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New Reports Explain Medicaid’s Role in Long-Term Care and Track Trends

With short and long-term policy changes to the Medicaid program being discussed, its role in providing long-term care is receiving closer examination. Medicaid is the single largest source of financing for long-term care, accounting for nearly half of all the nation’s spending for long-term care services, and demographic trends are…

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Medicare Prescription Drug Coverage for Residents of Nursing Homes and Assisted Living Facilities: Special Problems and Concerns

This issue brief describes Medicare drug benefit policy issues for residents of nursing homes and other long-term care settings, such as assisted living facilities and board and care facilities. The brief addresses differing rules for nursing home and non-nursing home settings, as well as for dual eligibles residing in long-term…

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Dual Eligible Home and Community-Based Waiver Program Participants and the New Medicare Drug Benefit

Dual eligible beneficiaries who participate in Medicaid home and community-based waiver programs usually do not have a centralized care provider to manage their health care benefits and services. For the new Medicare prescription drug benefit, no individual is designated to assist participants with their prescription drug plan selection, comparison of…

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Strategies to Keep Consumers Needing Long-Term Care in the Community and Out of Nursing Facilities

In recent years states have been trying to shift resources from institutional to home and community based long-term care services. This report examines “transition” and “diversion” policies and practices in eight states. It provides a sense of what state Medicaid programs are doing or could be doing to promote diversion.Report…

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Who Stays and Who Goes Home: Using National Data on Nursing Home Discharges and Long-Stay Residents to Draw Implications for Nursing Home Transition Programs

This report analyzes survey data to describe the characteristics of two groups of nursing home residents who are 65 years or older: those who are discharged back to the community over a one year time period and those who remain in nursing homes for 90 days or longer. Over the…

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Medicaid 1915(c) Home and Community-Based Service Programs: Data Update

Over the last four years, the Commission has been tracking the national development of the three main Medicaid HCBS programs that states can operate. The Commission also began to survey the policies, such as eligibility criteria and waiting lists that states can use to control the growth of spending on…

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The Distribution of Assets in the Elderly Population Living in the Community

Individuals cannot qualify for Medicaid nursing home care or home and community-based services unless they meet their state's asset eligibility standards. Currently, states are required to examine all transfers for less than fair market value that occurred within 36 months prior to an individual's application for Medicaid. This issue paper…

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Medicaid’s Role in Long-Term Care: Q & A

Financing long-term care for the nearly 10 million Americans who need services and support to assist them in life’s daily activities continues to challenge the nation. While Medicaid is the nation’s major source of financing for long-term care services, paying for over 40% of total long-term care, its role is…

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Health Care and the 2004 Elections: Long Term Care

Long Term CareDownload a printable .pdf of Health Care and the 2004 Elections: Long Term Care.IssueBackgroundOptions for Addressing Long Term Care NeedsAssessing Candidate PositionsIssueMillions of elderly and disabled Americans need long-term care services and supports. The aging of the population in the United States over the next several decades is…

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Olmstead v. L.C.: The Interaction of the Americans with Disabilities Act and Medicaid

This policy brief describes the relationship of the Americans with Disabilities Act and Medicaid services and the impact of the U.S. Supreme Court’s Olmstead v. L.C. decision. Policy Brief (.pdf) Related Olmstead Materials

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