The Affordable Care Act (ACA) requires new private health insurance plans to cover many recommended preventive services without any patient cost-sharing. For adults, the required services are recommended by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), and the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) based on recommendations issued by the Institute of Medicine Committee on Women’s Clinical Preventive Services. As new recommendations are issued or updated, coverage must commence in the next plan year that begins on or after exactly one year from the recommendation’s issue date.
This tracker presents up-to-date information on the adult preventive services nongrandfathered private plans must cover, by condition, including a summary of the recommendation, the target population, the effective date of coverage, and related federal coverage clarifications.
For more information, see the fact sheet Preventive Services Covered by Private Health Plans under the Affordable Care Act.
|Required Preventive Service||Target Population||Recommendation||Coverage Clarifications||Effective Date of Coverage
(plan year beginning on or after)
|Unhealthy Alcohol Use in Adolescents and Adults: Screening and Behavioral Counseling Interventions (USPSTF)||Adults 18 and older, including pregnant women||Screening for alcohol misuse in primary care settings. Clinicians recommended to provide persons engaged in risky or hazardous drinking with brief behavioral counseling interventions.||None||11/30/2019|
|Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for Cardiovascular Disease (CVD): Behavioral Counseling (USPSTF)||Adults with CVD risk factors||Clinician referral for overweight or obese adults who have other cardiovascular disease risk factors to behavioral counseling interventions for healthful diet and physical activity.||None||8/31/2015|
|Falls Prevention in Older Adults (USPSTF)||Community-dwelling adults, age 65+ at increased risk for falls||Exercise or physical therapy.||The 2018 recommendation updates the 2012 recommendation, which included Vitamin D supplementation.||
|Intimate Partner Violence Screening and Counseling (HRSA & USPSTF)||Women||Screening and counseling for interpersonal and domestic violence. Recommended that clinicians provide or refer women with positive screenings to intervention services.||Federal FAQ, Set 12, Q11: screening may consist of a few brief open-ended questions, and can be facilitated by the use of forms, brochures, or other tools. Counseling provides basic information and result in referrals.||HRSA: 8/1/2012 USPSTF: 1/31/2014|
|Screening for Anxiety
|Adolescent and Adult Women, including those who are pregnant or postpartum||Optimal screening intervals are unknown and clinical judgement should be used to determine screening frequency. Given the high prevalence of anxiety disorder, lack of recognition in clinical practice, and multiple problems associated with untreated anxiety, clinicians should consider screening women who have not been recently screened.||December 17, 2020|
|Adolescents 12-17 in a primary care setting.
Adults 18 and older, including pregnant and postpartum persons
|Screening by asking questions about unhealthy drug use in adults age 18 years or older.
Screening should be implemented when services for accurate diagnosis, effective treatment, and appropriate care can be offered or referred. (Screening refers to asking questions about unhealthy drug use, not testing biological specimens.)
|June 30, 2021|
|Tobacco Smoking Cessation: Behavioral and Pharmacotherapy Interventions (USPSTF)||All adults||Discussion with clinicians on tobacco use and cessation, behavioral interventions and FDA-approved pharmacotherapy for cessation to adults who use tobacco products.||Federal FAQ, Set 19, Q5: At least 2 cessation attempts per year covered without cost sharing. One “attempt” includes 4 counseling sessions of at least 10 minutes each, including telephone, group, and individual counseling without prior authorization; and all FDA-approved cessation medications for a 90 day regimen as prescribed by a clinician without prior authorization.||9/23/2010|
|Urinary Incontinence Screening (HRSA)||Women||Providers should screen women yearly for urinary incontinence. Screening should assess whether women experience urinary incontinence and whether it impacts their activities and quality of life. Providers should refer women for further evaluation and treatment if indicated.||12/29/2018|
|Well Woman Visit (HRSA)||Women||At least one visit annually for women to receive recommended preventive services that are age and developmentally appropriate, including preconception and prenatal care.||Federal FAQs: Set 12, Q10: multiple visits may be necessary, as determined by a clinician. Set 26, Q6 clarifies that prenatal and preconception care is part of a well-woman visit.||8/1/2012|