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The Uninsured and the ACA: A Primer - Key Facts about Health Insurance and the Uninsured amidst Changes to the Affordable Care Act

Appendix Table 1: Uninsured Rate Among the Nonelderly, 2013-2017
 

 

2013
Uninsured Rate
2016
Uninsured Rate
2017
Uninsured Rate
Change in Uninsured Rate
2013-2017
Change in Uninsured Rate
2016-2017
Total – Nonelderlya 16.8% 10.0% 10.2% -6.6%* 0.2%*
Age
Children – Total 7.5% 4.7% 5.0% -2.6%* 0.3%*
Adults – Total 20.6% 12.1% 12.3% -8.2%* 0.2%*
Adults 19-25 26.8% 14.6% 14.8% -11.9%* 0.2%
Adults 26-34 26.3% 15.6% 15.6% -10.7%* 0.0%
Adults 35-44 21.2% 13.6% 13.6% -7.6%* 0.0%
Adults 45-54 17.4% 10.4% 10.7% -6.7%* 0.3%*
Adults 55-64 13.4% 7.5% 7.9% -5.5%* 0.4%*
Annual Family Income
<$20,000 28.0% 17.1% 17.2% -10.8%* 0.0%
$20,000 – $39,999 27.4% 16.8% 17.3% -10.1%* 0.5%*
$40,000 + 11.4% 7.1% 7.5% -3.9%* 0.4%*
Family Poverty Levelb
<100% 26.2% 16.5% 16.6% -9.6%* 0.1%
100-199% 28.4% 17.0% 17.2% -11.2%* 0.3%
200-399% 17.7% 11.3% 11.7% -5.9%* 0.4%*
400%+ 6.8% 4.1% 4.5% -2.3%* 0.3%*
Household Type
1 Parent with childrenc 11.5% 6.8% 7.1% -4.4%* 0.3%
2 Parents with childrenc 10.8% 6.9% 7.2% -3.6%* 0.3%*
Multigenerationald 20.5% 11.8% 11.6% -8.9%* -0.2%
Adults living alone or with other adults 20.1% 11.6% 11.8% -8.3%* 0.3%*
Other 22.5% 13.5% 13.6% -8.8%* 0.1%
Family Work Status
2+ Full-time 13.4% 8.2% 8.5% -5.0%* 0.3%*
1 Full-time 16.5% 10.2% 10.4% -6.1%* 0.2%*
Only Part-timee 26.2% 14.4% 14.6% -11.6%* 0.2%
Non-Workers 21.2% 12.7% 13.0% -8.2%* 0.3%*
Race/Ethnicity
White only (non-Hispanic) 12.3% 7.1% 7.3% -5.0%* 0.3%*
Black only (non-Hispanic) 18.8% 10.7% 11.1% -7.7%* 0.5%*
Hispanic 30.0% 19.1% 18.9% -11.1%* -0.2%
Asian/Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander 15.8% 7.2% 7.2% -8.6%* 0.0%
Am. Indian/Alaska Native 30.4% 22.0% 22.0% -8.4%* 0.1%
Two or more racesf 13.5% 7.7% 7.9% -5.6%* 0.2%
Citizenship
U.S. citizen – native 13.8% 7.9% 8.2% -5.6%* 0.3%*
U.S. citizen – naturalized 20.3% 9.8% 10.0% -10.3%* 0.2%
Non-U.S. citizen, resident for < 5 years 38.5% 26.4% 27.2% -11.3%* 0.8%
Non-U.S. citizen, resident for 5+ years 51.4% 37.0% 36.0% -15.4%* -1.0%*
* Indicates a statistically significant difference from 2017 at the p < 0.05 level. a Nonelderly includes all individuals under age 65.

b The U.S. Census Bureau’s poverty threshold for a family with two adults and one child was $19,730 in 2017. c Parent includes any person with a dependent child. d Multigenerational families with children include families with at least three generations in a household. Other families include those with adults are caring for children other than their own (e.g., a niece living with her aunt).

e Part-time workers are defined as working < 35 hours per week. f Respondents can identify as more than one racial or ethnic group. The hierarchy we use for determining racial/ethnic categories places all respondents who self-identify as mixed race who do not also identify as Hispanic into the “Two or More Races” category. All individuals who identify with Hispanic ethnicity fall into the Hispanic category regardless of selected race.

SOURCE: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of the 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS).

Conclusion