With health care a top issue in the 2020 election, test your knowledge about health facts, policy issues and proposals that are emerging among the presidential candidates.

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1

Which proposal has not been endorsed by at least one of the major Democratic presidential candidates?

None of the major Democratic presidential candidates have endorsed establishing a national health service in the United States, where physicians would be employed by the government, similar to the British health care system.

2

Since the Affordable Care Act was passed into law, the number of uninsured people in the U.S. has:

Since the enactment of the ACA in 2010, the number of people without health insurance has decreased from 46.5 million in 2010 to 27.9 million in 2018-- a decrease of approximately 20 million.

3

What was the average annual premium for employer-sponsored health insurance for a family of four in 2019, taking into account both the employer and the worker contributions?

In 2019, the average annual premium for employer-sponsored health insurance for family coverage including both the worker and employer contribution was $20,576. The total premium increased 22% from 2014 ($16,834).

4

What share of total national health expenditures was spent on retail prescription drugs in 2018?

In 2018, retail prescription drug spending accounted for 9.2 percent of total national health spending in the U.S. In comparison, spending on hospitals accounted for 32.7% of total national health expenditures, and spending on physicians and clinics accounted for 19.9%.

5

A lawsuit currently in the courts seeks to overturn the entire Affordable Care Act. Which of the following statements is true?

The Trump Administration argues that nearly all of the ACA should be overturned because the individual mandate is no longer constitutional. The Trump Administration argues that the ACA’s protections for people with pre-existing conditions should be struck down along with the individual mandate. The Administration argues that these provisions cannot function effectively without the individual mandate.

6

Which of the following Democratic presidential candidates has a proposal to give Americans an option to choose coverage under a public plan (“public option”) or keep their private insurance?

All of the above Democratic presidential candidates have either introduced or support proposals that would give Americans an option to choose coverage under a public plan, unless they prefer to keep their private insurance.

7

Who was the first Member of Congress or Senator to introduce a bill that had “Medicare for All” in the title?

Congressman John Conyers was the first Member of Congress or Senator to introduce a bill to provide universal coverage that had Medicare for all in the title, called: The United States National Health Insurance Act (or the Expanded and Improved Medicare for All Act) on February 11, 2003. Three years later, in 2006, Senator Kennedy and Congressman John Dingell together introduced a bill called the Medicare for All Act. Senator Bernie Sanders first introduced a bill to create Medicare-for-all in 2017. While Congressman John Conyers was the first to use “Medicare-for-all” in the short title, others proposed a similar approach in prior Congresses, but with a different name.

8

Under the Sanders’ Medicare-for-all bill, which of the following statements is correct?

Under the bill that Bernie Sanders introduced that would create a Medicare-for-all program, there would be no deductibles and copays, except for up to $200 for prescription drugs to encourage use of lower-cost generic drugs.

9

True or False: All of the leading Democratic presidential candidates support a proposal to give the government authority to negotiate prescription drug prices.

All of the major democratic presidential candidates support allowing the government to negotiate drug prices.

10

All of the major Democratic presidential candidates support doing away with the Hyde Amendment, which prohibits the use of federal funding for abortion, except in cases of rape, incest or if the pregnancy is a threat to the health of the pregnant person. How many states currently permit use of state funds to cover abortion services in circumstances other than the Hyde restrictions under their Medicaid program?

In 16 states, non-federal state funds are used to pay for abortions in other circumstances for women on Medicaid. 33 states and the District of Columbia follow the Hyde Restrictions, and one state is more restrictive than the federal standard.

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Health Issues and the Election Quiz

You Answered out of 10 Questions Correctly.

Question

Correct Response

1

Which proposal has not been endorsed by at least one of the major Democratic presidential candidates?

None of the major Democratic presidential candidates have endorsed establishing a national health service in the United States, where physicians would be employed by the government, similar to the British health care system.

None of the major democratic presidential candidates have endorsed establishing a national health service in the United States, where physicians would be employed by the government, similar to the British health care system.

2

Since the Affordable Care Act was passed into law, the number of uninsured people in the U.S. has:

Since the enactment of the ACA in 2010, the number of people without health insurance has decreased from 46.5 million in 2010 to 27.9 million in 2018-- a decrease of approximately 20 million.

Since the enactment of the ACA in 2010, the number of people without health insurance has decreased from 46.5 million in 2010 to 27.9 million in 2018 -- a decrease of approximately 20 million.

3

What was the average annual premium for employer-sponsored health insurance for a family of four in 2019, taking into account both the employer and the worker contributions?

In 2019, the average annual premium for employer-sponsored health insurance for family coverage including both the worker and employer contribution was $20,576. The total premium increased 22% from 2014 ($16,834).

In 2019, the average annual premium for employer-sponsored health insurance for family coverage including both the worker and employer contribution was $20,576. The total premium increased 22% from 2014 ($16,834).

4

What share of total national health expenditures was spent on retail prescription drugs in 2018?

In 2018, retail prescription drug spending accounted for 9.2 percent of total national health spending in the U.S. In comparison, spending on hospitals accounted for 32.7% of total national health expenditures, and spending on physicians and clinics accounted for 19.9%.

In 2018, retail prescription drug spending accounted for 9.2 percent of total national health spending in the U.S.  In comparison, spending on hospitals accounted for 32.7% of total national health expenditures, and spending on physicians and clinics accounted for 19.9%.

5

A lawsuit currently in the courts seeks to overturn the entire Affordable Care Act. Which of the following statements is true?

The Trump Administration argues that nearly all of the ACA should be overturned because the individual mandate is no longer constitutional. The Trump Administration argues that the ACA’s protections for people with pre-existing conditions should be struck down along with the individual mandate. The Administration argues that these provisions cannot function effectively without the individual mandate.

The Trump Administration argues that nearly all of the ACA should be overturned because the individual mandate is no longer constitutional. The Trump Administration argues that the ACA’s protections for people with pre-existing conditions should be struck down along with the individual mandate. The Administration argues that these provisions cannot function effectively without the individual mandate.

6

Which of the following Democratic presidential candidates has a proposal to give Americans an option to choose coverage under a public plan (“public option”) or keep their private insurance?

All of the above Democratic presidential candidates have either introduced or support proposals that would give Americans an option to choose coverage under a public plan, unless they prefer to keep their private insurance.

All of the above Democratic presidential candidates have either introduced or support proposals that would give Americans an option to choose coverage under a public plan, unless they prefer to keep their private insurance.

7

Who was the first Member of Congress or Senator to introduce a bill that had “Medicare for All” in the title?

Congressman John Conyers was the first Member of Congress or Senator to introduce a bill to provide universal coverage that had Medicare for all in the title, called: The United States National Health Insurance Act (or the Expanded and Improved Medicare for All Act) on February 11, 2003. Three years later, in 2006, Senator Kennedy and Congressman John Dingell together introduced a bill called the Medicare for All Act. Senator Bernie Sanders first introduced a bill to create Medicare-for-all in 2017. While Congressman John Conyers was the first to use “Medicare-for-all” in the short title, others proposed a similar approach in prior Congresses, but with a different name.

Congressman John Conyers was the first Member of Congress or Senator to introduce a bill to provide universal coverage that had Medicare for all in the title, called: The United States National Health Insurance Act (or the Expanded and Improved Medicare for All Act) on February 11, 2003.  Three years later, in 2006, Senator Kennedy and Congressman John Dingell together introduced a bill called the Medicare for All Act. Senator Bernie Sanders first introduced a bill to create Medicare-for-all in 2017. While Congressman John Conyers was the first to use “Medicare-for-all” in the short title, others proposed a similar approach in prior Congresses, but with a different name.

8

Under the Sanders’ Medicare-for-all bill, which of the following statements is correct?

Under the bill that Bernie Sanders introduced that would create a Medicare-for-all program, there would be no deductibles and copays, except for up to $200 for prescription drugs to encourage use of lower-cost generic drugs.

Under the bill that Bernie Sanders introduced that would create a Medicare-for-all program, there would be no deductibles and copays, except for up to $200 for prescription drugs to encourage use of lower-cost generic drugs.

9

True or False: All of the leading Democratic presidential candidates support a proposal to give the government authority to negotiate prescription drug prices.

All of the major democratic presidential candidates support allowing the government to negotiate drug prices.

10

All of the major Democratic presidential candidates support doing away with the Hyde Amendment, which prohibits the use of federal funding for abortion, except in cases of rape, incest or if the pregnancy is a threat to the health of the pregnant person. How many states currently permit use of state funds to cover abortion services in circumstances other than the Hyde restrictions under their Medicaid program?

In 16 states, non-federal state funds are used to pay for abortions in other circumstances for women on Medicaid. 33 states and the District of Columbia follow the Hyde Restrictions, and one state is more restrictive than the federal standard.

In 16 states, non-federal state funds are used to pay for abortions in other circumstances for women on Medicaid. 33 states and the District of Columbia follow the Hyde Restrictions, and one state is more restrictive than the federal standard.