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Living in an Immigrant Family in America: How Fear and Toxic Stress are Affecting Daily Life, Well-Being, & Health

Executive Summary
  1. Kaiser Family Foundation, Health Coverage and Care for Immigrants, (Washington, DC: Kaiser Family Foundation, December 2017), https://www.kff.org/disparities-policy/fact-sheet/health-coverage-of-immigrants.

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  2. Ibid.

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Issue Brief
  1. Kaiser Family Foundation, Health Coverage and Care for Immigrants, (Washington, DC: Kaiser Family Foundation, December 2017), https://www.kff.org/disparities-policy/fact-sheet/health-coverage-of-immigrants/.

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  2. Ibid.

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  3. Since these groups were conducted, the Department of Homeland Security announced that TPS will be eliminated for people from Nicaragua effective January 5, 2019. Department of Homeland Security, Acting Secretary Elaine Duke Announcement on Temporary Protected Status for Nicaragua and Honduras, (Washington, DC: Department of Homeland Security, November 6, 2017), https://www.dhs.gov/news/2017/11/06/acting-secretary-elaine-duke-announcement-temporary-protected-status-nicaragua-and.

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  4. Lisa M Edwards and Jacki Black, Stress Related to Immigration Status in Students: A Brief Guide for Schools, (Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University: February 2017), http://www.marquette.edu/education/news/documents/Immigration-RelatedStress-AGuideforSchools.pdf; Omar Martinez, Elwin Wu, Theo Sandfort, et. al., “Evaluating the Impact of Immigration Policies on Health Status Among Undocumented Immigrants: A Systematic Review,” Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 17, 3 (June 2015):947-970; Human Impact Partners, Family Unity, Family Health: How Family-Focused Immigration Reform Will Mean Better Health for Children and Families, (Oakland, CA: Human Impact Partners, June 2013), http://www.familyunityfamilyhealth.org/uploads/images/FamilyUnityFamilyHealth.pdf; Jorge Delva, Pilar Horner, Ramiro Martinez, et. al., “Mental Health Problems of Children of Undocumented Parents in the United States: A Hidden Crisis,” Journal of Community Positive Practices XIII, 3 (2013):25-35; Karen Hacker, Jocelyn Chu, Carolyn Leung, et. al., “The Impact of Immigration and Customs Enforcement on Immigrant Health: Perceptions of Immigrants in Everett, Massachusetts, USA,” Social Science & Medicine 73, 4 (August 2011):586-594; David K Androff, Cecilia Ayon, David Becerra, et. al., “U.S. Immigration Policy and Immigrant Children’s Well-being: The Impact of Policy Shifts,” The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare 38, 1 (March 2011):77-98; Ajay Chaudry, Randy Capps, Juan Manuel Pedroza, et. al., Facing Our Future: Children in the Aftermath of Immigration Enforcement, (Washington, DC: Urban Institute, February 2010), https://www.urban.org/sites/default/files/publication/28331/412020-Facing-Our-Future.PDF; Randy Capps, Rosa Maria Castañeda, Ajay Chaudry, and Robert Santos, Paying the Price: The Impact of Immigration Raids on America’s Children, Prepared for the National Council of La Raza, (Washington, DC: Urban Institute, 2007): https://www.urban.org/sites/default/files/publication/46811/411566-Paying-the-Price-The-Impact-of-Immigration-Raids-on-America-s-Children.PDF.

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  5. American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), “AAP Statement on Protection Immigrant Children,” [Website], January 25, 2017, Accessed September 18, 2017, https://www.aap.org/en-us/about-the-aap/aap-press-room/Pages/AAPStatementonProtectingImmigrantChildren.aspx.

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  6. Center on the Developing Child, NGA Center for Best Practices, and National Conference on State Legislatures, In Brief: The Impact of Early Adversity on Children’s Development, (Cambridge, MA: Center on the Developing Child, Harvard University, 2015), https://46y5eh11fhgw3ve3ytpwxt9r-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/inbrief-adversity-1.pdf; Hillary A Franke, “Toxic Stress: Effects, Prevention and Treatment,” Children 1 (2014):390-402; Sara B Johnson, Anne W Riley, Douglas A Granger, and Jenna Riis, “The Science of Early Life Toxic Stress for Pediatric Practice and Advocacy,” Pediatrics 131, 2 (February 2013):319-327; Jack P Shonkoff, Andrew S Garner, et. al., “The Lifelong Effects of Early Childhood Adversity and Toxic Stress,” Pediatrics 129, 1 (2012):e232-e246; Committee on Psychosocial Aspects of Child and Family Health, et. al., “Early Childhood Adversity, Toxic Stress, and the Role of the Pediatrician: Translating Developmental Science into Lifelong Health,” Pediatrics 129, 1(2012):e224-e231; National Scientific Council on the Developing, Child Persistent Fear and Anxiety Can Affect Young Children’s Learning and Development: Working Paper No. 9, (Cambridge, MA: National Scientific Council on the Developing Child, 2010), http://www.developingchild.net; Jack P Shonkoff, W Thomas Boyce and Bruce S McEwen, “Neuroscience, Molecular Biology, and the Childhood Roots of Health Disparities: Building a New Framework for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention,” Journal of the American Medical Association 301, 201 (2009):2252-2259; Jennifer S Middlebrooks and Natalie C Audage, The Effects of Childhood Stress on Health Across the Lifespan, (Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2008), http://health-equity.lib.umd.edu/932/1/Childhood_Stress.pdf; Stanley D Rosenberg, Weili Lu, Kim T Mueser, et. al., “Correlates of Adverse Childhood Events Among Adults with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders,” Psychiatric Services 58, 2 (2007): 245-253; Shanta R Dube, Robert F Anda, Vicent J Felitti, et. al., “Childhood Abuse, Household Dysfunction, and the Rise of Attempted Suicide Throughout the Life Span: Findings from the Adverse Childhood Experiences Study,” JAMA 286, 24 (December 2001): 3089-3096; Vincent J Felitti, Robert F Anda, Dale Nordenberg, et. al., “Relationship of Childhood Abuse and Household Dysfunction to Many of the Leading Casues of Death in Adults: The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 14, 4 (1998):245-258.

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Appendices
  1. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, Data Set: Form I-821D Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals as of June 30, 2017, (Washington, DC: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, September 20, 2017), https://www.uscis.gov/sites/default/files/USCIS/Resources/Reports%20and%20Studies/Immigration%20Forms%20Data/.

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  2. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, Approximate Active DACA Recipients: Country of Birth As of September 4, 2017, (Washington, DC: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, September 4, 2017), https://www.uscis.gov/sites/default/files/USCIS/Resources/Reports%20and%20Studies/Immigration%20Forms%20Data/.

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  3. National Immigration Law Center, “DACA,” [Website], Accessed December 1, 2017, https://www.nilc.org/issues/daca/.

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  4. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, “Temporary Protected Status for Sudan to Terminate in November 2018,” [Press Release], September 18, 2017, Accessed December 7, 2017, https://www.uscis.gov/news/news-releases/temporary-protected-status-sudan-terminate-november-2018

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  5. U.S. Department of Homeland Security, “Acting Secretary Elaine Duke Announcement on Temporary Protected Status for Nicaragua and Honduras,” [Press Release], November 6, 2017, Accessed December 1, 2017, https://www.dhs.gov/news/2017/11/06/acting-secretary-elaine-duke-announcement-temporary-protected-status-nicaragua-and.

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  6. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, “In-Country Refugee/Parole Processing for Minors in Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala (Central American Minors – CAM),” [Website], November 15, 2017, Accessed December 1, 2017, https://www.uscis.gov/CAM.

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  7. U.S. Department of Homeland Security, “Acting Secretary Elaine Duke Announcement on Temporary Protected Status for Haiti,” [Press Release], November 20, 2017, Accessed December 1, 2017, https://www.dhs.gov/news/2017/11/20/acting-secretary-elaine-duke-announcement-temporary-protected-status-haiti.

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  8. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, “Permanent Resident Alien,” [Website], Accessed December 1, 2017, https://www.uscis.gov/tools/glossary/permanent-resident-alien.

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  9. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, “Refugees & Asylum,” [Website], Accessed December 1, 2017, https://www.uscis.gov/humanitarian/refugees-asylum.

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  10. Ibid.

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  11. National Immigration Law Center, “DACA,” [Website], Accessed December 1, 2017, https://www.nilc.org/issues/daca/.

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