The HIV/AIDS Epidemic in the United States: The Basics

Key Facts

Table 1: Key Snapshot of the U.S. Epidemic Today
  • Number of new HIV infections: 38,500
  • Number of people living with HIV: 1+ million
  • Percent of people infected with HIV who don’t know it: 14%
  • Percent of people with HIV who are virally suppressed: 49%
Overview

Impact Across the Country

Table 2: Top Ten States/Areas by Number and Rate of New HIV Diagnoses (Adults and Adolescents), 2016
State New HIV Diagnoses, Number (%) State/Area New HIV Diagnoses, per 100,000
California 4,961 (12%) District of Columbia 55.6
Florida 4,940 (12%) Georgia 31.8
Texas 4,464 (11%) Louisiana 29.7
New York 2,875 (7%) Florida 28.0
Georgia 2,709 (7%) Maryland 21.7
North Carolina 1,404 (3%) Nevada 21.4
Illinois 1,384 (3%) Texas 19.8
Louisiana 1,151 (3%) South Carolina 18.1
Pennsylvania 1,150 (3%) Puerto Rico 17.8
New Jersey 1,143 (3%) New York 17.2
Subtotal 26,181 (65%)
U.S. Total 40,200 (100%) U.S. Rate 14.7

Impact on Racial and Ethnic Minorities

Figure 1: New HIV Diagnoses & U.S. Population, by Race/Ethnicity, 2016

Impact on Women

Impact on Young People

Impact on Gay and Bisexual Men

The U.S. Government Response

Endnotes
  1. CDC. MMWR, Vol. 30, No. 21; June 1981.

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  2. CDC. Supplemental Surveillance Report. Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the United States 2010–2015. Vol 23. No. 1. 2018

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  3. CDC. HIV in the United States: At a Glance; November 2017.

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  4. CDC. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report, Monitoring Selected National HIV Prevention and Care Objectives by Using HIV Surveillance Data, Vol. 22, No. 2; July 2017.

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  5. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, Vol. 28; November 2017. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2016 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  6. CDC. HIV in the United States: At a Glance; November 2017.

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  7. CDC. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report, Monitoring Selected National HIV Prevention and Care Objectives by Using HIV Surveillance Data, Vol. 22, No. 2; July 2017.

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  8. CDC. Supplemental Surveillance Report. Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the United States 2010–2015. Vol 23. No. 1. 2018

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  9. DHHS. Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in HIV-1-Infected Adults and Adolescents; updated October 2017.

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  10. CDC. HIV Treatment as Prevention; updated November 2017.

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  11. CDC. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report, Monitoring Selected National HIV Prevention and Care Objectives by Using HIV Surveillance Data, Vol. 22, No. 2; October 2017.

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  12. CDC. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report, Monitoring Selected National HIV Prevention and Care Objectives by Using HIV Surveillance Data, Vol. 22, No. 2; October 2017.

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  13. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, Vol. 28; November 2017. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2016 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  14. CDC. Supplemental Surveillance Report. Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the United States 2010–2015. Vol 23. No. 1. 2018

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  15. CDC. NCHS. Health, United States, 2016; May 2017.

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  16. CDC. NCHS. Deaths: Leading Causes for 2015; November 2017.

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  17. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, Vol. 28; November 2017. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2016 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  18. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, Vol. 28; November 2017. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2016 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  19. CDC. HIV Surveillance—Epidemiology of HIV Infection (through 2016); November 2017.

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  20. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, Vol. 28; November 2017. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2016 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  21. CDC. HIV Surveillance—Epidemiology of HIV Infection (through 2016); November 2017.

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  22. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, Vol. 28; November 2017. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2016 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  23. CDC. Supplemental Surveillance Report. Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the United States 2010–2015. Vol 23. No. 1. 2018

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  24. CDC. MMWR, Vol. 55, No. RR14; September 2006.

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  25. KFF. HIV Testing in the United States; June 2017.

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  26. DHHS. Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in HIV-1-Infected Adults and Adolescents; updated October 2017.

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  27. AIDSinfo, Statement by the HHS Panel on Antiretroviral Guidelines for Adults and Adolescents Regarding Results from the START and TEMPRANO Trials; July 2015.

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  28. CDC. HIV Treatment as Prevention; updated November 2017.

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  29. CDC. Supplemental Surveillance Report. Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the United States 2010–2015. Vol 23. No. 1. 2018.; CDC. Selected National HIV Prevention and Care Outcomes (2014, 2015).

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  30. Bradley H et al. Increased HIV viral suppression among US adults receiving medical care, 2009-2013, Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI), Boston, abstract 53; 2016.

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  31. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, Vol. 28; November 2017. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2016 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  32. Table includes data on HIV diagnoses among adults and adolescents and reflects data from U.S. dependent areas.

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  33. CDC. Atlas Plus. See: https://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/nchhstpatlas/main.html.

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  34. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, Vol. 28; November 2017. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2016 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  35. CDC. Atlas Plus. See: https://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/nchhstpatlas/main.html.

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  36. CDC. Atlas Plus. See: https://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/nchhstpatlas/main.html.

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  37. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, Vol. 28; November 2017. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2016 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  38. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, Vol. 28; November 2017. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2016 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  39. CDC. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report, Monitoring Selected National HIV Prevention and Care Objectives by Using HIV Surveillance Data, Vol. 22, No. 2; July 2017.

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  40. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, Vol. 28; November 2017. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2016 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  41. KFF. State Health Facts; accessed November 2017.

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  42. CDC. Supplemental Surveillance Report. Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the United States 2010–2015. Vol 23. No. 1. 2018.;

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  43. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, Vol. 28; November 2017. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2016 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  44. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, Vol. 28; November 2017. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2016 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  45. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, Vol. 28; November 2017. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2016 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  46. CDC. NCHS. Health, United States, 2016; May 2017.

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  47. CDC. NCHS. Deaths: Leading Causes for 2015; November 2017.

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  48. CDC. NCHS. Deaths: Leading Causes for 2015; November 2017.

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  49. CDC. Supplemental Surveillance Report. Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the United States 2010–2015. Vol 23. No. 1. 2018.

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  50. CDC. Supplemental Surveillance Report. Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the United States 2010–2015. Vol 23. No. 1. 2018.

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  51. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, Vol. 28; November 2017. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2016 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  52. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, Vol. 28; November 2017. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2016 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  53. CDC. Slide Set: HIV Surveillance – Adolescents and Young Adults (through 2015).

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  54. CDC. Slide Set: HIV Surveillance – Adolescents and Young Adults (through 2015).

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  55. CDC. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report, Monitoring Selected National HIV Prevention and Care Objectives by Using HIV Surveillance Data, Vol. 22, No. 2; July 2017.

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  56. Nesheim S et al. “A Framework for Elimination of Perinatal Transmission of HIV in the United States.” Pediatrics, Vol. 130, No. 4; September 2012.

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  57. Whitmore SK et al. “Correlates of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in the United States and Puerto Rico.” Pediatrics, Vol. 129, No. 1; January 2012.

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  58. KFF. National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; November 2017.

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  59. KFF analysis of CDC data.

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  60. CDC. HIV in the United States: At a Glance; November 2017.

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  61. CDC. Supplemental Surveillance Report. Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the United States 2010–2015. Vol 23. No. 1. 2018.

    ← Return to text

  62. CDC. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report, Monitoring Selected National HIV Prevention and Care Objectives by Using HIV Surveillance Data, Vol. 22, No. 2; July 2017.

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  63. CDC. Supplemental Surveillance Report. Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the United States 2010–2015. Vol 23. No. 1. 2018.;

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  64. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, Vol. 28; November 2017. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2016 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  65. CDC. Lifetime Risk of HIV Diagnosis; February 2016.

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  66. CDC. HIV Surveillance Report, Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2016, Vol. 28; November 2017. HIV diagnosis data are estimates from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 6 U.S. dependent areas. Estimates for 2016 are preliminary and are not included in trend calculations.

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  67. CDC. HIV Surveillance Special Report, HIV Infection Risk, Prevention, and Testing Behaviors among Men Who Have Sex With Men. National HIV Behavioral Surveillance, 20 U.S. Cities, 2014, No. 15; January 2016.

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  68. CDC. HIV Surveillance Special Report, HIV Infection Risk, Prevention, and Testing Behaviors among Men Who Have Sex With Men. National HIV Behavioral Surveillance, 20 U.S. Cities, 2014, No. 15; January 2016.

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  69. KFF. U.S. Federal Funding for HIV/AIDS: Trends Over Time; November 2017.

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  70. KFF. The Affordable Care Act, the Supreme Court, and HIV: What Are the Implications? September 2012.

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  71. KFF. The ACA and People with HIV: An Update; May 2016.

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