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Thawing Permafrost Enables Anthrax Outbreak In Remote Siberian Region

NPR: Anthrax Outbreak In Russia Thought To Be Result Of Thawing Permafrost
“Russia is fighting a mysterious anthrax outbreak in a remote corner of Siberia. Dozens of people are hospitalized; one child has died. The government airlifted some families out because more than 2,000 reindeer have been infected…” (Doucleff, 8/3).

Scientific American: “Zombie” Anthrax Goes on a Killing Spree in Siberia — How?
“…The anthrax currently infecting reindeer and people in western Siberia likely came from the carcass of a reindeer that died in an anthrax outbreak 75 years ago and has been frozen ever since — until an unusually warm summer thawed permafrost across the region this year, according to local officials…” (Pappas, 8/3).

Washington Post: Anthrax spreads from reindeer to humans in an outbreak at the ‘end of the world’
“…For most of the year, [the region] is frigid. Since July, however, something unusual has been afoot in Yamal: Temperatures have soared, reaching 95 degrees. In the ensuing thaw, the once-frozen carcasses of reindeer have attracted bacteria, including one that causes anthrax. So, for the first time since 1941, there is an anthrax outbreak…” (Bearak, 8/2).