Extensive research and the pandemic have elevated the importance of addressing social determinants of health (SDOH) to improve health and reduce longstanding disparities in health and health care. Social determinants of health include factors like socioeconomic status, education, neighborhood and physical environment, employment, and social support networks, as well as access to health care. This brief describes options and federal Medicaid authorities states may use to address enrollees’ social determinants of health and provides state examples, including initiatives launched in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The focus of this brief is on state-driven Medicaid efforts to address social determinants for nonelderly enrollees who do not meet functional status or health need criteria for home and community-based services (HCBS) programs.
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Medicaid funds typically cannot be used to pay for non-medical interventions that target the social determinants of health. However, in October 2018, CMS approved North Carolina’s Section 1115 waiver which provides financing for a new pilot program, called “Healthy Opportunities Pilots,” to cover evidence-based non-medical services that address specific social needs linked to health/health outcomes. The pilots will address housing instability, transportation insecurity, food insecurity, and interpersonal violence and toxic stress for a limited number of high-need Medicaid enrollees. This brief summarizes key features of the pilots.
Research demonstrates that improving population health and achieving health equity will require broad approaches that address social, economic, and environmental factors that influence health. This brief provides an overview of the broad factors that influence health and describes efforts to address them, including initiatives within Medicaid.
The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation (CMMI), also known as the “Innovation Center,” was authorized under the Affordable Care Act with the goals of designing, implementing, and testing new payment and delivery system reform models to address concerns about rising costs, quality of care, and inefficient spending. These FAQs provide an overview of the Innovation Center, as well as details on model performance, beneficiary involvement, and more.
New Interactive “Evidence Link” Examines the Latest Results on Savings and Quality in Medicare Payment Models
A new interactive resource from the Kaiser Family Foundation synthesizes the most up-to-date evidence on Medicare’s efforts to reduce the growth in health care spending and improve patient care through new payment and delivery reform models. KFF’s Evidence Link is a central source of information and data about Medicare accountable care…
Health Plan Enrollment in the Capitated Financial Alignment Demonstrations for Dual Eligible Beneficiaries
This fact sheet shows enrollment in the capitated financial alignment demonstrations for dual eligibles as of July 2017.
Gretchen Jacobson, Associate Director of the Foundation’s Program on Medicare Policy, testified on June 7, 2017 before the U.S. House Committee on Ways and Means, Subcommittee on Health. Her testimony focused on three approaches for integrating and coordinating care for Medicare beneficiaries, and the opportunities and challenges presented by these approaches.
Payment and Delivery System Reform in Medicare: A Primer on Medical Homes, Accountable Care Organizations, and Bundled Payments
This primer providers an overview of certain delivery system reform models that are being examined in traditional Medicare, and explains model goals, financial incentives, potential beneficiary implications, and results so far with respect to Medicare spending and care quality. The primer discusses accountable care organizations, medical homes and bundled payments.
This issue brief provides insights about initial implementation of the financial alignment demonstrations from the perspective of dual eligible beneficiaries in Massachusetts, Ohio, and Virginia, based on 12 individual interviews conducted in early 2015. Profiles of six beneficiaries are presented to illustrate representative program experiences, along with key findings from across all of the interviews.