More than a decade after its enactment, the future of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) remains uncertain as the U.S. Supreme Court takes up another challenge to the law’s constitutionality in California v. Texas (known as Texas v. U.S. in the lower courts). Oral argument is scheduled for Tuesday, November 10, 2020.

The ACA remains in effect while the litigation is pending. However, if all or most of the law ultimately is struck down, it will have complex and far-reaching consequences for the nation’s health care system, affecting nearly everyone in some way.

For information about ACA Marketplace Open Enrollment, including fact sheets and 300+ FAQs, visit our collection of resources on Understanding Health Insurance.

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What Are the Implications for Medicare of the American Health Care Act and the Better Care Reconciliation Act?

This issue brief highlights a major implication of the American Health Care Act and Better Care Reconciliation Act for Medicare. Both bills would repeal the Affordable Care Act provision to increase the payroll tax on high-income earners. Repealing this surtax would move up the insolvency date of the Medicare Part A trust fund by 2 years, from 2028 to 2026, and also worsens the program’s long-term financial outlook.

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How Would Proposed Changes to Medicaid and Marketplace Coverage Affect Real People?

This brief provides examples of how the changes proposed in the Better Care Reconciliation Act of 2017 (BCRA) would affect real people currently receiving Medicaid or marketplace coverage.

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Early 2017 Financial Data Indicate Stabilizing Individual Insurance Market

Insurer financial data through the first quarter of 2017 suggest the individual market has been stabilizing and insurers in this market are regaining profitability, finds a new analysis from the Kaiser Family Foundation. The analysis tracks insurer financial performance, starting before the launch of Affordable Care Act marketplaces, through two indicators:…

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GOP May Not Be Punished If They Can’t Pass Repeal

In this Axios column, Drew Altman critically examines the conventional wisdom that the Trump and Republican base will punish Republicans if they do not repeal Obamacare.

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How the Cruz Amendment Might Affect the Marketplace: Applying Different Rules to Competing Health Plans

This analysis examines a draft amendment to the Senate bill to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act that would exempt some health plans from market rules, leaving 1.5 million people with pre-existing conditions at risk for higher premiums.

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5 Ways the Graham-Cassidy Proposal Puts Medicaid Coverage At Risk

The Graham-Cassidy proposal to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA) is reviving the federal health reform debate and could come up for a vote in the Senate before the budget reconciliation authority expires on September 30. This fact sheet describes five ways in which the proposal revamps and cuts Medicaid, redistributes federal funds across states and eliminates coverage for millions of poor Americans.

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Public Ranks Children’s Health Insurance, Marketplace Stabilization Higher Priorities than ACA Repeal

Majorities Support Buy-In Ideas for Medicaid and Medicare Among health priorities facing urgent deadlines in Washington in September, the public ranks repeal of the Affordable Care Act lower than reauthorizing funding for the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) and stabilizing individual health insurance marketplaces established by the ACA, the Kaiser…

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Kaiser Health Tracking Poll – October 2017: Experiences of the Non-Group Marketplace Enrollees

The start of the open enrollment period for non-group insurance in 2018 is less than one month away, and the majority of individuals who are targets for enrollment – those who currently purchase their own insurance and those who are uninsured – are unaware of the key dates of the next open enrollment period. This report, focusing on enrollees in the non-group market, compares the experiences of individuals who purchase their own insurance through an ACA marketplace with the current health insurance market to those who get their insurance through their employer. Overall, the experiences of marketplace enrollees are more similar than different than those with employer coverage when it comes to costs and choices. However, marketplace enrollees are more likely to express worry about their future ability to afford insurance and health care services.

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Keeping the Alexander-Murray Health Care Bill in Context

This Drew Altman Axios column describes the scale of the problems in the ACA marketplaces and the public’s confusion about whether they are impacted. He says that the news media, experts and policy makers can do more to put the marketplace problems and fixes in context as debate evolves.

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Kaiser Health Tracking Poll: November 2016

The November Kaiser Health Tracking Poll, conducted one week after the 2016 presidential election, finds health care played a limited role in voters’ 2016 election decisions. While President-elect Trump and Republican lawmakers have made it clear that one of their top priorities is the repeal of the Affordable Care Act, the survey finds Americans are divided on what they want to see lawmakers do to the health care law. This survey also finds that many of the law’s major provisions continue to be popular, even across party lines.

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Filling the need for trusted information on national health issues, the Kaiser Family Foundation is a nonprofit organization based in San Francisco, California.