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Expanding Postpartum Medicaid Coverage

Table 1: Medicaid Income Eligibility Limits for Pregnant Women, Parents, and Family Planning Expansions, by State
State Pregnant Women Parents
(in a family of three)
Family Planning Programs
Medicaid CHIP Unborn-Child Options
Alabama 146% 18% 146%*
Alaska 205% 138%
Arizona 161% 138%
Arkansas 214% 214% 138%
California 213% 322% 138% 200%
Colorado 200% 265% 138%
Connecticut 263% 155% 263%
Delaware 217% 138%
DC 324% 221%
Florida 196% 32% Losing coverage for any reason
Georgia 225% 35% 200%*
Hawaii 196% 138%
Idaho# 138% 138%
Illinois 213% 213% 138%
Indiana 218% 139% 146%
Iowa 380% 138% 300%
Kansas 171% 38%
Kentucky 200% 138%
Louisiana 138% 214% 138% 138%
Maine 214% 105% 214%
Maryland 264% 138% 200%*
Massachusetts 205% 205% 138%
Michigan 200% 200% 138%
Minnesota 283% 283% 138% 200%
Mississippi 199% 26% 199%*
Missouri 201% 305% 305% 21% 185%
Montana 162% 138% 216%*
Nebraska# 199% 202% 138%
Nevada 165% 138%
New Hampshire 201% 138% 201%
New Jersey 199% 205% 138%
New Mexico 255% 138% 255%
New York 223% 138% 223%*
North Carolina 201% 42% 200%
North Dakota 152% 138%
Ohio 205% 138%
Oklahoma 138% 210% 42% 138%*
Oregon 190% 190% 138% 250%
Pennsylvania 220% 138% 220%
Rhode Island 195% 258% 258% 138% Losing coverage postpartum
South Carolina 199% 67% 199%
South Dakota 138% 49%
Tennessee 200% 255% 95%
Texas 203% 207% 17% 185%
Utah# 144% 138%
Vermont 213% 138% 200%
Virginia 148% 205% 38% 205%*
Washington 198% 198% 138% 260%*
West Virginia 163% 138%
Wisconsin 306% 306% 100% 306%
Wyoming 159% 54% Losing coverage postpartum
NOTES: “—“ means not applicable. Eligibility levels are reported as percentage of the federal poverty level (FPL), and reflect Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI)-converted income standards. All eligibility levels include a disregard equal to five percentage points of FPL for the highest income level for Medicaid or CHIP coverage. The 2019 FPL for a family of three was $21,330. In some states, eligibility limits for Section 1931 parents are based on a dollar threshold. The values listed represent the truncated FPL equivalents calculated from these dollar limits. #ID, NE, UT have all adopted Medicaid expansion under the ACA, but have not yet implemented it, so parent eligibility thresholds based on future implementation. IA, MO, TX, and VT have entirely state funded programs to provide family planning services. *State also extends Medicaid eligibility for family planning services to people losing full-benefit coverage after the end of the postpartum period. FP expansion eligibility ceilings include 5% FPL “disregard” to applicant’s income
SOURCES: Eligibility limits based on a national survey conducted by the Kaiser Program on Medicaid and the Uninsured with the Georgetown University Center for Children and Families, 2019.
Guttmacher Institute. State Laws and Policies, Medicaid Family Planning Eligibility Expansions. As of May 2019.
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