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Medicaid’s Role for Children with Special Health Care Needs: A Look at Eligibility, Services, and Spending

Table 1: Children with Special Health Care Needs Covered by Medicaid/CHIP by State, 2016
State Total Children with Special Health Care Needs Share with Medicaid/CHIP* Share with Medicaid/CHIP as Only Source of Coverage
Alabama 235,500 56% 52%
Alaska 29,900 46% 38%
Arizona 316,700 57% 49%
Arkansas 162,100 65% 60%
California 1,409,500 52% 48%
Colorado 221,000 35% 33%
Connecticut 155,200 40% 37%
Delaware 46,600 47% 33%
DC 21,400 55% 46%
Florida 891,100 52% 50%
Georgia 494,300 60% 51%
Hawaii 42,100 23% 16%
Idaho 75,300 47% 34%
Illinois 572,200 37% 33%
Indiana 355,900 51% 43%
Iowa 128,500 50% 35%
Kansas 147,300 41% 35%
Kentucky 255,900 54% 51%
Louisiana 263,800 56% 50%
Maine 58,700 49% 41%
Maryland 250,000 34% 33%
Massachusetts 286,600 36% 25%
Michigan 444,600 42% 29%
Minnesota 228,700 42% 31%
Mississippi 176,700 67% 57%
Missouri 316,100 38% 30%
Montana 41,800 61% 54%
Nebraska 78,100 33% 27%
Nevada 102,100 52% 38%
New Hampshire 52,200 37% 25%
New Jersey 350,200 32% 28%
New Mexico 98,100 59% 48%
New York 765,100 52% 37%
North Carolina 489,600 49% 44%
North Dakota 30,900 28% 17%
Ohio 598,400 46% 39%
Oklahoma 210,500 48% 37%
Oregon 158,700 42% 32%
Pennsylvania 517,200 54% 43%
Rhode Island 45,500 50% 40%
South Carolina 219,300 61% 51%
South Dakota 32,700 41% 32%
Tennessee 282,600 57% 53%
Texas 1,308,700 49% 40%
Utah 149,000 27% 21%
Vermont 25,200 65% 58%
Virginia 391,400 33% 29%
Washington 299,100 46% 37%
West Virginia 91,100 55% 45%
Wisconsin 245,700 43% 31%
Wyoming 28,100 44% 30%
U.S. Total 14,197,000 48% 41%
NOTES:  Includes non-institutionalized children ages 0-17. *Includes those with Medicaid/CHIP as sole source of coverage and those with both Medicaid/CHIP and private insurance.
SOURCE: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of the 2016 National Survey of Children’s Health, Topical File.
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