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China To End One-Child Policy After 35 Years, According To Government Communique

Bloomberg News: China Drops One-Child Cap After Three Decades to Lift Growth
“China’s ruling Communist Party will abandon the one-child policy introduced in the late 1970s to defuse a demographic time bomb that threatens to choke growth in the world’s second-biggest economy…” (10/29).

Channel NewsAsia: China ends one-child policy: Xinhua
“China announced the end of its hugely controversial one-child policy on Thursday (Oct. 29), with the official Xinhua news agency saying that all couples would be allowed two children. It cited a communique issued by the ruling Communist Party after a four-day meeting in Beijing to chart the course of the world’s second largest economy over the next five years…” (10/29).

CNN: China says it will end one-child policy
“… ‘To promote a balanced growth of population, China will continue to uphold the basic national policy of population control and improve its strategy on population development,’ Xinhua reported, citing a communique issued by the ruling Communist Party. ‘China will fully implement the policy of “one couple, two children” in a proactive response to the issue of an aging population’…” (Jiang/Hanna, 10/29).

Financial Times: China to drop one-child policy — Xinhua
“…There had been speculation that the ruling Communist Party, under pressure to fend off a deeper slowdown and spur population growth, would drop the policy that was [implemented in 1980]…” (Waldmeir, 10/29).

The Guardian: China abandons one-child policy after 35 years
“…The government credits [the one-child policy] with preventing 400 million births, but the human cost has been immense, with forced sterilizations and abortions, infanticide, and a dramatic gender imbalance that means millions of men will never find female partners…” (Phillips, 10/29).

New York Times: China to End One-Child Policy, Allowing Families Two Children
“…Still, the cost and difficulty of child-rearing are likely to deter many eligible couples from having two children despite the relaxed rules, Mu Guangzong, a professor of demography at Peking University, said in a telephone interview…” (Buckley, 10/29).

Wall Street Journal: China Abandons One-Child Policy
“…China’s fertility rate, or the number of births per woman, was below the replacement level at 1.17 in 2013, according to the most recent data from the World Bank. Demographers have been urging Beijing to do more to thwart a predicted labor shortage, arguing that they should lift birth restrictions entirely…” (Tejada, 10/29).

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