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Understanding the Intersection of Medicaid and Work

Appendix Table 1: Family and Own Work Status of Non-SSI, Nonelderly Adult Medicaid Enrollees, 2016
Family Work Status Own Work Status
Total #
Non-SSI, Nonelderly Adult Medicaid Enrollees
No Worker in Family Full-Time Worker in Family Part-Time Worker in Family Not Working Working
Full-Time
Working
Part-Time
US TOTAL  24,580,000 21% 64% 14% 40% 42% 18%
ALABAMA  308,000 35% 58% 8% 57% 31% 12%
ALASKA  69,000 24% 61% 15% 43% 39% 19%
ARIZONA  636,000 19% 63% 18% 38% 41% 21%
ARKANSAS  178,000 27% 60% 13% 43% 40% 17%
CALIFORNIA  4,777,000 16% 69% 14% 38% 44% 18%
COLORADO  361,000 14% 73% 13% 30% 54% 16%
CONNECTICUT  337,000 19% 60% 21% 30% 47% 23%
DELAWARE  103,000 23% 67% 9% 40% 43% 17%
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA  88,000 27% 62% 11% 42% 46% 12%
FLORIDA  1,069,000 22% 67% 12% 39% 44% 18%
GEORGIA  398,000 25% 65% NA 42% 40% 18%
HAWAII  96,000 26% 57% 18% 49% 32% 19%
IDAHO  87,000 20% 69% 11% 41% 41% 18%
ILLINOIS  1,040,000 19% 68% 13% 36% 46% 19%
INDIANA  541,000 25% 64% 11% 42% 45% 14%
IOWA  245,000 13% 66% 20% 28% 45% 27%
KANSAS  107,000 14% 68% 18% 31% 47% 21%
KENTUCKY  337,000 26% 64% NA 38% 47% 14%
LOUISIANA  421,000 31% 54% 15% 48% 34% 18%
MAINE  100,000 26% 52% 22% 36% 39% 25%
MARYLAND  390,000 NA 74% 12% 34% 51% 16%
MASSACHUSETTS  776,000 20% 64% 16% 33% 46% 21%
MICHIGAN  967,000 25% 61% 14% 40% 42% 18%
MINNESOTA  354,000 16% 73% 10% 34% 48% 18%
MISSISSIPPI  182,000 35% 57% 9% 53% 35% 12%
MISSOURI  285,000 29% 61% 10% 40% 44% 16%
MONTANA  86,000 19% 64% 16% 33% 46% 21%
NEBRASKA  65,000 19% 65% 16% 41% 40% NA
NEVADA  216,000 22% 66% 12% 35% 46% 18%
NEW HAMPSHIRE  56,000 23% 66% NA 35% 41% 24%
NEW JERSEY  639,000 16% 69% 15% 47% 37% 16%
NEW MEXICO  306,000 20% 63% 17% 40% 40% 20%
NEW YORK  2,114,000 22% 66% 13% 43% 39% 18%
NORTH CAROLINA  520,000 24% 60% 16% 43% 39% 18%
NORTH DAKOTA  28,000 40% 47% 12% 51% 33% 16%
OHIO  1,121,000 28% 58% 15% 39% 40% 21%
OKLAHOMA  203,000 33% 53% NA 49% 35% 16%
OREGON  459,000 15% 74% 11% 31% 53% 16%
PENNSYLVANIA  942,000 21% 60% 19% 36% 41% 23%
RHODE ISLAND  87,000 24% 60% 16% 32% 44% 24%
SOUTH CAROLINA  280,000 27% 63% NA 49% 41% 11%
SOUTH DAKOTA  38,000 31% 48% 21% 45% 36% 19%
TENNESSEE  482,000 23% 61% 16% 43% 37% 20%
TEXAS  1,016,000 24% 63% 13% 51% 33% 16%
UTAH  97,000 NA 63% 18% 37% 39% 24%
VERMONT  54,000 20% 59% 20% 31% 47% 22%
VIRGINIA  298,000 33% 53% NA 52% 35% 12%
WASHINGTON  705,000 20% 62% 18% 38% 38% 23%
WEST VIRGINIA  194,000 31% 54% 15% 47% 38% 15%
WISCONSIN  303,000 26% 51% 24% 38% 37% 25%
WYOMING  20,000 26% 59% 15% 38% 38% 24%
Notes: NA= estimate does not meet minimum standard for statistical reliability.  Full-Time is based on total number of hours worked per week (at least 35 hours). Full-time workers may be simultaneously working more than one-job. Note that total number of non-elderly, non-SSI adults from survey data may be lower than state administrative data.
Source: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of March 2017 Current Population Survey.
Appendix Table 2: Reason for Not Working Among Non-SSI, Nonelderly Adult Medicaid Enrollees, 2016
Ill or Disabled Caretaking Attending School Other Reason
US TOTAL 36% 30% 15% 19%
ALABAMA 41% 23% 14% 22%
ALASKA 26% 26% NA 21%
ARIZONA 37% 34% NA 19%
ARKANSAS 53% 27% NA 14%
CALIFORNIA 28% 36% 18% 17%
COLORADO 36% 30% NA NA
CONNECTICUT 35% 30% 22% NA
DELAWARE 42% 21% 13% 24%
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 26% 27% 19% 28%
FLORIDA 36% 29% 14% 21%
GEORGIA 47% 28% NA NA
HAWAII 33% 32% NA 26%
IDAHO 39% 26% NA 24%
ILLINOIS 36% 26% 14% 24%
INDIANA 47% 26% NA 23%
IOWA 37% 30% 14% NA
KANSAS 42% NA NA NA
KENTUCKY 51% 27% NA NA
LOUISIANA 29% 27% 23% 21%
MAINE 52% 33% NA NA
MARYLAND 39% NA 17% NA
MASSACHUSETTS 42% 22% 9% 27%
MICHIGAN 39% 31% 12% 18%
MINNESOTA 35% NA NA 33%
MISSISSIPPI 48% 24% NA NA
MISSOURI 54% 31% NA NA
MONTANA 37% 33% 18% NA
NEBRASKA 40% NA NA NA
NEVADA 28% 39% NA NA
NEW HAMPSHIRE 49% NA NA 27%
NEW JERSEY 27% 23% 31% 19%
NEW MEXICO 29% 33% 19% 19%
NEW YORK 26% 28% 24% 22%
NORTH CAROLINA 40% 31% 20% NA
NORTH DAKOTA 32% NA NA NA
OHIO 58% 30% NA NA
OKLAHOMA 29% 40% NA 18%
OREGON 24% 39% NA 23%
PENNSYLVANIA 45% 19% 15% 21%
RHODE ISLAND 37% 29% NA 32%
SOUTH CAROLINA 52% 32% NA NA
SOUTH DAKOTA 29% NA NA NA
TENNESSEE 41% 27% 17% 15%
TEXAS 33% 35% 14% 17%
UTAH 39% 36% NA NA
VERMONT 56% 29% NA NA
VIRGINIA 46% 27% NA NA
WASHINGTON 29% 26% 15% 29%
WEST VIRGINIA 41% 34% 12% 14%
WISCONSIN 43% 39% NA NA
WYOMING 62% 30% NA NA
Notes: NA= estimate does not meet minimum standard for statistical reliability.
Source: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of March 2017 Current Population Survey.
Appendix Table 3: Characteristics of Working Nonelderly Adult Medicaid Enrollees, 2016
Firm Size Industry
<50 Employees 50-99 Employees 100+ Employees Agricult./ Service Educ./ Health Prof/Public Admin Manufacturing Top Industry
US TOTAL 42% 8% 51% 40% 21% 18% 14% Restaurants/Food Service
ALABAMA 34% NA 61% 40% 19% NA 26% NA
ALASKA 51% NA 41% 43% 23% 13% 11% Construction
ARIZONA 44% 6% 50% 44% 16% 24% 13% Construction
ARKANSAS 45% NA 48% 26% 30% 22% 13% NA
CALIFORNIA 47% 8% 45% 42% 17% 19% 15% Restaurants/Food Service
COLORADO 44% NA 52% 39% 16% 21% NA NA
CONNECTICUT 30% NA 60% 37% 28% 19% 15% Construction
DELAWARE 30% NA 61% 48% 21% 20% NA Restaurants/Food Service
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 31% 10% 59% 34% 27% 26% 6% Restaurants/Food Service
FLORIDA 40% 5% 55% 46% 18% 21% 8% Restaurants/Food Service
GEORGIA 36% NA 58% 42% 17% 21% NA NA
HAWAII 58% NA 38% 45% 18% 14% NA NA
IDAHO 39% NA 52% 39% 27% 19% NA NA
ILLINOIS 37% 9% 54% 40% 20% 16% 18% Restaurants/Food Service
INDIANA 33% 9% 58% 25% 18% 23% 27% NA
IOWA 33% NA 60% 35% 21% 19% 23% Elementary/Secondary Schools
KANSAS 39% NA 53% 39% 25% NA NA NA
KENTUCKY 47% NA 48% 43% 16% 21% 14% NA
LOUISIANA 37% 9% 53% 44% 24% 14% 11% Restaurants/Food Service
MAINE 52% NA 43% 57% 27% NA NA NA
MARYLAND 41% NA 55% 37% 27% 22% NA Restaurants/Food Service
MASSACHUSETTS 39% 10% 51% 40% 26% 18% 10% Restaurants/Food Service
MICHIGAN 37% 10% 53% 33% 23% 16% 19% Restaurants/Food Service
MINNESOTA 35% 13% 52% 39% 24% 19% 12% NA
MISSISSIPPI 42% NA 55% 52% 17% 12% 11% Furniture manufacturing
MISSOURI 33% NA 56% 30% 23% 20% 20% NA
MONTANA 56% NA 37% 48% 20% 21% NA Construction
NEBRASKA 35% NA 59% 35% 22% 32% NA NA
NEVADA 38% NA 55% 53% NA 24% NA NA
NEW HAMPSHIRE 38% NA 55% 47% 24% NA NA NA
NEW JERSEY 46% 10% 43% 36% 26% 13% 14% NA
NEW MEXICO 45% 8% 47% 50% 20% 16% 7% Construction
NEW YORK 46% 7% 47% 38% 25% 17% 14% Restaurants/Food Service
NORTH CAROLINA 44% NA 53% 42% 17% 19% 18% Construction
NORTH DAKOTA 43% NA 44% 44% NA NA NA NA
OHIO 36% 5% 59% 40% 23% 17% 16% Restaurants/Food Service
OKLAHOMA 37% NA 58% 42% 24% NA 13% NA
OREGON 53% 6% 41% 40% 21% 19% 14% Restaurants/Food Service
PENNSYLVANIA 35% 9% 57% 36% 23% 18% 17% Restaurants/Food Service
RHODE ISLAND 38% NA 55% 39% 25% NA 19% NA
SOUTH CAROLINA 29% NA 64% 41% 18% 17% 20% NA
SOUTH DAKOTA 37% NA 47% 47% NA NA NA NA
TENNESSEE 42% NA 53% 34% 19% 16% 26% Restaurants/Food Service
TEXAS 40% 6% 54% 41% 19% 22% 10% Restaurants/Food Service
UTAH 36% 0% 64% 44% NA 21% NA NA
VERMONT 58% NA 38% 36% 26% 18% NA NA
VIRGINIA 56% NA 41% 41% 26% NA NA NA
WASHINGTON 42% 13% 45% 46% 24% 16% 10% Glass manufacturing
WEST VIRGINIA 39% 10% 51% 38% 21% 15% 21% Restaurants/Food Service
WISCONSIN 43% NA 50% 38% 23% NA 16% NA
WYOMING 40% NA 50% 30% 25% NA 16% NA
Notes: NA= estimate does not meet minimum standard for statistical reliability.
Source: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of March 2017 Current Population Survey.
Appendix Table 4a: Share Working among Non-SSI, Nonelderly Adult Medicaid Enrollees by Socio-Demographic Characteristics, 2016
Share Working Within Each Age Group Share Working Within Each Sex Share Working Within Each Race/Ethnicity Group
Age 19-25 Age 26-45 Age 46+ Women Men White, Non-Hispanic Black, Non-Hispanic Hispanic Other Non-Hispanic
US TOTAL 62% 67% 50% 56% 65% 59% 57% 63% 61%
ALABAMA 60% 45% 24% 40% 49% 47% 36% 63% NA
ALASKA 56% 60% 51% 49% 65% 57% 66% 67% 54%
ARIZONA 64% 67% 54% 55% 70% 58% 67% 64% 64%
ARKANSAS 76% 53% 50% 57% 57% 57% 56% 60% NA
CALIFORNIA 61% 66% 58% 58% 68% 62% 59% 63% 63%
COLORADO 65% 78% 62% 69% 71% 73% 77% 73% 50%
CONNECTICUT 63% 85% 53% 72% 67% 70% 56% 69% 93%
DELAWARE 64% 66% 49% 59% 61% 60% 59% 53% 91%
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 46% 67% 46% 54% 63% 94% 48% 72% 67%
FLORIDA 74% 63% 48% 57% 67% 59% 65% 62% 63%
GEORGIA 61% 67% 35% 55% 64% 58% 56% 65% 65%
HAWAII 62% 52% 44% 52% 49% 66% NA 49% 47%
IDAHO 56% 65% 50% 48% 74% 58% NA 58% NA
ILLINOIS 71% 70% 52% 61% 68% 65% 54% 69% 68%
INDIANA 72% 61% 49% 54% 64% 59% 47% 86% 61%
IOWA 71% 88% 46% 66% 80% 71% 81% 89% 48%
KANSAS 82% 82% NA 62% 83% 75% NA 48% 64%
KENTUCKY 76% 70% 38% 61% 62% 61% NA 80% NA
LOUISIANA 53% 63% 33% 53% 48% 46% 58% 45% 68%
MAINE 67% 70% 53% 57% 75% 60% NA NA 92%
MARYLAND 64% 76% 51% 63% 71% 63% 65% 57% 88%
MASSACHUSETTS 85% 70% 57% 67% 67% 65% 76% 72% 52%
MICHIGAN 74% 64% 43% 56% 65% 61% 55% 62% 52%
MINNESOTA 77% 71% 52% 65% 67% 67% 64% NA 57%
MISSISSIPPI 60% 53% 26% 42% 54% 53% 44% NA NA
MISSOURI 74% 64% 39% 55% 71% 60% 56% 69% 59%
MONTANA 68% 76% 53% 61% 75% 70% NA NA 48%
NEBRASKA 65% 70% NA 57% 62% 57% NA 65% NA
NEVADA 77% 67% 55% 59% 73% 62% 50% 74% 64%
NEW HAMPSHIRE 69% 84% 39% 66% 62% 62% NA NA 86%
NEW JERSEY 31% 72% 49% 48% 60% 53% 53% 54% 49%
NEW MEXICO 64% 67% 48% 57% 64% 60% 88% 61% 55%
NEW YORK 43% 62% 59% 54% 61% 51% 57% 63% 63%
NORTH CAROLINA 54% 67% 46% 50% 68% 58% 56% 70% 43%
NORTH DAKOTA NA 70% NA 53% NA 56% NA NA NA
OHIO 74% 69% 36% 55% 68% 59% 62% 63% 79%
OKLAHOMA 57% 54% 37% 46% 57% 54% NA 59% 49%
OREGON 74% 76% 55% 59% 79% 68% 85% 76% 64%
PENNSYLVANIA 57% 75% 51% 63% 64% 65% 55% 69% 66%
RHODE ISLAND 88% 73% 53% 65% 72% 70% 67% 58% NA
SOUTH CAROLINA 56% 55% 44% 48% 57% 49% 49% 85% NA
SOUTH DAKOTA 51% 63% 43% 47% 71% 65% NA NA NA
TENNESSEE 55% 67% 39% 61% 49% 56% 63% 45% NA
TEXAS 55% 56% 35% 47% 54% 43% 64% 45% 59%
UTAH 66% 64% 57% 54% 76% 61% NA 68% NA
VERMONT 67% 78% 60% 65% 74% 69% 75% NA 55%
VIRGINIA 60% 53% 36% 48% 46% 37% 54% 56% 65%
WASHINGTON 60% 67% 56% 57% 68% 61% NA 75% 50%
WEST VIRGINIA 55% 65% 34% 50% 58% 53% NA NA 70%
WISCONSIN NA 74% 44% 64% 59% 61% 72% 66% 47%
WYOMING 63% 66% 52% 62% 62% 63% NA 59% NA
Notes: NA= estimate does not meet minimum standard for statistical reliability.
Source: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of March 2017 Current Population Survey.
Appendix Table 4b: Share Working among Non-SSI, Nonelderly Adult Medicaid Enrollees by Socio-Demographic Characteristics, 2016
Share Working Within Each Education Level Share Working Within Each Health Status Group
< High School High School Grad Some College BA or Higher Fair/Poor Good Excellent/ Very Good
US TOTAL 51% 58% 64% 69% 33% 63% 70%
ALABAMA 35% 40% 56% 43% 28% 40% 54%
ALASKA 49% 59% 58% 57% 42% 51% 75%
ARIZONA 57% 61% 68% 65% 31% 66% 74%
ARKANSAS 44% 60% 63% 60% 43% 50% 75%
CALIFORNIA 58% 60% 66% 69% 38% 64% 70%
COLORADO 33% 64% 87% 82% NA 75% 80%
CONNECTICUT 60% 62% 73% 88% 68% 65% 73%
DELAWARE 49% 57% 65% 73% NA 51% 79%
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 54% 49% 65% 69% 25% 65% 62%
FLORIDA 61% 58% 65% 62% 36% 50% 75%
GEORGIA 58% 60% 57% 51% NA 72% 64%
HAWAII 57% 47% 46% 66% NA 57% 59%
IDAHO 50% 53% 58% 76% 43% 61% 68%
ILLINOIS 41% 65% 72% 67% 34% 66% 75%
INDIANA 50% 53% 62% 79% 27% 53% 82%
IOWA 37% 77% 73% 78% 42% 85% 76%
KANSAS NA 79% 70% 57% 38% 62% 81%
KENTUCKY 54% 65% 55% 79% NA 79% 72%
LOUISIANA 34% 55% 58% 65% 40% 51% 58%
MAINE NA 64% 67% 66% 21% 66% 79%
MARYLAND 50% 71% 70% 65% 38% 65% 75%
MASSACHUSETTS 47% 69% 67% 75% 35% 68% 79%
MICHIGAN 46% 61% 60% 65% 35% 65% 67%
MINNESOTA 46% 61% 68% 81% 43% 67% 73%
MISSISSIPPI 33% 43% 54% 74% 20% 52% 59%
MISSOURI 38% 69% 57% 72% NA 55% 83%
MONTANA 53% 64% 65% 83% 41% 65% 77%
NEBRASKA NA 57% 68% NA NA 75% 61%
NEVADA 46% 69% 65% 69% 48% 65% 70%
NEW HAMPSHIRE 65% 64% 58% 85% 34% 78% 79%
NEW JERSEY 41% 63% 42% 55% 30% 61% 56%
NEW MEXICO 46% 60% 64% 72% 38% 57% 72%
NEW YORK 53% 51% 61% 68% 32% 61% 62%
NORTH CAROLINA 51% 53% 63% 61% 33% 58% 71%
NORTH DAKOTA NA 59% NA 60% NA NA 58%
OHIO 50% 53% 68% 79% 29% 64% 75%
OKLAHOMA 45% 41% 67% 58% NA 43% 64%
OREGON 72% 68% 63% 79% 35% 77% 79%
PENNSYLVANIA 52% 64% 61% 73% 39% 70% 74%
RHODE ISLAND 45% 68% 79% 73% 39% 62% 88%
SOUTH CAROLINA 30% 58% 54% 63% NA 51% 71%
SOUTH DAKOTA NA 55% 68% 74% NA 59% 64%
TENNESSEE 48% 48% 74% 70% NA 70% 72%
TEXAS 44% 40% 57% 73% 25% 57% 58%
UTAH NA 61% 75% 62% NA 74% 70%
VERMONT 52% 66% 71% 81% 44% 73% 76%
VIRGINIA NA 45% 83% NA 34% 46% 58%
WASHINGTON 55% 69% 54% 69% 42% 65% 69%
WEST VIRGINIA 37% 50% 68% 62% 30% 60% 63%
WISCONSIN 51% 55% 73% 75% 31% 77% 73%
WYOMING 67% 55% 68% 59% NA 75% 75%
Notes: NA= estimate does not meet minimum standard for statistical reliability.
Source: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of March 2017 Current Population Survey.
Tables

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