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Health Coverage by Race and Ethnicity: Examining Changes Under the ACA and the Remaining Uninsured

Appendix Table 1: Distribution of Health Coverage Among Nonelderly Individuals and Key Characteristics of the
Nonelderly Uninsured as of 2015
White Asian Hispanic Black AIAN NHOPI
Total Nonelderly Population (Millions) 159.0 15.6 53.0 35.0 2.2 0.8
Health insurance coverage
Employer/Other Private 72% 74%* 46%* 51%* 45%* 61%*
Medicaid/Other Public 20% 18%* 37%* 37%* 34%* 32%*
Uninsured 8% 8% 17%* 12%* 21%* 7%
Total Nonelderly Uninsured (Millions) 12.9 1.3 9.1 4.3 0.5 0.1
Work Status

Full-Time Worker in Family

73% 68% 80%* 65%* 65%* 77%

No Full-Time Worker in Family

27% 32% 20%* 35%* 35%* 23%
Income

<100% FPL

21% 28%* 28%* 35%* 37%* N/A

>100% FPL

79% 72%* 72%* 65%* 63%*
Age
0-18 13% 13% 15%* 13% 29%* N/A
19-34 34% 42%* 40%* 43%* 36% 38%
35-54 35% 31% 37%* 33% 28%* 37%
55-64 17% 15% 8%* 11%* 7%* N/A
Family Status
Families with Children 37% 38% 58%* 42%* 57%* 39%
Married Adults 15% 16% 8%* 6%* N/A N/A
Single Adults 48% 45% 35%* 53%* 37%* 55%
Citizenship Status
US Born Citizen 94% 29%* 40%* 89%* 99%* 45%*
Naturalized Citizen 3% 24%* 9%* 4%* N/A N/A
Non-Citizen 3% 47%* 51%* 7%* N/A 49%*
* Indicates statistically significant difference from Whites at p < .05.
NOTE: Includes nonelderly individuals 0-64 years of age. Totals may not sum to 100% due to rounding. N/A: Point estimates do not meet minimum standards for statistical reliability.
SOURCE: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of March 2016 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement.
Appendix Table 2: Disparities in Uninsured Rates among Nonelderly Individuals, 2013-2015
  Uninsured Rate Absolute Disparity:
Percentage Point Difference from White
Relative Disparity: Ratio to White
2013 2015 2013 2015 Change 2013 2015 Change
White 12% 8%
Asian 15% 8% 3%* 0% -3%** 1.3* 1.0 -0.3**
Hispanic 26% 17% 14%* 9%* -5%** 2.2* 2.1* -0.1**
Black 17% 12% 6%* 4%* -1%** 1.5* 1.5* -0.0
AIAN 25% 21% 13%* 13%* 0% 2.2* 2.6* 0.5**
NHOPI 13% 7% 2% -1% -3% 1.2* 0.9* -0.3**
* Indicates absolute disparity significantly different from 0 and relative disparity significantly different from 1 at p<0.05.
** Indicates statistically significant change in disparity between 2013 and 2015 and p<0.05.
NOTE: Includes nonelderly individuals 0-64 years of age.
SOURCE: Kaiser Family Foundation analysis of March 2014 and March 2016 Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement.
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