This KFF CNN Mental Health Survey was designed and analyzed by public opinion researchers at the Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF) and CNN. The survey was conducted July 28-August 9, 2022, online and by telephone among a nationally representative sample of 2,004 U.S. adults. Interviews were conducted in English (n=1,942) and in Spanish (n=62). Sampling, data collection, weighting and tabulation were managed by SSRS of Glen Mills, PA in close collaboration with KFF researchers. Teams from KFF and CNN worked together to develop the questionnaire and analyze the data, and both organizations contributed financing for the survey.

The sample includes 1,603 adults reached online through the SSRS Opinion Panel, including an oversample of parents (n=398). The SSRS Opinion Panel is a nationally representative probability-based panel where panel members are recruited randomly in one of two ways: (a) Through invitations mailed to respondents randomly sampled from an Address-Based Sample (ABS) provided by Marketing Systems Groups (MSG) through the U.S. Postal Service’s Computerized Delivery Sequence (CDS); (b) from a dual-frame random digit dial (RDD) sample provided by MSG. For the online panel component, invitations were sent to panel members by email followed by up to 4 reminder emails. Another 401 interviews were conducted from a random digit dial telephone sample of prepaid cell phone numbers obtained through MSG. Phone numbers used for the prepaid cell phone component were randomly generated from a cell phone sampling frame with disproportionate stratification aimed at reaching Hispanic and non-Hispanic Black respondents. Stratification was based on incidence of the race/ethnicity groups within each frame.

The combined cell phone and panel samples were weighted to match the sample’s demographics to the national U.S. adult population using data from the Census Bureau’s 2021 Current Population Survey (CPS). Weighting parameters included sex, age, education, race/ethnicity, region, parental status, party ID, and education. The sample was also weighted to match patterns of civic engagement from the September 2017 Volunteering and Civic Life Supplement data from the CPS. The sample was also weighted to match frequency of internet use from the National Public Opinion Reference Survey (NPORS) for Pew Research Center.  The weights take into account differences in the probability of selection for each sample type (prepaid cell phone and panel). The party ID parameter is from an SSRS benchmarking study run in June and July 2022. This includes adjustment for the sample design and geographic stratification of the cell phone sample, within household probability of selection, and the design of the panel-recruitment procedure.

The margin of sampling error including the design effect for the full sample is plus or minus 3 percentage points. Numbers of respondents and margins of sampling error for key subgroups are shown in the table below. Sample sizes and margins of sampling error for other subgroups may be higher and are available by request. Sampling error is only one of many potential sources of error and there may be other unmeasured error in this or any other public opinion poll. KFF public opinion and survey research is a charter member of the Transparency Initiative of the American Association for Public Opinion Research.

Group N (unweighted) M.O.S.E.
Total 2,004 ± 3 percentage points
Race/Ethnicity
White, non-Hispanic 1,199 ± 4 percentage points
Black, non-Hispanic 364 ± 7 percentage points
Hispanic 299 ± 8 percentage points
Party identification
Democrat 796 ± 5 percentage points
Republican 456 ± 6 percentage points
Independent 626 ± 5 percentage points
 
Other key groups
Total parents 509 ± 6 percentage points
LGBT adults 192 ± 10 percentage points
Findings

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