Clinical Research/R&D

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South Africa Launches HIV/AIDS Research Initiative

South Africa’s Science and Technology Minister Naledi Pandor on Tuesday announced a government-sponsored research initiative that “aims to combat HIV and AIDS through scientific and technological research, the development of new drugs, diagnostic tests and vaccines,” SAPA/IOL reports (7/28).

Study Helps To Determine Malaria Susceptibility In Children

Children who were exposed to Plasmodium falciparum “malaria before birth become tolerant to the malaria parasite, or their soluble products,” according to a PLoS Medicine study, which has “unravelled the mystery behind why some children are more susceptible to malaria infection and anaemia,” ANI/Newstrack India reports.

Effort Launched To Strengthen African Medical Labs

The U.S., WHO and representatives from 13 African countries on Monday launched an effort to boost the standards for quality medical labs on the continent, VOA News reports.

IAS Conference: Low-Cost CD4 Tests; HIV Prevalence Among Pregnant Zimbabweans; Treating HIV-TB With ARVs; Vaccine Trials

The following are stories from this week’s 5th International AIDS Society (IAS) Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention meeting in Cape Town, South Africa: SciDev.Net: Steven Reid of the Imperial College London spoke of three prototype tests he and his colleagues have been working on that would help to increase access to CD4…

Global Health Officials Working To Prevent H1N1 Spread

“Global health officials are scrambling to try to prevent the spread of the H1N1 swine flu virus, with U.S. officials moving Thursday with a recommendation that the Food and Drug Administration approve or license a [new H1N1] vaccine,” without waiting on the results from “clinical trials to test its safety and efficacy,” Wall Street Journal reports (Dooren/Winning, 7/24).

Recent Releases On Global Health

Lancet Commends U.K. All-Parliamentary Group on AIDS Call For HIV Drug Patent Pool A Lancet editorial examines recent recommendations by the U.K. All-Parliamentary Group on AIDS for pharmaceutical companies to implement an HIV drug patent pool – an appeal, “Drug companies have dismissed” in the past. The authors conclude, “Although…

Typhoid Vaccine Effectively Prevents Disease In Children, Study Finds

“A typhoid vaccine proved effective in the slums of India, where it not only helped prevent infection in children who received it, but also those in close contact who were unvaccinated,” according to a New England Journal of Medicine study published on Thursday, the AP/Washington Post reports (Chang, 7/22).

Prevention, Vaccines Addressed At IAS Conference

During the 5th International AIDS Society (IAS) Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention meeting in Cape Town, South Africa, scientists “renewed the call for more immediate and urgent effort to be directed towards HIV prevention amid the dominance of treatment interventions and the world-wide search for a quick fix vaccine, which many agree, is years away,” Health-e/allAfrica.com reports.