Medicaid Initiatives to Improve Maternal and Infant Health and Address Racial Disparities

Issue Brief
  1. Sarah H. Gordon, Benjamin D. Sommers, Ira B. Wilson, and Amal N. Trivedi, "Effects Of Medicaid Expansion On Postpartum Coverage And Outpatient Utilization," Health Affairs 39, no. 1 (January 2020): 77-84, https://doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2019.00547

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  2. Scott R. Sanders et al., "Infants without health insurance: Racial/ethnic and rural/urban disparities in infant households' insurance coverage," PLOS One 15, no. 1 (January 2020): e0222387, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0222387

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  3. Ibid.

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  4. Chintan Bhatt and Consuelo Beck-Sague, “Medicaid Expansion and Infant Mortality in the United States,” American Journal of Public Health 108, no. 4 (April 2018): 565-567, https://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/full/10.2105/AJPH.2017.304218

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  5. Clare Brown et al., “Association of State Medicaid Expansion Status With Low Birth Weight and Preterm Birth,” Journal of the American Medical Association 321, no. 16 (April 2019), https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2731179

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  6. Erica Eliason, "Adoption of Medicaid Expansion Is Associated with Lower Maternal Mortality," Women's Health Issues 30, no. 3 (May-June 2020): 147-152, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.whi.2020.01.005

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  7. Jamie R. Daw, Katy Backes Kozhimannil, and Lindsay K. Admon, “High Rates of Perinatal Insurance Churn Persist After The ACA,” Health Affairs Blog, September 16, 2019, https://www.healthaffairs.org/do/10.1377/hblog20190913.387157/full/

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  8. Jamie R. Daw et al., “Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Perinatal Insurance Coverage,” Obstetrics & Gynecology 135, no. 4 (April 2020): 917-924, https://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Fulltext/2020/04000/Racial_and_Ethnic_Disparities_in_Perinatal.20.aspx

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  9. Donna L. Hoyert and Arialdi M. Miniño, “Maternal Mortality in the United States: Changes in Coding, Publication, and Data Release 2018,” National Vital Statistics Reports 69, no. 2 (January 2020): 1-18, https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr69/nvsr69-02-508.pdf

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  10. “Extending Postpartum Medicaid Coverage Beyond 60 Days Could Benefit Over 200,000 Low-Income Uninsured Citizen New Mothers,” The Incidental Economist, February 4, 2020, https://theincidentaleconomist.com/wordpress/extending-postpartum-medicaid/

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  11. Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission, Medicaid’s Role in Maternal Health (Washington, DC, June 2020), https://www.macpac.gov/publication/chapter-5-medicaids-role-in-maternal-health/https://www.macpac.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/Chapter-5-Medicaid%E2%80%99s-Role-in-Maternal-Health.pdf

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  12. Ibid.

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  13. Kenneth J. Gruber, Susan H. Cupito, and Christina F. Dobson, “Impact of Doulas on Healthy Birth Outcomes,” Journal of Perinatal Education 22, no. 1 (2013): 49-58, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3647727/

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  14. Amy Chen, Alexis Robles-Fradet, and Helen Arega, Building A Successful Program for Medi-Cal Coverage for Doula Care: Findings from A survey of Doulas in California, National Health Law Program, May 21, 2020, https://healthlaw.org/resource/doulareport/

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  15. “Maternal Opioid Misuse (MOM) Model,” Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, accessed January 27, 2020, https://innovation.cms.gov/initiatives/maternal-opioid-misuse-model/

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  16. Elizabeth Howell et al. “Reduction of Peripartum Racial and Ethnic Disparities,” Obstetrics and Gynecology 131, no. 5 (May 2018): 770-782, https://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/FullText/2018/05000/Reduction_of_Peripartum_Racial_and_Ethnic.4.aspx

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  17. Tessa McLean, “SF announces pilot program to provide basic income to pregnant Black and Pacific Islander women”, SFGate, September 13, 2020, available at https://www.sfgate.com/news/article/SF-announces-basic-income-program-15566923.php

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  18. “Pregnancy and Childbirth”, HealthyPeople.gov, accessed August 27, 2020, https://health.gov/healthypeople/objectives-and-data/browse-objectives/pregnancy-and-childbirth

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  19. Emily E. Petersen et al., “Vital Signs: Pregnancy-Related Deaths, United States, 2011–2015, and Strategies for Prevention, 13 States, 2013-2017”, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 68, no. 18 (May 2019): 423-429, https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6818e1.htm?s_cid=mm6818e1_w

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