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Global Under-5 Child Mortality Halved Since 1990, But U.N. MDG Target Missed, Reports Show

News outlets highlight findings from two reports on child mortality, one from UNICEF, titled “A Promise Renewed: 2015 Progress Report,” and one from the WHO, UNICEF, the World Bank, and the UN-DESA Population Division, titled “Levels and trends in child mortality 2015.”

Agence France-Presse: Child deaths halved since 1990, but U.N. goal missed
“The number of deaths among children under five has halved globally since 1990 — well short of the U.N. goal of slashing infant mortality by two-thirds in 25 years, said data released Wednesday…” (9/9).

BBC News: Child mortality falls by 50% since 1990 — report
“Child mortality has fallen by more than 50 percent since 1990, a report by the World Health Organization and U.N. children’s agency UNICEF says. It says that 25 years ago 12.7 million children under five died, but this year the figure is projected to drop below six million for the first time…” (9/9).

Deutsche Welle: 16,000 children under five die every day
“The mortality rate among children under five fell globally from 91 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1990, to 43 per 1,000 in 2015, according to a new international report. Nearly half of infant deaths are tied to malnutrition, and 45 percent occur during the first 28 days of life…” (9/9).

The Guardian: Child mortality halved since 1990, but MDG goal missed, says UN report
“…Around a third of all countries (62) have reduced child mortality in line with the MDG goal of two-thirds, and another 74 have cut it by a half. In spite of low incomes, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Niger, Rwanda, Uganda, and Tanzania have all met the MDG target…” (Boseley, 9/8).

Newsweek: Global Child Mortality Halved Since 1990, but Thousands Still Die Every Day
“…With one child in 12 dying, sub-Saharan African countries have the highest under-five mortality rate, much higher than the rate of one in 147 children in high-income countries. In terms of numbers, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan contribute 40 percent of under-five deaths every year, while Angola, Chad, and Somalia have the highest child mortality rates in the world…” (Westcott, 9/8).

NPR: How Many Children Under 5 Die A Year In The U.S. Vs. Angola?
“… ‘A child born in a low-income country is, on average, 11 times as likely to die before the age of five as a child in a high-income country,’ according to the report…” (Beaubien, 9/8).

Thomson Reuters Foundation: Child death rates cut by half, but U.N. target missed
“… ‘We have to acknowledge tremendous global progress,’ said Geeta Rao Gupta, deputy executive director of the United Nations’ children’s fund (UNICEF). ‘But the far too large number of children still dying from preventable causes before their fifth birthday … should impel us to redouble our efforts to do what we know needs to be done’…” (D’Urso, 9/8).

VOA News: U.N.: Global Child Mortality Rates Show Steep Drop
“…The report … noted that the leading causes of child mortality include premature birth, pneumonia, complications during labor and delivery, diarrhea, sepsis, and malaria” (Schlein, 9/8).

Xinhua News: Under-five mortality falls by 53 pct: UNICEF report
“… ‘Saving the lives of millions of children in urban and rural settings, in wealthy and poor countries, is one of the first great achievements of the new millennium — and one of the biggest challenges of the next 15 years is to further accelerate this progress,’ said UNICEF Deputy Executive Director Yoka Brandt…” (9/9).

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