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Understanding the Intersection of Medicaid and Work

Table 1: Family and Own Work Status of Non-SSI, Nonelderly Adult Medicaid Enrollees, 2016
State Share in Working Family Share Working Themselves
Expansion states (median) 79% 62%
Alaska 76% 57%
Arizona 81% 62%
Arkansas 73% 57%
California 84% 62%
Colorado 86% 70%
Connecticut 81% 70%
Delaware 77% 60%
DC 73% 58%
Hawaii 74% 51%
Illinois 81% 64%
Indiana 75% 58%
Iowa 87% 72%
Kentucky 74% 62%
Louisiana 69% 52%
Maryland 87% 66%
Massachusetts 80% 67%
Michigan 75% 60%
Minnesota 84% 66%
Montana 81% 67%
Nevada 78% 65%
New Hampshire 77% 65%
New Jersey 84% 53%
New Mexico 80% 60%
New York 78% 57%
North Dakota 60% 49%
Ohio 72% 61%
Oregon 85% 69%
Pennsylvania 79% 64%
Rhode Island 76% 68%
Vermont 80% 69%
Washington 80% 62%
West Virginia 69% 53%
Non-expansion states (median) 74% 58%
Alabama 65% 43%
Florida 78% 61%
Georgia 75% 58%
Idaho 80% 59%
Kansas 86% 69%
Maine* 74% 64%
Mississippi 65% 47%
Missouri 71% 60%
Nebraska 81% 59%
North Carolina 76% 57%
Oklahoma 67% 51%
South Carolina 73% 51%
South Dakota 69% 55%
Tennessee 77% 57%
Texas 76% 49%
Utah 81% 63%
Virginia 67% 48%
Wisconsin 74% 62%
Wyoming 74% 62%
Note: * Maine adopted the Medicaid expansion through a ballot initiative in November 2017; due to uncertainty over the exact date of implementation, Maine is still categorized as a non-expansion state in this analysis.
Source: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of March 2017 Current Population Survey.
Table 2: Own Work Status of Non-SSI, Nonelderly Adult Medicaid Enrollees, 2016
Total Share Who Worked in 2016 Share Who Did Not Work in 2016
Total   24,580,000 60% 40%
Age

 

 

Under 26  5,379,000 62% 38%
26 – 45 11,449,000 67% 33%
46 or older  7,751,000 50% 50%
Sex

 

Male 10,718,000 65% 35%
Female 13,862,000 56% 44%
Race/Ethnicity

 

 

 

 

 

White Non-Hispanic 11,478,000 59% 41%
Black Non-Hispanic  4,035,000 57% 43%
Hispanic  6,658,000 63% 37%
Asian, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander  1,626,000 62% 38%
American Indian or Alaska Native  320,000 45% 55%
Multiple Races  463,000 68% 32%
Education

 

 

 

Less than High School  4,488,000 51% 49%
High School Graduate  9,185,000 58% 42%
Some College  7,395,000 64% 36%
Bachelor’s Degree or Higher  3,513,000 69% 31%
Geographic Region

 

 

 

Northeast  5,104,000 61% 39%
Midwest  5,095,000 62% 38%
South  6,465,000 55% 45%
West  7,915,000 63% 37%
Metro Status

 

Non-Metro*  3,720,000 58% 42%
Metro 20,860,000 61% 39%
Family Type

 

 

 

 

 

 

One Parent with Children  2,336,000 73% 27%
Two Parents with Children  4,815,000 68% 32%
Multi-generational  1,824,000 58% 42%
Married Adults  2,702,000 55% 45%
Adults Living Together  4,688,000 52% 48%
Single Person  4,513,000 56% 44%
Other  3,704,000 62% 38%
Family Work Status

 

 

 

Multiple Full-Time Workers in Family  4,888,000 86% 14%
One Full-Time Worker in Family 10,947,000 71% 29%
Only Part-Time Workers in Family  3,519,000 81% 19%
No Workers in Family  5,226,000 0% 100%
Self-Reported Health

 

 

Excellent/Very Good 11,866,000 70% 30%
Good  7,705,000 63% 37%
Fair/Poor  5,009,000 33% 67%
* Includes people in not-identified areas
SOURCE: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of March 2017 Current Population Survey.
Table 3: Characteristics of Working Nonelderly Adult (19-64) Medicaid Enrollees, 2016
Total   14,802,000
Work Status

 

 

 

 

 

Full-Time* 69%
Full-Time, Full-Year 51%
Full-Time, Part-Year 19%
Part-Time 31%
Part-Time, Full-Year 16%
Part-Time, Part-Year 15%
Number of Weeks Worked During the Year

 

 

1-12 weeks 8%
13-25 weeks 8%
26-38 weeks 9%
39-51 weeks 12%
52 weeks 64%
Firm Size

 

 

< 50 employees 42%
50 – 99 employees 8%
100+ employees 51%
* Full-Time is based on total number of hours worked per week (at least 35 hours). Full-time workers may be simultaneously working more than one-job.

SOURCE: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of March 2017 Current Population Survey.

Issue Brief

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