Kaiser Health Tracking Poll: Future Directions for the ACA and Medicaid

This Kaiser Health Tracking Poll was designed and analyzed by public opinion researchers at the Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF). The survey was conducted February 13-19, 2017, among a nationally representative random digit dial telephone sample of 1,160 adults ages 18 and older, living in the United States, including Alaska and Hawaii (note: persons without a telephone could not be included in the random selection process). Computer-assisted telephone interviews conducted by landline (389) and cell phone (771, including 464 who had no landline telephone) were carried out in English and Spanish by Princeton Data Source under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International (PSRAI). Both the random digit dial landline and cell phone samples were provided by Survey Sampling International, LLC. For the landline sample, respondents were selected by asking for the youngest adult male or female currently at home based on a random rotation. If no one of that gender was available, interviewers asked to speak with the youngest adult of the opposite gender. For the cell phone sample, interviews were conducted with the adult who answered the phone. KFF paid for all costs associated with the survey.

The combined landline and cell phone sample was weighted to balance the sample demographics to match estimates for the national population using data from the Census Bureau’s 2015 American Community Survey (ACS) on sex, age, education, race, Hispanic origin, and region along with data from the 2010 Census on population density. The sample was also weighted to match current patterns of telephone use using data from the January-June 2016 National Health Interview Survey. The weight takes into account the fact that respondents with both a landline and cell phone have a higher probability of selection in the combined sample and also adjusts for the household size for the landline sample. All statistical tests of significance account for the effect of weighting.

The margin of sampling error including the design effect for the full sample is plus or minus 3 percentage points. Numbers of respondents and margins of sampling error for key subgroups are shown in the table below. For results based on other subgroups, the margin of sampling error may be higher. Sample sizes and margins of sampling error for other subgroups are available by request. Note that sampling error is only one of many potential sources of error in this or any other public opinion poll. Kaiser Family Foundation public opinion and survey research is a charter member of the Transparency Initiative of the American Association for Public Opinion Research.

Group N (unweighted) M.O.S.E.
Total 1160 ±3 percentage points
Half Sample A 586 ±5 percentage points
Half Sample B 574 ±5 percentage points
Party Identification
   Democrats 375 ±6 percentage points
   Republicans 324 ±6 percentage points
   Independents 348 ±6 percentage points
Presidential Approval
   Approves of President Trump 495 ±5 percentage points
   Disapproves of President Trump 590 ±5 percentage points
Health Status
    Excellent/Very good/Good 938 ±4 percentage points
    Fair/Poor 217 ±8 percentage points
Ongoing Health Needs
   Individuals with ongoing health needs 605 ±5 percentage points
   Individuals without ongoing health needs 551 ±5 percentage points
Medicaid Expansion + Governor
   States that expanded Medicaid with Republican governors 311 ±7 percentage points
   States that expanded Medicaid with Dem. or Ind. governors 388 ±6 percentage points
   States that have not expanded Medicaid 461 ±5 percentage points

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The independent source for health policy research, polling, and news, the Kaiser Family Foundation is a nonprofit organization based in San Francisco, California.