Injectable Contraceptive Does Not Increase Risk Of HIV, Study Shows

The Guardian: Contraceptive injections do not increase risk of contracting HIV, study finds
“A landmark study has ended 30 years of anxiety that hormonal contraceptive injections may increase women’s chances of infection from HIV. But the study found a dramatically higher rate of HIV infection among women in southern Africa than was expected, which one leading campaigning organization said signified a public health crisis. … The new study, called ECHO (Evidence for Contraceptive Options and HIV Outcomes), published in The Lancet, … compared the HIV infection rates among women using hormonal injections with those using an IUD (intrauterine device or coil) or an implant. It involved more than 7,800 women in Eswatini, Kenya, South Africa, and Zambia…” (Boseley, 6/13).

Healio: ECHO trial: HIV risk does not differ by contraceptive method
“…The researchers found no substantial difference in HIV risk among the different contraceptive methods, and reported that all three methods were safe and highly effective. However, they noted that HIV incidence was high, underscoring the need for integration of HIV prevention within contraceptive services. … In a related editorial, Lisa Miyako Noguchi, PhD, MSN, an associate in the department of epidemiology at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and Princess Nothemba Simelela, MD, assistant director general for family, women, children and adolescents at WHO, called the results ‘largely reassuring’ but noted ‘substantial’ gaps in meeting the needs of women at risk for unplanned pregnancy and HIV infection…” (Ghizzone, 6/13).

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