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In 2017, President Donald Trump and Republicans in Congress unsuccessfully sought to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act and switch Medicaid to a system of per capita cap financing. They may pursue such policy goals again this year. At the same time, the Trump administration has signaled a willingness to allow states to use Section 1115 waiver authority to reshape Medicaid, with several states seeking waiver provisions not previously approved by any administration, including work requirements, drug screening and testing, eligibility time limits, and premiums with disenrollment for non-payment for traditional Medicaid populations. And continuing efforts to combat the opioid epidemic are likely to focus attention on Medicaid’s role in the fight.
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Medicaid: What to Watch in 2018 from the Administration, Congress, and the States

Medicaid provides health insurance coverage for about one in five Americans and is the largest payer for long-term care services in the community and nursing homes. Efforts in 2017 to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and cap federal financing for Medicaid were unsuccessful but help to set the stage for 2018. As 2018 begins, there is a focus on administrative actions using Medicaid Section 1115 demonstration waivers, state actions on Medicaid expansion, and funding for the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) and other federal health care priorities. Medicaid in 2018 is also likely to continue to be part of both federal and state budget deliberations. Pressures to control the federal deficit may reignite efforts to reduce or cap federal Medicaid spending. In addition, Governors will soon release proposed budgets for state FY 2019 that will need to account for uncertainty around CHIP and Medicaid, changes in the economy and the effects of the recent tax legislation as well as funding for rising prescription drugs and initiatives to combat the opioid epidemic. This brief examines these issues.

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The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

Medicaid’s Role in Addressing the Opioid Epidemic

This infographic provides information and statistics about the opioid epidemic and Medicaid’s role in covering addiction treatment services.

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Medicaid Waiver Tracker: Which States Have Approved and Pending Section 1115 Medicaid Waivers?

This resource tracks states with approved Section 1115 Medicaid waivers and pending waivers (which include new waiver applications, waiver amendments, and renewals). View approved and pending waivers according to waiver category. Related waiver resources are available by topic at the bottom of the page, as are additional details on each approved and pending waiver.

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The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

New KFF Resource Tracks Developments in States’ Section 1115 Medicaid Waivers

A new resource from the Kaiser Family Foundation enables users to keep abreast of Section 1115 Medicaid waivers that are pending or have been approved by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. KFF’s Medicaid waiver tracker includes interactive maps that allow users to view states’ approved and pending waivers…

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Understanding the Intersection of Medicaid and Work

Recent state requests for waivers of federal Medicaid law seek to make Medicaid eligibility contingent on work, and the Trump Administration has indicated a willingness to approve such waivers. This issue brief provides data on the work status of the nearly 25 million non-elderly adults without SSI enrolled in Medicaid to understand the potential implications of work requirement proposals in Medicaid. It shows that the majority of adults in this group are already working, and those who are not report major impediments to their ability to work such as illness or care-giving responsibilities.

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The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

How do Health Care Costs fit into Family Budgets? Snapshots from Medicaid Enrollees

This brief examines family budgets of Medicaid enrollees, how health care costs fit into these budgets, and views on how potential changes to health care could affect them based on 21 interviews with Medicaid enrollees in five cities.

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The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

Medicaid in Uncertain Times: Results from a 50-State Medicaid Budget Survey for State Fiscal Years 2017 and 2018 at a Forum with the National Association of Medicaid Directors

At 9:30 a.m. ET on Thursday, Oct. 19, the Kaiser Family Foundation released its 17th annual 50-state Medicaid budget survey for state fiscal years 2017 and 2018. Kaiser and the National Association of Medicaid Directors (NAMD) are holding a joint briefing to discuss trends in enrollment and spending and highlight…

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Interactive Maps: Estimates of Enrollment in ACA Marketplaces and Medicaid Expansion

As the 115th U.S. Congress deliberates the future of the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare, an interactive map from the Kaiser Family Foundation provides estimates of the number of people in each congressional district who enrolled in a 2017 ACA marketplace health plan and the political party of each district’s representative as of October 2017. The analysis also includes maps charting the total number of people enrolled under the ACA Medicaid expansion in 2016 in states that implemented the ACA Medicaid expansion, along with the political parties of their governors and U.S. senators.

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The Role of Medicaid and Impact of the Medicaid Expansion for Veterans Experiencing Homelessness

This brief describes Medicaid’s role for veterans experiencing homelessness and provides insight into how the Affordable Care Act (ACA) Medicaid expansion has affected their coverage and access to care.

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Graham-Cassidy-Heller-Johnson Plan to Replace ACA Funding With a New Block Grant and Cap Medicaid Would Decrease Federal Funding for States by $160 Billion from 2020-2026; Then a $240 Billion Loss in 2027 if the Law is Not Reauthorized

The Senate is preparing to vote next week on the Graham-Cassidy proposal to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act and to cap the Medicaid program. A new state-by-state Kaiser Family Foundation analysis finds that the major financing changes in the bill would reduce federal spending by $160 billion over…

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Filling the need for trusted information on national health issues, the Kaiser Family Foundation is a nonprofit organization based in Menlo Park, California.