As the coronavirus spreads rapidly across the United States, private health insurers and government health programs could potentially be burdened with higher health care costs. However, the extent to which costs grow, and how the burden is distributed across payers, programs, individuals, and geography are still very much unknown.

A new issue brief, available in full on the Peterson-Kaiser Health System Tracker, explores some of the factors driving health costs upward and downward, as well as some special considerations for private insurers, Medicare, and Medicaid programs.

For more data, analysis, polling and journalism on the COVID-19 pandemic, visit our special resource page on KFF.org.