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Understanding the Intersection of Medicaid and Work

This brief provides an overview of work status of non-disabled, adult Medicaid enrollees and examines some of the policy proposals around tying Medicaid coverage to work. It finds that, among non-disabled, non-elderly Medicaid adults (including parents and childless adults — the group targeted by the Medicaid expansion) nearly 8 in 10 live in working families, and a majority are working themselves. However, nearly half of working Medicaid enrollees are employed by small firms, and many work in industries with low ESI offer rates. Among those who were not working, most report major impediments to their ability to work. Under current law, states cannot impose a work requirement as a condition of Medicaid eligibility, but some states have sought to impose a work requirement for the Medicaid expansion population through waivers. The issue of work requirements may be re-examined by the new administration and may be debated in Congress as part of broader efforts to restructure Medicaid financing and core federal requirements.

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3 Key Questions: Section 1115 Medicaid Demonstration Waivers

Section 1115 Medicaid demonstration waivers provide states an avenue to test new approaches in Medicaid that differ from federal program rules. Waivers can provide states considerable flexibility in how they operate their programs, beyond what is available under current law, and can have a significant impact on program financing. This brief answers key questions about Section 1115 waiver authority, the current landscape of demonstration waivers and what to watch going forward.

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Key Issues in Children’s Health Coverage

This brief reviews children’s coverage today and examines what is at stake for children’s coverage in upcoming debates around CHIP funding, repeal and replacement of the ACA, and Medicaid restructuring.

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The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

Insurance Coverage Changes for People with HIV Under the ACA

This brief provides the first national estimates of changes in insurance coverage among people with HIV since the implementation of the ACA. We find that coverage increased significantly for people with HIV due to the ACA’s Medicaid expansion; indeed, increased Medicaid coverage in expansion states drove a nationwide increase in coverage for people with HIV.

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The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

ACA Medicaid Expansion Drove Nationwide Increase in Health Coverage for People with HIV, First National Analysis Finds

As Congress moves to repeal the Affordable Care Act, a new analysis from the Kaiser Family Foundation provides the first national estimates of changes in health coverage for people with HIV since the law was implemented. It finds that rolling back the law’s Medicaid expansion could significantly impact coverage for…

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The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

Data Note: Data Do Not Support Relationship Between States’ Medicaid Expansion Status and Home and Community-Based Services Waiver Waiting Lists

Some policymakers have been discussing whether state choices to adopt the ACA’s Medicaid expansion come at the expense of providing Medicaid home and community-based services (HCBS) to seniors and people with disabilities. This data note analyzes Medicaid HCBS waiver waiting list data for 2014 and 2015 and concludes that there does not appear to be a relationship between a state’s Medicaid expansion status and changes in its HCBS waiver waiting list.

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The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

Early Implementation Experience of Medicaid Expansion Waivers in Michigan and Indiana Can Help Inform Future Medicaid Waivers

Michigan and Indiana, led by Republican governors, each obtained a waiver from the Obama Administration to expand Medicaid in ways that differ from the terms of the Affordable Care Act. Notably, both states’ expansions include provisions related to charging enrollees premiums, requiring them to contribute to health accounts and providing…

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An Early Look at Medicaid Expansion Waiver Implementation in Michigan and Indiana

This brief explains key components of Michigan and Indiana’s Medicaid expansions under Section 1115 demonstration waivers and presents insights from stakeholder interviews and focus groups about early implementation experience.

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Current Flexibility in Medicaid: An Overview of Federal Standards and State Options

The Trump Administration and new Congress have indicated that they will seek to cap Medicaid financing through a block grant or per capita cap, reduce federal funding for the program, and offer states increased flexibility to manage their programs within this more limited financing structure. The size of the federal reductions as well as which federal program standards would remain in place and what increased flexibility might be provided to states under such proposals would have significant implications. To help inform discussion around increased flexibility, this brief provides an overview of current federal standards and state options in Medicaid and how states have responded to these options in four key areas: eligibility, benefits, premiums and cost sharing, and provider payments and delivery systems.

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Event: Major Considerations for Repealing & Replacing the ACA

Major Considerations for Repealing and Replacing the ACA

The Kaiser Family Foundation and the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget host a public forum to discuss the process and implications of repealing and replacing the Affordable Care Act, including the implications of using the budget reconciliation process to repeal the ACA, and what an ACA replacement could mean for health insurance coverage and costs.

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Filling the need for trusted information on national health issues, the Kaiser Family Foundation is a nonprofit organization based in Menlo Park, California.