The “vast majority” of the world’s 13 million preterm births each year occur in developing countries where the babies’ “chances of survivals are low,” according to an article published Monday in the January issue of the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Reuters/ABCNews reports. The findings are based on research conducted between the mid-1990s and 2007.
A study, published on Thursday in PLoS One, finds that the “care at orphanages [in developing countries] is often at least as good as that given by families who take in orphaned or abandoned children,” challenging “the widespread belief that orphans in poor countries fare best in family-style homes in the community and should be put into orphanages only as a last resort,” the New York Times reports (Grady, 12/17).
Measles deaths fell from 733,000 in 2000 to 164,000 in 2008 â€“ 78 percent â€“ thanks, in part, to increased vaccination efforts that reached an estimated 700 million children, according to a report released Thursday by the U.S.-based Measles Initiative, Reuters reports.
A report released Wednesday by the Commission on AIDS in the Pacific region outlines the challenges of preventing the spread of HIV in “22 geographically and culturally diverse countries” of the Pacific and recommends efforts to scale up the region’s fight against HIV/AIDS, U.N. News Centre reports.
Marking World AIDS Day on Tuesday, U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon “warned … that new infections are outpacing the gains from treating people with the HIV virus” and that discrimination against HIV-positive people remains “widespread,” the Associated Press reports.
News outlets continued to examine the 2009 AIDS epidemic update released Tuesday by the WHO and UNAIDS: “The U.N. report said ‘AIDS continues to be a major public-health priority’ and called for more funds to support efforts to curb the epidemic and to distribute lifesaving drugs,” the Wall Street Journal reports. “The U.N. report also suggested that health authorities need to focus resources on those most at risk” (Fairclough, 11/25).
Global Fund Approves ‘In Principle’ $47M Grant For Reducing Spread Of HIV Among MSM, Transgender In South Asia
The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria has approved, “in principle,” a $47 million grant to reduce the spread of HIV among gay and other men who have sex with men in seven south Asian countries, IANS/Thaindian.com reports.
Experts at an American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene meeting this week said that resistance to the best available drug to treat malaria “is more widespread in Southeast Asia than previously reported,” Science News/Wired Science reports.
Chinese and WHO officials last week agreed to open a flu research center in Beijing, Bloomberg reports. “The new collaborating center for reference and research on influenza will join a network of WHO-affiliated labs in Atlanta, London, Tokyo and Melbourne that monitor flu strains and make recommendations on vaccines to fight the virus,” the news service writes.
“More than 24,000 infants die daily from preventable diseases in developing countries,” and child deaths have fallen in countries where governments “have shown a high level of political leadership on child health,” World Vision International said in a new report (.pdf) released on Monday as part of a five-year campaign to reduce child deaths worldwide, the Associated Press/San Francisco Chronicle reports.