Medicaid State Fact Sheets

Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) provide health and long-term care coverage to almost 90 million low-income children, pregnant women, adults, seniors, and people with disabilities in the United States. Medicaid is a major source of funding for hospitals, community health centers, physicians, and nursing homes. States operate their Medicaid programs within federal standards and a wide range of state options in exchange for federal matching funds.

This map highlights the 36 States with gubernatorial elections this year. These gubernatorial elections as well as other state and federal elections, including state legislative and Congressional elections and ballot measures could have implications for state Medicaid policies.

Click below to download US fact sheet

Click on the state name below to download a two-page fact sheet that provides a snapshot of key data for Medicaid in every state related to current coverage, access, and spending.

Alabama Illinois Montana Rhode Island
Alaska Indiana Nebraska South Carolina
Arizona Iowa Nevada South Dakota
Arkansas Kansas New Hampshire Tennessee
California Kentucky New Jersey Texas
Colorado Louisiana New Mexico Utah
Connecticut Maine New York Vermont
Delaware Maryland North Carolina Virginia
District of Columbia Massachusetts North Dakota Washington
Florida Michigan Ohio West Virginia
Georgia Minnesota Oklahoma Wisconsin
Hawaii Mississippi Oregon Wyoming
Idaho Missouri Pennsylvania
Sources

The fact sheets include both state and national level data. Where state-level data was not available, national-level data was used to provide additional context.

For specific sources used in the fact sheets, see below.

Total Monthly Medicaid and CHIP Enrollment:

State Health Facts. “Total Monthly Medicaid/CHIP Enrollment and Pre-ACA Enrollment, May 2022.” KFF, https://www.kff.org/health-reform/state-indicator/total-monthly-medicaid-and-chip-enrollment/?currentTimeframe=0&sortModel=%7B%22colId%22:%22Location%22,%22sort%22:%22asc%22%7D.

Uninsured rates:

State Health Facts. “Health Insurance Coverage of Nonelderly 0-64, 2019.” KFF, https://www.kff.org/other/state-indicator/nonelderly-0-64/.

Share of population that is low income: 

State Health Facts. “Distribution of the Total Population by Federal Poverty Level (above and below 200% FPL), 2019.” KFF, https://www.kff.org/other/state-indicator/population-up-to-200-fpl/.

Share of population covered by Medicaid/CHIP: 

State Health Facts. “Health Insurance Coverage of the Total Population, 2019.” KFF, https://www.kff.org/other/state-indicator/total-population/.

State expansion status:

“Status of State Medicaid Expansion Decisions, September 2022.” KFF, https://www.kff.org/medicaid/issue-brief/status-of-state-medicaid-expansion-decisions-interactive-map/.

Number of adults in the coverage gap:

Rachel Garfield, Kendal Orgera, and Anthony Damico. The Coverage Gap: Uninsured Poor Adults in States that Do Not Expand Medicaid (Washington, DC: KFF, January 2021),  https://www.kff.org/medicaid/issue-brief/the-coverage-gap-uninsured-poor-adults-in-states-that-do-not-expand-medicaid//.

Number of adults in the expansion group:

State Health Facts. “Medicaid Expansion Enrollment, 2021.” KFF, https://www.kff.org/health-reform/state-indicator/medicaid-expansion-enrollment/.

Median eligibility levels:

    • Note: Data includes eligibility through CHIP, see SHF Indicator for more information.

Medicaid covers:

Share of non-elderly Medicaid enrollees who are people of color:
State Health Facts. "Distribution of the Nonelderly with Medicaid by Race/Ethnicity, 2019" KFF, https://www.kff.org/medicaid/state-indicator/medicaid-distribution-nonelderly-by-raceethnicity/?currentTimeframe=0&sortModel=%7B%22colId%22:%22Location%22,%22sort%22:%22asc%22%7D.

Share of adult Medicaid enrollees who are working:
Rachel Garfield, Robin Rudowitz, Madeline Guth, Kendal Orgera, and Elizabeth Hinton. Work Among Medicaid Adults: Implications of Economic Downturn and Work Requirements. (Washington, DC: KFF, February 2021). https://www.kff.org/coronavirus-covid-19/issue-brief/work-among-medicaid-adults-implications-of-economic-downturn-and-work-requirements/.

Medicaid enrollees & expenditures:

Medicaid spending by service:

Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP)

Births Covered by Medicaid:

State Health Facts. “Births Financed by Medicaid”, KFF, https://www.kff.org/medicaid/state-indicator/births-financed-by-medicaid/?currentTimeframe=0&sortModel=%7B%22colId%22:%22Location%22,%22sort%22:%22asc%22%7D.

Medicaid 12-month postpartum coverage extension:

State Health Facts. “Status of State Adoption of 12-Months Postpartum Coverage in Medicaid, September 23“, KFF, https://www.kff.org/other/state-indicator/status-of-state-adoption-of-12-months-postpartum-coverage-in-medicaid/?currentTimeframe=0&sortModel=%7B%22colId%22:%22Location%22,%22sort%22:%22asc%22%7D.

12-month continuous Medicaid eligibility for children:

State Health Facts. “State Adoption of 12-Month Continuous Eligibility for Children’s Medicaid and CHIP, January 2022“, KFF, https://www.kff.org/health-reform/state-indicator/state-adoption-of-12-month-continuous-eligibility-for-childrens-medicaid-and-chip/?currentTimeframe=0&sortModel=%7B%22colId%22:%22Location%22,%22sort%22:%22asc%22%7D.

12-Months Postpartum coverage adoption:

State Health Facts. "Status of State Adoption of 12-Months Postpartum Coverage in Medicaid" https://www.kff.org/other/state-indicator/status-of-state-adoption-of-12-months-postpartum-coverage-in-medicaid/?currentTimeframe=0&sortModel=%7B%22colId%22:%22Location%22,%22sort%22:%22asc%22%7D.

Medicaid Coverage of Women Ages 15 – 49:

KFF analysis of the Current Population Survey (CPS), 2020.  Ivette Gomez, Usha Ranji, Alina Salganicoff, and Brittni Frederiksen. Medicaid Coverage for Women (San Francisco, CA: KFF, February 2022), https://www.kff.org/womens-health-policy/issue-brief/medicaid-coverage-for-women/

Share of those that hold favorable views of Medicaid:

Ashley Kirzinger, Cailey Muñana, and Mollyann Brodie. Kaiser Health Tracking Poll – July 2019: The Future of the ACA and Possible Changes to the Current System, Preview of Priorities Heading Into 2nd Democratic Debate (San Francisco, CA: KFF, July 2019), https://www.kff.org/health-reform/poll-finding/kff-health-tracking-poll-july-2019/.

National access measures:

KFF analysis of National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), 2021. Doctor visit among nonelderly adults (ages 18 to 64) refers to any health professional in the past year, Delayed or Went Without Care Due to Cost refers to going without care in the past year.

 

 

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