KFF COVID-19 Vaccine Monitor

An ongoing research project tracking the public’s attitudes and experiences with COVID-19 vaccinations.

  • Vast Majorities Of Those Who Wanted To Get Vaccinated ASAP Have Received Vaccine, As Have Slightly More Than Half Of Those Who Wanted To "Wait And See"

    Six months after being initially interviewed, the latest Monitor report recontacted individuals and found the vast majority (92%) of those who planned to get vaccinated “as soon as possible” in early 2021 have received at least one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine, as have slightly more than half (54%) of individuals who had previously said they wanted to “wait and see” before getting vaccinated. On the other hand, a majority (76%) of people who had previously said they would “only get vaccinated if required” or said they would “definitely not” get a COVID-19 vaccine remain unvaccinated.

  • Most Vaccine Behaviors Match What People Planned To Do Six Months Ago; One In Five Were Either Vaccine Hesitant Or Resistant And Have Gotten Vaccinated

    Half of those who are currently vaccinated had reported back in January that they either had already received a dose or were planning on getting vaccinated as soon as possible. An additional one in five adults (21%) are now vaccinated after saying in January they planned on waiting to get vaccinated, would only get it if required, or would definitely not get vaccinated. One-third of adults remain unvaccinated after either planning to get it as soon as possible or were going to wait and see back in January (17%) or had said they were only going to get vaccinated if required or were definitely not getting a COVID-19 vaccine (16%).

Target Population Groups
  • COVID-19 Vaccine Enthusiasm Slows Across Racial And Ethnic Groups

  • Democrats Remain Most Enthusiastic About COVID-19 Vaccine

  • Vaccine Enthusiasm In Rural America Lags Compared To Urban And Suburban Areas

  • Many Unvaccinated Adults Remain Unsure About Their Eligibility, Lack Information About When Or Where They Can Get Vaccinated For COVID-19

    Lack of information is still a barrier to getting a COVID-19 vaccine for many adults, particularly people of color. Three in ten unvaccinated adults overall, rising to 42% of Hispanic adults, say they are not sure whether they’re currently eligible to get a vaccine in their state, even though eligibility is now open to all U.S. adults. In addition, one in five unvaccinated adults overall (29% of Hispanic adults) say they don’t have enough information about where to get a COVID-19 vaccine and 26% (45% of Hispanic adults) say they don’t have enough information about when they can get one.

  • Four In Ten Of Those Who Want To "Wait And See" Before Getting Vaccinated Say They Plan To Wait More Than A Year

    Among those who say they want to “wait and see” before getting vaccinated, a critical group to efforts to increase the adults vaccination rate, about a quarter (3% of all adults) say they plan to get vaccinated within the next three months. Notably, four in ten adults (37%) in the “wait and see” group say they are likely to wait more than a year before getting vaccinated

Concerns or Barriers
  • Most Workers Do Not Want Their Employer To Require COVID-19 Vaccination, But Vaccinated Workers Are Split

    Two-thirds of employed adults say their employer has encouraged workers to get vaccinated but most workers do not want their own employer to require vaccination, including the vast majority of unvaccinated workers (92%) as well as four in ten workers who are already vaccinated (42%).

  • More Than Half Say Colleges, Universities And K-12 Schools Should Require Students To Be Vaccinated; Fewer Parents Support K-12 Vaccination Requirements

    About half the public overall supports K-12 schools requiring COVID-19 vaccination, but most parents are opposed, with divisions along partisan lines. A somewhat larger share of the public (58%) says colleges and universities should require students to be vaccinated, including 58% of those who say they are currently undergraduate or graduate students.

messages and information
  • More Than Half Of The Public Believe Or Are Unsure About Some Common COVID-19 Vaccine Myths

    The April KFF Vaccine Monitor finds that a majority of adults (54%) either believe some common misinformation about the COVID-19 vaccines or are unsure whether these things are true or false. About one in four believe or are unsure whether you can get COVID-19 from the vaccine and one in five believe or are unsure whether those who have already had COVID-19 should not get vaccinated, whether the vaccines contain fetal cells, have been shown to cause infertility, or that the vaccine can change your DNA. Among younger adults ages 18 to 29, four in ten (42%) say they have heard that the COVID-19 has been shown to cause infertility, and about one in four either are unsure if that is true (22%) or believe that is true (5%).

  • Majorities Of Women, Independents, Republicans And Younger Adults Believe Or Are Unsure About At Least One Myth About The Vaccine

    A larger share of women (58%) than men (50%) believe or be unsure about at least one common myth surrounding the COVID-19 vaccine. Likewise, younger adults are more likely than those 65 and older to believe or be unsure about a vaccine myth. Across partisans, majorities of Republicans (58%) and independents (56%) believe or are unsure about at least one vaccine myth, compared to a smaller share of Democrats (43%).

  • Doctor's Offices, Pharmacies Top Locations Where People Would Prefer To Get COVID-19 Vaccine

    With COVID-19 vaccines increasingly becoming available at different locations across the U.S., we examined which locations people say they’d be willing to visit to get a COVID-19 vaccine, as well as the locations they would most prefer as vaccination sites. Individual doctor’s offices were at the top of both lists, but a range of locations were acceptable and preferred by different individuals

  • Half Of Adults Live In Fully Vaccinated Households While One Quarter Live In A Fully Unvaccinated Household

    Most adults live in homogenous households when it comes to COVID-19 vaccination status, with three-quarters (77%) of vaccinated adults saying everyone in their household is vaccinated and a similar share (75%) of unvaccinated adults saying no one they live with is vaccinated. Notably, two-thirds of Democrats report living in all-vaccinated households while four in ten Republicans (39%) report living in all-unvaccinated homes.


KFF COVID-19 Vaccine Monitor is an ongoing research project tracking the public’s attitudes and experiences with COVID-19 vaccinations. Using a combination of surveys and qualitative research, the Monitor tracks the dynamic nature of public opinion as vaccine development and distribution unfold, including vaccine confidence and acceptance, information needs, trusted messengers and messages, as well as the public’s experiences with vaccination. A list of all Vaccine Monitor reports is available here.

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Filling the need for trusted information on national health issues, the Kaiser Family Foundation is a nonprofit organization based in San Francisco, California.