Black Americans and HIV/AIDS: The Basics

Key Facts

Figure 1: New HIV Diagnoses & U.S. Population, by Race/Ethnicity, 2017

Overview

Figure 2: Rates of New HIV Diagnoses per 100,000, by Race/Ethnicity, 2017

Transmission25,26

Women and Young People

Gay and Bisexual Men

Geography

Figure 3: Number of Black Adults/Adolescents Estimated to be Living with an HIV Diagnosis, Top 10 States, year-end 2016

HIV Testing and Access to Prevention & Care

Endnotes
  1. CDC. Special Data Request; 2006.

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  2. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2017 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  3. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2017 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  4. CDC. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report, Monitoring Selected National HIV Prevention and Care Objectives by Using HIV Surveillance Data, Vol. 23, No. 4; June 2018.

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  5. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2017 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  6. CDC. Fact Sheet: HIV Among African Americans; July 2018.

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  7. CDC. Fact Sheet: HIV Among African Americans; July 2018.

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  8. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2017 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  9. CDC. Fact Sheet: HIV Among African Americans; July 2018.

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  10. CDC. NCHHSTP Atlas Plus. Accessed January 2019.

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  11. CDC. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report, Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the United States 2010-2015, Vol. 23, No. 1; March 2018.

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  12. CDC. Fact Sheet: HIV Among African Americans; July 2018.

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  13. Includes those diagnosed as well as estimates for those undiagnosed.

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  14. KFF. State Health Facts; accessed January 2019.

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  15. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2017 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  16. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. Estimates for 2017 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  17. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. Estimates for 2017 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  18. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2017 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  19. CDC. NCHHSTP Atlas Plus. Accessed February 2018.

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  20. CDC. NCHHSTP Atlas Plus. Accessed February 2018.

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  21. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2016 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  22. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2016 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  23. CDC. NCHS. Deaths: Leading Causes for 2016; July 2018.

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  24. CDC. NCHS. Health, United States, 2017; September 2018.

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  25. CDC. Slide Set: HIV Surveillance by Race/Ethnicity (through 2017).

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  26. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2017 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  27. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2017 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  28. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas.

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  29. CDC. NCHHSTP Atlas Plus. Accessed January 2019.

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  30. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2017 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  31. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2017 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  32. KFF. National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; November 2017.

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  33. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2017 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  34. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2017 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  35. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2017 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  36. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2017 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  37. CDC. HIV Incidence: Estimated Annual Infections in the U.S., 2008-2014; February 2017.

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  38. CDC. HIV Surveillance Special Report, HIV Infection Risk, Prevention, and Testing Behaviors among Men Who Have Sex With Men. National HIV Behavioral Surveillance, 20 U.S. Cities, 2014, No. 15; January 2016.

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  39. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2017 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  40.  CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017, Vol. 29; November 2018. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2017 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  41. KFF. Kaiser Health Tracking Poll; July 2014.

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  42. CDC. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report, Monitoring Selected National HIV Prevention and Care Objectives by Using HIV Surveillance Data, Vol. 23, No. 4; June 2018.

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  43. CDC. National Black HIV/AIDS Awareness Day Social Media Resources; accessed February 2019.

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  44. CDC. Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Sustained Viral Suppression and Transmission Risk Potential Among Persons Receiving HIV Care — United States, 2014; MMWR, Vol. 67, No. 4; February 2018.

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