Donor Funding for the Global Novel Coronavirus Response

First reported at the end of December 2019, the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic shows no sign of abating, as spread continues around the world. While donors are providing support to the World Health Organization (WHO), other multilateral organizations, and directly to address needs in low- and middle-income countries, there is currently no centralized repository for this information. This tracker provides an accounting of publicly available information on donor funding to date; estimates should be treated as a floor. Not included is funding from governments for their own domestic response efforts or commitments focused on economic stimulus or recovery efforts related to the outbreak (such as an $8 billion commitment from the World Bank’s International Finance Corporation or a $100 billion commitment to its emergency rapid-disbursing capacity1 from the International Monetary Fund).2 This tracker will be updated as needed. Data are provided in the table below, including by donor, funding amount, purpose or recipient, and source. Key highlights are as follows.

  • As of April 21, 2020, donors (including governments, multilateral organizations, and private funders) have pledged or distributed an estimated $19.3 billion in overall financial support for the COVID-19 response. This includes donor assistance provided directly to countries as well as their contributions to the World Health Organization (WHO).
  • The vast majority (85%) was provided by donor governments (including the U.S.), the World Bank, and other multilateral organizations. The remainder (15%) came from non-profits, foundations, and businesses.
  • The largest donor to date is the World Bank3 ($6 billion), followed by the Asian Development Bank ($4.87 billion), the United States ($2.39 billion), Start Small LLC/Start Small Foundation (up to $1.21 billion), and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (up to $1 billion). This makes the U.S. the largest donor government.

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Table 1: Pledged Donor Funding for the Global Response to the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19), Jan. – April 21, 2020
Donor Estimated Funding
(in US$ millions) 
Purpose or Recipient Data Source
TOTAL 19,292.736
Donor Governments and Multilateral Organizations 16,469.695
Asian Development Bank 4,869.100 Coronavirus relief efforts in Asia, UNICEF Asian Development Bank, OCHA, UNICEF
Australia           4.186 WFP, UNICEF, WHO’s Pacific regional coronavirus response plan OCHA, WHO, Australia
Austria           2.205 WHO OCHA
Azerbaijan           5.000 WHO WHO, OCHA
Canada 55.530 FAO, Intl. Committee of the Red Cross, Intl. Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, IOM, PAHO, UNICEF, UNHCR, UNFPA, UNRWA, WFP, WHO OCHA, Canada, WHO
China 20.100 WHO WHO, China, OCHA
Czech Republic             0.258 WHO WHO, Czech Republic, OCHA
Denmark 58.917 Adventist Development and Relief Agency, Danish People’s Aid, Intl. Committee of the Red Cross, Intl. Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, Save the Children, UNICEF, UNHCR, UNFPA, WFP, WHO OCHA
Estonia           0.137 Intl. Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, WHO, China OCHA
European Union 544.996 WHO, UNICEF, coronavirus relief activities in Africa and elsewhere European Commission, European Commission/2, WHO, OCHA
Finland           2.195 WHO, Intl. Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent OCHA, WHO
France 165.026 19 priority countries for French aid in Africa, in the ocean basins (Madagascar, Comoros, Haiti) as well as in the Middle East; WHO France, OCHA, WHO, WHO/Tedros (France)
Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance Up to 200.000 A subset of lower-income countries to quickly respond to the pandemic Gavi
Germany 54.973 WHO, World Relief, IOM, World Relief Germany, WHO, OCHA
Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria Up to 1,000.000 Global Fund recipients Global Fund
Holy See             0.112 WHO WHO, OCHA
Ireland             5.181 WHO, UNICEF WHO, Ireland, OCHA
Italy             0.455 WHO WHO, OCHA
Japan         138.914 WHO, UNICEF, UNHCR, UNOPS, WFP, IOM, Intl. Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies OCHA, WHO
Kuwait           60.000 WHO WHO, OCHA
Liechtenstein             0.423 WHO, WFP OCHA
Lithuania             0.113 International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies OCHA
Luxembourg             0.392 WHO, UNICEF OCHA, WHO
Malta             0.011 UNICEF UNICEF
New Zealand             0.649 WHO WHO, OCHA
Norway             7.341 WHO, WFP OCHA, WHO, Norway
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries Fund*             0.500 WHO OCHA
Qatar             5.000 WHO WHO, OCHA
Russia             1.000 WHO OCHA
Saudi Arabia 350.000 WHO, Gavi, international and regional health organizations and programs, coronavirus relief efforts in specific countries Saudi Arabia, OCHA, WHO, WHO/Tedros (Saudi Arabia), WHO/Tedros (Saudia Arabia/2)
Singapore             0.500 WHO WHO, OCHA
Slovakia             0.221 WHO WHO, Slovakia, OCHA
Slovenia             0.068 WHO WHO, OCHA
South Korea 5.800 WHO, UNICEF OCHA, WHO/Tedros (South Korea)
Sweden 6.973 UNICEF, UNHCR OCHA
Switzerland             1.999 Intl. Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, WHO, China, North Korea OCHA, Switzerland, WHO
U.N. Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)* 95.000 WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, IOM,  UNHCR, UNDP, FAO, UN-Habitat, WFP CERF, WHO, WHO release, OCHA
UNDP Multi-Partner Trust Fund* 1.498 WHO WHO
United Kingdom 337.476 WHO, International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, UNICEF, UNHCR, UNFPA, WFP, British Red Cross, other coronavirus relief efforts in vulnerable countries United Kingdom (4/12), OCHA, WHO, United Kingdom (3/26), United Kingdom (3/6), United Kingdom (2/8)
United States 2,394.000 Prevent, prepare for, and respond to coronavirus abroad, WHO, UNICEF, China, other impacted countries (both directly and through multilateral orgs) H.R. 748, H.R. 6074, State Dept, USAID, WHO, OCHA
U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)*           64.545 WHO, UNICEF, specific country responses OCHA, WHO
WHO Contingency Fund for Emergencies (CFE)* 8.900 WHO WHO/CFE
World Bank 6,000.000 WHO; help developing countries (prioritizing the poorest countries and those at high risk with low capacity) strengthen health systems, including better access to health services to safeguard people from the epidemic, strengthening disease surveillance, bolstering public health interventions World Bank (3/17), World Bank, WHO, OCHA
     International Development Association (IDA) 3,300.000 will provide grants and low-interest loans for low-income countries World Bank
     International Bank of Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) up to 2,700.000 will provide loans for middle -income countries World Bank
Non-Profits, Foundations, and Businesses 2,823.040  
Adani Foundation 13.116 India/PM’s Citizen Assistance and Relief in Emergency Situations Fund (PM CARES Fund) Gautam Adani
Alibaba 144.000 Coronavirus relief efforts in Wuhan and Hubei province, China Axios
Align Technology, Inc. 0.143 Chinese Red Cross Foundation U.S. Chamber Foundation
Aliko Dangote Foundation 5.200 Coronavirus relief efforts in Nigeria Forbes
Allianz/Allianz China Insurance Holding 0.570 Coronavirus relief efforts in China U.S. Chamber Foundation
American Express/American Express Foundation 3.753 WHO, Hubei Red Cross Foundation, Give2Asia, The Resource Foundation for relief organizations in Mexico and South America, various government relief funds at the central and state level in India U.S. Chamber Foundation
Amgen/Amgen Foundation Up to 12.500 Global and U.S. coronavirus relief efforts Amgen
Anta Sports 1.446 Chinese Charity Federation FDRA
Apple 15.000 Coronavirus relief efforts in China, globally Apple, Reuters
Applied Materials and Applied Materials Foundation 0.574 Coronavirus relief efforts in China U.S. Chamber Foundation
Baidu 43.377 Coronavirus relief efforts in China Baidu
Bayer 0.660 Coronavirus relief efforts in Wuhan, China Bayer
BD 1.100 Coronavirus relief efforts in China, U.S., and elsewhere through Direct Relief, the International Medical Corps, Americares, WHO, Project HOPE, the CDC Foundation, and the Wuhan Red Cross BD
BHP 0.100 Coronavirus relief efforts in Mexico BHP
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 190.000 WHO, coronavirus relief efforts in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, Chinese frontline responders, others at the global and national levels Gates Foundation, Gates Foundation/2
Binance 1.440 Coronavirus relief efforts U.S. Chamber Foundation
Bloomberg 40.000 WHO, coronavirus relief efforts in low- and middle-income countries, Bloomberg press release, OCHA
Boehringer Ingelheim 0.144 Chinese Red Cross Foundation Boehringer Ingelheim
BUA Cement 0.772 Coronavirus relief efforts in Nigeria Forbes
ByteDance 28.918 Chinese Red Cross Foundation China Daily
Cargill 0.288 Chinese Red Cross U.S. Chamber Foundation
Caterpillar Foundation 8.750 WHO, China Women’s Development Foundation, other organizations and COVID-19 funds around the world, including the U.S. Caterpillar
Chevron/Chevron Global Community Fund 0.300 China Women’s Development Foundation U.S. Chamber Foundation
China Merchants Bank 28.918 Coronavirus Infection Pneumonia Epidemic Prevention and Control Headquarters in Wuhan China Merchants Bank
Chubb Charitable Foundation 9.000 Organizations around the world that are providing essential resources immediately in areas facing the most acute need from the COVID-19 pandemic Chubb
Cisco 8.000 WHO, global coronavirus response Cisco
Citadel and Citadel Securities 7.500 Hubei Xinhua Hospital in Wuhan, China; coronavirus relief efforts in Hubei province, China, and in U.S.; assisting affected families Citadel
Citi Foundation 10.000 WHO, international country-specific efforts in places that are severely impacted U.S. Chamber Foundation
Clara Lionel Foundation 6.000 WHO, International Rescue Committee, Direct Relief, Feeding America, Partners in Health, Medecins Sans Frontieres Clara Lionel Foundation, Clara Lionel Foundation/2
Clorox Company Foundation 4.000 Direct Relief, CDC Foundation U.S. Chamber Foundation
Coca-Cola Foundation 5.350 Amref Health Africa, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, Shenzhen One Foundation, U.P. Medical Foundation, UNDP country programs, various Red Cross societies, and other organizations Coca-Cola Foundation
Conrad N. Hilton Foundation/King Baudouin Foundation United States 5.250 Coronavirus relief efforts in the African region through WHO/AFRO, UNICEF, Shining Hope for Communities (Kenya) Hilton, Hilton/2, WHO, OCHA
Dalio Philanthropies/Bridgewater Associates LP 10.000 Peking University First Hospital, Union Hospital for Clinical Care, three medical teams led by academics in Wuhan, China Bloomberg (2/17)
Dell, Inc. 0.288 Chinese Red Cross U.S. Chamber Foundation
Denso Group 0.145 Red Cross Society of China U.S. Chamber Foundation
Dow Company Foundation 2.000 WHO, Direct Relief, local and regional non-profit organizations around the globe Dow
Education Cannot Wait Fund 0.500 Plan International OCHA
Estée Lauder Companies and MAC Cosmetics VIVA GLAM Fund 14.200 Medecins Sans Frontieres, coronavirus relief efforts in China and other regions and countries Estee Lauder
Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) 10.000 WHO OCHA
FUZAMEI 0.014 Coronavirus relief efforts U.S. Chamber Foundation
Galaxy Entertainment Group Foundation 2.500 Coronavirus relief efforts U.S. Chamber Foundation
General Motors 0.715 Chinese Red Cross Foundation U.S. Chamber Foundation
Google.org 50.000 Coronavirus relief efforts, Hubei Red Cross Foundation U.S. Chamber Foundation
Henderson Land Development Co. 1.400 Anti-epidemic foundation Bloomberg (2/10)
Hewlett Packard Foundation 1.000 Direct Relief U.S. Chamber Foundation
Hispanics in Philanthropy 0.200 Frontline organizations responding to the immediate needs of migrants and refugees to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic along the Central America, Mexico and U.S. migrant corridor HIP
Honda Motor Company, LTD.& Honda Motor (China) Investment Co., Ltd. 1.431 Red Cross in Hubei province, China U.S. Chamber Foundation
Huami 1.500 Coronavirus relief efforts in Wuhan, China U.S. Chamber Foundation
iFlyTek 1.400 Coronavirus relief efforts U.S. Chamber Foundation
Intel/Intel Foundation 5.000 International Red Cross, coronavirus relief efforts in U.S., Costa Rica, India, Ireland, Israel, Malaysia, Mexico and Vietnam Intel
J.P. Morgan 1.000 China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation U.S. Chamber Foundation
JSPL 3.300 India/PM CARES Fund Forbes
JSW Group 13.200 Coronavirus relief efforts in India Forbes
Kering 1.100 Red Cross in Hubei province, China U.S. Chamber Foundation
Kimberly-Clark and the Kimberly-Clark Foundation 5.000 UNICEF, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, American Red Cross U.S. Chamber Foundation
Kotak Mahindra Bank 5.000 Coronavirus relief efforts in India, India/PM CARES Fund Forbes
Kuaishou 14.459 Wuhan, China, municipal government Kuaishou
Las Vegas Sands Corporation 2.500 Coronavirus relief efforts U.S. Chamber Foundation
Li Ka Shing Foundation 13.000 Red Cross Society of China Bloomberg (2/10)
Lilly China 0.150 Red Cross U.S. Chamber Foundation
Lilly Foundation 0.250 Coronavirus relief efforts in China by Direct Relief and Project HOPE U.S. Chamber Foundation
L’Oreal 0.720 Coronavirus relief efforts in China U.S. Chamber Foundation
LVMH 2.300 Coronavirus relief efforts U.S. Chamber Foundation
Lysol 2.000 CDC Foundation U.S. Chamber Foundation
Mastercard 0.300 China Development Fund U.S. Chamber Foundation
Medtronic/Medtronic Foundation 1.500 Coronavirus relief efforts U.S. Chamber Foundation
Meituan Public Welfare Foundation 28.918 Coronavirus relief efforts in China Meituan-Dianping
Melco Resorts & Entertainment 2.600 Coronavirus relief efforts U.S. Chamber Foundation
Merck 1.120 WHO, CDC Foundation, Direct Relief, Project HOPE, Given2Asia, Chinese Red Cross Foundation U.S. Chamber Foundation
MGM Resorts International/MGM China Holdings 2.500 Coronavirus relief efforts U.S. Chamber Foundation
Michael and Susan Dell Foundation 80.000 Coronavirus relief efforts across the world, other efforts Dell Foundation
Micron Foundation 0.143 Give2Asia for support of frontline health workers and hospitals U.S. Chamber Foundation
Microsoft 0.144 Coronavirus relief efforts in Wuhan and Hubei province, China U.S. Chamber Foundation
Midea Group 14.375 Red Cross Society of Hubei provision, China U.S. Chamber Foundation
Mike Adenuga Foundation 4.095 Coronavirus relief efforts in Nigeria Guardian Nigeria
Mondelez International/Mondelez International Foundation 15.000 Coronavirus relief efforts in China and other countries, including the U.S. U.S. Chamber Foundation, Mondelez
Moody’s Corporation 0.600 WHO, Direct Relief, Medecins Sans Frontiers, Save the Children, Give2Asia, coronavirus relief efforts in U.S. U.S. Chamber Foundation
Morgan Stanley 8.500 WHO, CDC Foundation, coronavirus relief efforts in Wuhan, China, and elsewhere Morgan Stanley
Muyuan Group/Qin Yinglin and Qian Ying 28.918 Coronavirus relief efforts in China Muyuan Group
New World Development Group 7.000 Coronavirus relief efforts in Greater China Forbes
New York Life 0.450 Center for Disaster Philanthropy’s Covid-19 Response Fund, CDC Foundation U.S. Chamber Foundation
Nike 3.100 WHO, China Youth Development Foundation, community partners across Europe, Middle East and Africa U.S. Chamber Foundation
PepsiCo Foundation 17.000 Coronavirus relief efforts in Latin America, Africa, the Middle East, South Asia, Asia Pacific, Australia, New Zealand, and China U.S. Chamber Foundation
Pfizer Foundation 0.500 Coronavirus relief efforts in China by Direct Relief and Project HOPE U.S. Chamber Foundation
Poul Due Jensen/Grundfos Foundation 4.145 Emergency relief funding, including for WASH efforts U.S. Chamber Foundation
Procter & Gamble 1.144 Direct Relief, coronavirus relief efforts in China Procter & Gamble
Prudential Financial 1.500 UNICEF, Fosun Foundation (China) Prudential
PUBG 0.430 Chinese Red Cross Korea Herald
Qualcomm 1.000 WHO, Chinese Red Cross U.S. Chamber Foundation
Ralph Lauren Corporate Foundation 10.000 WHO, Council of Fashion Designers of America (CFDA) / Vogue Fashion Fund for COVID-19 relief, support for people with cancer, support for employees U.S. Chamber Foundation
Reliance Foundation 66.700 Coronavirus relief efforts in India Reliance Foundation, Business Insider
S&P Global Foundation 2.000 UNICEF, Direct Relief, Give2Asia, other nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) focused on supporting food scarcity, medical supplies and broad COVID-19 response U.S. Chamber Foundation
Salesforce 3.000 CDC Foundation, San Francisco’s Give2SF Fund,  UCSF’s COVID-19 Response Fund U.S. Chamber Foundation
Sawiris Foundation for Social Development 6.400 Coronavirus relief efforts in Egypt Forbes
SC Johnson 1.143 CDC Foundation, Chinese Red Cross U.S. Chamber Foundation
Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation (SMIC) 1.429 Shanghai Charity Foundation, coronavirus relief efforts in China SMIC
Shimao Property Holdings Ltd 3.900 Coronavirus relief efforts Bloomberg (2/10)
Shiseido 1.578 Shanghai Charity Foundation, Charity Federation of Wuhan Shiseido
SJM Holdings Ltd 2.500 Coronavirus relief efforts in Hubei province, China SJM Holdings
Smilegate Group 1.430 Chinese authorities to combat the coronavirus Smilegate Foundation
Sony 10.000 WHO, Medecins Sans Frontieres, UNICEF, UNHCR U.S. Chamber Foundation
Stanley Black & Decker 4.000 COVID-19 focused nonprofit organizations U.S. Chamber Foundation
Starbucks 0.432 Chinese Red Cross Foundation U.S. Chamber Foundation
Start Small LLC/Start Small Foundation ^ Up to 1,209.441 Global COVID-19 relief Jack Dorsey
Suncity Group 3.800 Coronavirus relief efforts U.S. Chamber Foundation
Swarovski 0.434 Coronavirus relief efforts U.S. Chamber Foundation
TE Connectivity/TE Foundation 1.175 Direct Relief, Americares, Shanghai Charity Federation, identification and production of treatments for COVID-19 U.S. Chamber Foundation
Tencent Charity Foundation 214.715 Fund for coronavirus relief efforts in Hubei province, China, and other affected areas, Tsinghua University Education Foundation, Global Health Drug Discovery Institute Tencent
Texas Instruments 0.300 China Youth Development Foundation U.S. Chamber Foundation
The Hartford 1.000 CDC Foundation, Center for Disaster Philanthropy’s COVID-19 Response Fund, other coronavirus relief efforts The Hartford
Tiffany & Co. 0.750 WHO U.S. Chamber Foundation
TikTok 150.000 WHO, CDC Foundation, global coronavirus relief efforts TikTok
Twilio 0.500 WHO U.S. Chamber Foundation
UBS 1.000 “Frontline responders” in China U.S. Chamber Foundation
UNICEF National Committee/Canada             0.345 UNICEF OCHA
UNICEF National Committee/Denmark             1.449 UNICEF OCHA
UNICEF National Committee/Sweden             0.211 UNICEF OCHA
Unilever           50.000 Global hygiene campaign to help stop the spread of the coronavirus U.S. Chamber Foundation
U.S. Fund for UNICEF             0.366 UNICEF OCHA
Vedanta Group           26.500 Coronavirus relief efforts in India, India/PM CARES Fund Forbes
Varian Medical Systems 1.000 Coronavirus prevention and relief efforts U.S. Chamber Foundation
Verizon 7.000 Center for Disaster Philanthropy’s COVID-19 Response Fund, Direct Relief, WHO Verizon, Verizon/2
Versace 0.143 Chinese Red Cross Foundation U.S. Chamber Foundation
Visa 10.000 Coronavirus relief efforts U.S. Chamber Foundation
Vital Strategies/Resolve to Save Lives 0.750 WHO for readiness scale-up for COVID-19 in African region and selected countries OCHA, WHO
Walmart/Walmart Foundation 5.000 WHO Walmart
WeMade 0.143 Hubei Charity Federation Korea Herald
Wilbur-Ellis 0.100 Red Cross, directed to U.S., Canada, and Asia-Pacific U.S. Chamber Foundation
Wynn Macau 2.500 Coronavirus relief efforts U.S. Chamber Foundation
Xilinx 1.100 WHO, UCSF’s COVID-19 Response Fund, other efforts U.S. Chamber Foundation
Xylem Watermark 3.000 Coronavirus relief efforts U.S. Chamber Foundation
Zhejiang Geely Holding Group/Li Shufu Public Welfare Foundation 28.380 Coronavirus relief efforts in Hubei, Guangdong, Zhejiang and Henan provinces, as well as other areas around the China Zhejiang Geely Holding Group
NOTES: Amounts may not sum to subtotals/total due to rounding. * Multiple countries contribute to these pooled funding mechanisms. U.N. is United Nations. WHO is World Health Organization. UNICEF is United Nations Children’s Fund. WHO has issued a strategic response plan that enumerates resource needs for global COVID-19 response activities from February through April 2020, focusing largely on those of low- and middle-income countries, and OCHA has issued a global humanitarian response plan that enumerates resource needs for the U.N. coordinated effort to address the needs provided by the COVID-19 pandemic for the most vulnerable. WHO is also reporting funding it has received specifically for WHO activities. A small portion of funding may be donated to U.S. relief, but where included, the amount could not be disaggregated. ^ The value of this funding fluctuates on a daily basis; this was the value on April 22, 2020.

Funding in this table is attributed:

  • to donor governments for novel coronavirus when designated for this purpose, whether provided bilaterally to China or another country, non-profit organizations, or others, or provided multilaterally through a multilateral organization or instrument;
  • to a multilateral organization where that multilateral organization specifically designated general funds for this purpose;
  • to other organizations, such as non-profit organizations, foundations, and businesses, when designated for this purpose.

We did not include funding spent by countries on domestic responses to novel coronavirus, in-kind contributions, matching campaigns, or funding predominantly focused on research. The estimate is a floor, as funding from some donors, particularly private sector companies, is not easily identifiable.

Endnotes
  1. Includes funds to its Rapid Credit Facility that provides zero-interest loans for low-income countries.

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  2. If additional details become available that show any of this funding will be provided on concessional terms for the health response, this data note and funding totals within it will be updated.

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  3. Specifically, its International Development Association (IDA) and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD).

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