Several bills have been introduced in the 115th Congress that would expand the role of public programs in health care. These proposals range in scope from broad proposals to create a new national health insurance program for all residents to more incremental approaches that offer a public plan option alongside private coverage, and current public proposals. These bills are grouped into four general categories:
- Medicare-for-All, a single national health insurance program for all U.S. residents:
- A new public plan option, based on Medicare, that would be offered to individuals and some or all employers through the ACA marketplace:
- A Medicare buy-in option for older individuals not yet eligible for the current Medicare program:
- A Medicaid buy-in option that states can elect to offer to individuals through the ACA marketplace:
To compare proposals, select an option from one of the columns below.
Download a side-by-side comparison of these eight proposals (PDF).