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Medicaid at 50

The Medicaid program, signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson on July 30, 1965, will reach its 50th anniversary this year, a historic milestone. This report reflects on Medicaid’s accomplishments and challenges and considers the issues on the horizon that will influence the course of this major health coverage and financing program moving forward.

Long-Term Care in the United States: A Timeline

Long-term care (LTC) in the United States has evolved over the course of the last century to better serve the needs of seniors and person with disabilities. This long-term care timeline outlines the major milestones in LTC from the nursing home era, which created an institutional bias in LTC, to the era of home and community based services (HCBS) and integration, and into the era of health reform and beyond.

Medicaid and Long-Term Services and Supports: A Primer

This primer provides an overview of the delivery and financing of institutional and community-based long-term services and supports in the United States, highlighting Medicaid’s key role in providing care, quality measurement and evaluation, and recent national reform efforts.

Proposed Rule on Medicaid Managed Care: A Summary of Major Provisions

This issue brief summarizes major provisions of the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) to modernize and strengthen federal Medicaid managed care regulations, which serves as an informational guide to key proposed new federal expectations and requirements of states and managed care arrangements, and federal oversight interests moving forward.

Reading the Stars: Nursing Home Quality Star Ratings, Nationally and by State

This issue brief presents national and state-level analysis of nursing homes based on the Five-Star Quality Rating System, recently updated by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) to help consumers compare nursing homes when selecting one for themselves or their family members. The issue brief finds that more than one-third (36%) of the nation’s 15,500 nursing homes certified by Medicare or Medicaid received relatively low ratings of 1 or 2 stars (out of a possible 5 stars). In 11 states, at least 40 percent of nursing homes in the state have 1- or 2-star ratings. In 23 states, however, at least half of the nursing homes have 4- or 5- star ratings. This issue brief discusses relevant policy considerations regarding nursing home quality—a serious issue in light of the vulnerability of the nursing home population and recent reports of problems arising from inadequate staffing, fire safety hazards, and substandard care.

Medicaid Balancing Incentive Program: A Survey of Participating States

The Balancing Incentive Program provides enhanced federal matching funds, allowing states to advance their efforts to rebalance Medicaid long-term services and supports (LTSS) spending and expand access to home and community-based services as an alternative to institutional care. This report highlights participating states’ efforts to implement the program’s three structural requirements and use the enhanced federal funds in support of other Medicaid LTSS rebalancing efforts.

Medicare Chartbook

The Medicare Chartbook includes data and background information critical to understanding the Medicare program and the challenges it faces in keeping up with the rising costs of health care and in ensuring the program s future financial security.

State Perspectives on Medicaid Long-term Care: Report from a July 2003 State Forum

This report summarizes discussions on Medicaid and long-term care at a forum with state officials held by the Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured in July of 2003. The forum, conducted by the National Academy of State Health Policy, addressed issues including Medicaid's role in long-term care, state fiscal…