,000 38%
South Carolina 604,000 289,000 48% 133,000 22% 182,000 30%
Tennessee 605,000 290,000 48% 76,000 13% 239,000 40%
Texas 4,425,000 1,727,000 39% 677,000 15% 2,022,000 46%
Virginia 804,000 328,000 41% 143,000 18% 334,000 41%
West Virginia 116,000 56,000 48% 31,000 27% 29,000 25%
U.S. Excluding South 17,289,000 6,926,000 40%* 3,026,000 18% 7,337,000 42%*
Midwest 5,427,000 2,261,000 42% 987,000 18% 2,179,000 40%
Illinois 1,122,000 397,000 35% 166,000 15% 559,000 50%
Indiana 686,000 310,000 45% 128,000 19% 248,000 36%
Iowa 188,000 88,000 47% 30,000 16% 71,000 38%
Kansas 302,000 134,000 44% 43,000 14% 125,000 41%
Michigan 685,000 320,000 47% 147,000 21% 218,000 32%
Minnesota^ 364,000 126,000 35% 45,000 12% 193,000 53%
Missouri 516,000 220,000 43% 110,000 21% 186,000 36%
Nebraska 178,000 51,000 29% 40,000 22% 87,000 49%
North Dakota 64,000 24,000 37% 16,000 25% 24,000 38%
Ohio 834,000 404,000 48% 165,000 20% 264,000 32%
South Dakota 77,000 31,000 40% 17,000 23% 29,000 37%
Wisconsin 410,000 156,000 38% 80,000 20% 174,000 42%
Northeast 4,249,000 1,649,000 39%* 809,000 19% 1,791,000 42%
Connecticut 247,000 69,000 28% 62,000 25% 116,000 47%
Maine 121,000 56,000 46% 31,000 25% 35,000 29%
Massachusetts 288,000 93,000 32% N/A N/A 147,000 51%
New Hampshire 94,000 37,000 39% 17,000 18% 41,000 43%
New Jersey 940,000 335,000 36% 131,000 14% 473,000 50%
New York^ 1,476,000 548,000 37% 317,000 21% 611,000 41%
Pennsylvania 994,000 477,000 48% 180,000 18% 338,000 34%
Rhode Island 55,000 27,000 49% 13,000 23% 15,000 27%
Vermont 34,000 8,000 24% 11,000 33% 15,000 43%
West 7,613,000 3,016,000 40%* 1,230,000 16% 3,367,000 44%*
Alaska 100,000 51,000 51% 20,000 20% 29,000 29%
Arizona 808,000 368,000 46% 100,000 12% 341,000 42%
California 3,845,000 1,428,000 37% 623,000 16% 1,795,000 47%
Colorado 593,000 223,000 38% 104,000 18% 266,000 45%
Hawaii 70,000 35,000 50% N/A N/A 28,000 39%
Idaho 166,000 67,000 40% 31,000 19% 68,000 41%
Montana 126,000 59,000 47% 27,000 22% 40,000 32%
Nevada 350,000 147,000 42% 61,000 17% 143,000 41%
New Mexico 233,000 109,000 47% 31,000 13% 94,000 40%
Oregon 307,000 122,000 40% N/A N/A 150,000 49%
Utah 337,000 147,000 44% 62,000 18% 129,000 38%
Washington 621,000 238,000 38% 116,000 19% 267,000 43%
Wyoming 56,000 23,000 41% 14,000 26% 19,000 33%
NOTES: Numbers may not sum to 100% due to rounding. N/A indiciates estimates do not meet minimum standards for statistical reliability. *Indicates the region has a statistically significant difference from the South at p<.05 level. Statistical comparisons not included for total United States or for individual states. ^Tax credit-eligible population in Minnesota and New York include uninsured adults who are eligible for coverage through the Basic Health Plan.
SOURCE: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis based on 2015 Current Population Survey data and 2015 Medicaid eligibility levels, updated to assume adoption of the Medicaid expansion to adults in all states.
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