KFF COVID-19 Vaccine Monitor

An ongoing research project tracking the public’s attitudes and experiences with COVID-19 vaccinations.

  • Four In Ten Parents Of Children Ages 12 To 17 Say Their Child Has Received At Least One Dose Of The COVID-19 Vaccine

    Among parents of children ages 12-17, for whom the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine is currently authorized, 41% now say their child has received at least one dose of a vaccine, up from 34% in June. An additional 6% of parents of 12-17 year-olds say they intend to get their child vaccinated “right away.” Nearly one quarter of parents (23%) say they want to “wait and see” how the vaccine is working before getting their adolescent child vaccinated, while one in ten (9%) say they will only get their child vaccinated “if their school requires it,” and one in five say they will “definitely not” vaccinate their child.

  • Four In Ten Parents Of Children Under 12 Say They Want To "Wait And See" Before Getting Their Child Vaccinated

    While uptake of COVID-19 vaccines among 12-17 year-olds has increased over time, parents continue to report a more cautious attitude when it comes to vaccinations for children younger than 12. About a quarter (26%) of parents of children between the ages of 5-11 say they will vaccinate their child “right away” once a vaccine is authorized for their age group, as do one in five parents with children under 5. Four in ten parents in each age group say they will “wait and see” how the vaccine is working before having their younger child vaccinated. One-quarter say they will “definitely not” get their 5-11 year-old vaccinated and three in ten parents say the same about their children under age 5.

  • In Their Own Words: Vast Majorities Of Those Who Wanted To Get Vaccinated ASAP Have Received Vaccine, As Have Slightly More Than Half Of Those Who Wanted To "Wait And See"

    Six months after being initially interviewed, the latest Monitor report recontacted individuals and found the vast majority (92%) of those who planned to get vaccinated “as soon as possible” in early 2021 have received at least one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine, as have slightly more than half (54%) of individuals who had previously said they wanted to “wait and see” before getting vaccinated. On the other hand, a majority (76%) of people who had previously said they would “only get vaccinated if required” or said they would “definitely not” get a COVID-19 vaccine remain unvaccinated.

  • In Their Own Words: Most Vaccine Behaviors Match What People Planned To Do Six Months Ago; One In Five Were Either Vaccine Hesitant Or Resistant And Have Gotten Vaccinated

    Half of those who are currently vaccinated had reported back in January that they either had already received a dose or were planning on getting vaccinated as soon as possible. An additional one in five adults (21%) are now vaccinated after saying in January they planned on waiting to get vaccinated, would only get it if required, or would definitely not get vaccinated. One-third of adults remain unvaccinated after either planning to get it as soon as possible or were going to wait and see back in January (17%) or had said they were only going to get vaccinated if required or were definitely not getting a COVID-19 vaccine (16%).

Target Population Groups
  • Increase In COVID-19 Vaccine Enthusiasm Slows Across Racial And Ethnic Groups

  • Democrats Remain Most Enthusiastic About COVID-19 Vaccine

  • Vaccine Intentions Uptake In Urban Areas Outpaces Suburban And Rural Areas

messages and information
  • Perceptions Of COVID-19 Vaccines Safety Have Not Significantly Changed Since April, With J&J Still Lowest Safety Confidence

    The percent of adults who say they are “very confident” or “somewhat confident” that each of the COVID-19 vaccines are safe has not changed significantly since April, with 74% believing the COVID-19 vaccines currently available in the U.S. are safe, similar to 71% in April. Similar shares say the same for the Pfizer vaccine (72%) and the Moderna vaccine (68%). A smaller share of the public is confident in the overall safety of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, but it remains unchanged since April (47%).

  • Some Black And Hispanic Adults Say News About The Possibility Of A Booster For The COVID-19 Vaccine Has Caused Them To Worry About COVID-19 Protection

    Among vaccinated adults who have heard or read at least a little about boosters for COVID-19, around a quarter (24%) say this news has caused them to worry that they may not be well-protected from coronavirus, even though they are vaccinated. That worry is significantly larger among vaccinated Black and Hispanic adults, with 36% of Black adults and 44% of Hispanic adults reporting concern compared to 17% of White adults. Three quarters of adults who have heard something about the boosters say this news has not caused them to worry about their protection from COVID-19.

  • Higher-Income Parents More Likely To Say Their Child’s School Has Provided COVID-19 Vaccine Information Or Encouraged Vaccination

    Among parents of children ages 12-17 who are enrolled in school for the upcoming school year, about four in ten (42%) say the school has provided them with information about how to get a COVID-19 vaccine for their child and a similar share (40%) say the school has encouraged parents to get their children vaccinated. Higher-income parents are more likely than those with lower incomes to say their child’s school did either of these things.

  • Parents Whose Child’s School Encouraged COVID-19 Vaccination Or Provided Information Are More Likely To Say Child Is Vaccinated

    Parents of 12-17 year-olds who say their child’s school provided information about COVID-19 vaccination are more likely than those whose school did not provide information to say their child has received a COVID-19 vaccine (58% vs. 32%). Similarly, about twice as many parents whose school encouraged vaccination report that their child is vaccinated compared to those whose schools did not (62% vs. 30%).

Concerns or Barriers
  • Most Unvaccinated Adults Say Getting Vaccinated Is A Bigger Risk To Their Health Than The Coronavirus

    Unvaccinated adults, especially those who say they will “definitely not” get a vaccine, are more likely to believe that getting the vaccine is a bigger risk to their own health than getting the virus. Half of unvaccinated adults and 75% of those who say they will "definitely not" get the vaccine say the vaccine poses a bigger risk to their health can becoming infected with coronavirus. Half of those unvaccinated adults who want to "wait and see" before getting vaccinated and the vast majority (88%) of vaccinated adults say the virus poses a bigger risk.

  • Majorities Of U.S. Adults Are Worried New Variants Will Lead To Worsening Of Pandemic

    Overall, nearly two-thirds of adults are worried the new variants of the coronavirus will lead to a worsening of the pandemic in the U.S., including 26% who are “very worried.” A majority are also worried that new variants will lead to a worsening of the pandemic in their local area. Fewer are worried they will personally get sick from a new variant of the coronavirus. Vaccinated people report higher levels of concerns than unvaccinated people about new variants of the coronavirus.

  • Most Workers Do Not Want Their Employer To Require COVID-19 Vaccination, But Vaccinated Workers Are Split

    Two-thirds of employed adults say their employer has encouraged workers to get vaccinated but most workers do not want their own employer to require vaccination, including the vast majority of unvaccinated workers (92%) as well as four in ten workers who are already vaccinated (42%).

  • More Than Half Say Colleges, Universities And K-12 Schools Should Require Students To Be Vaccinated; Fewer Parents Support K-12 Vaccination Requirements

    About half the public overall supports K-12 schools requiring COVID-19 vaccination, but most parents are opposed, with divisions along partisan lines. A somewhat larger share of the public (58%) says colleges and universities should require students to be vaccinated, including 58% of those who say they are currently undergraduate or graduate students.

  • More Than Half Of The Public Believe Or Are Unsure About Some Common COVID-19 Vaccine Myths

    The April KFF Vaccine Monitor finds that a majority of adults (54%) either believe some common misinformation about the COVID-19 vaccines or are unsure whether these things are true or false. About one in four believe or are unsure whether you can get COVID-19 from the vaccine and one in five believe or are unsure whether those who have already had COVID-19 should not get vaccinated, whether the vaccines contain fetal cells, have been shown to cause infertility, or that the vaccine can change your DNA. Among younger adults ages 18 to 29, four in ten (42%) say they have heard that the COVID-19 has been shown to cause infertility, and about one in four either are unsure if that is true (22%) or believe that is true (5%).

  • Majorities Of Women, Independents, Republicans And Younger Adults Believe Or Are Unsure About At Least One Myth About The Vaccine

    A larger share of women (58%) than men (50%) believe or be unsure about at least one common myth surrounding the COVID-19 vaccine. Likewise, younger adults are more likely than those 65 and older to believe or be unsure about a vaccine myth. Across partisans, majorities of Republicans (58%) and independents (56%) believe or are unsure about at least one vaccine myth, compared to a smaller share of Democrats (43%).

  • Doctor's Offices, Pharmacies Top Locations Where People Would Prefer To Get COVID-19 Vaccine

    With COVID-19 vaccines increasingly becoming available at different locations across the U.S., we examined which locations people say they’d be willing to visit to get a COVID-19 vaccine, as well as the locations they would most prefer as vaccination sites. Individual doctor’s offices were at the top of both lists, but a range of locations were acceptable and preferred by different individuals

  • Personal Doctors And Pediatricians Are The Most Trusted Source For Reliable COVID-19 Vaccine Information

    When asked who they trust to provide reliable information about the COVID-19 vaccines, personal doctors, including pediatricians, top the list, with 83% of adults saying they trust their own doctor a great deal or a fair amount and 85% of parents saying the same about their child’s pediatrician. Employers and health insurance companies also garner a high degree of trust, with 72% of workers saying they trust their employer and 73% of those with health insurance saying they trust their insurer to provide reliable vaccine information. About seven in ten each say they trust the CDC (71%), the FDA (69%), and their local public health department (69%).


KFF COVID-19 Vaccine Monitor is an ongoing research project tracking the public’s attitudes and experiences with COVID-19 vaccinations. Using a combination of surveys and qualitative research, the Monitor tracks the dynamic nature of public opinion as vaccine development and distribution unfold, including vaccine confidence and acceptance, information needs, trusted messengers and messages, as well as the public’s experiences with vaccination. A list of all Vaccine Monitor reports is available here.

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Filling the need for trusted information on national health issues, the Kaiser Family Foundation is a nonprofit organization based in San Francisco, California.